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1185

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1185 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1185
MCLXXXV
Ab urbe condita1938
Armenian calendar634
ԹՎ ՈԼԴ
Assyrian calendar5935
Balinese saka calendar1106–1107
Bengali calendar592
Berber calendar2135
English Regnal year31 Hen. 2 – 32 Hen. 2
Buddhist calendar1729
Burmese calendar547
Byzantine calendar6693–6694
Chinese calendar甲辰(Wood Dragon)
3881 or 3821
    — to —
乙巳年 (Wood Snake)
3882 or 3822
Coptic calendar901–902
Discordian calendar2351
Ethiopian calendar1177–1178
Hebrew calendar4945–4946
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1241–1242
 - Shaka Samvat1106–1107
 - Kali Yuga4285–4286
Holocene calendar11185
Igbo calendar185–186
Iranian calendar563–564
Islamic calendar580–581
Japanese calendarGenryaku 2 / Bunji 1
(文治元年)
Javanese calendar1092–1093
Julian calendar1185
MCLXXXV
Korean calendar3518
Minguo calendar727 before ROC
民前727年
Nanakshahi calendar−283
Seleucid era1496/1497 AG
Thai solar calendar1727–1728
Tibetan calendar阳木龙年
(male Wood-Dragon)
1311 or 930 or 158
    — to —
阴木蛇年
(female Wood-Snake)
1312 or 931 or 159

Year 1185 (MCLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Events

By place

Byzantine Empire

Levant

England

  • April – King Henry II knights his son and heir, the 18-year-old John of England and sends him to Ireland, accompanied by 300 knights and a team of administrators, to enforce English control. He treats the local Irish rulers with contempt, by making fun of their unfashionable long beards. Failing to make allies amongst the Anglo-Norman settlers, the English army is unable to subdue the Irish fighters in unfamiliar conditions and the expedition soon becomes a complete disaster. By the end of the year, John returns to England in defeat. Nonetheless, Henry gets him named 'King of Ireland' by Pope Urban III and procures a golden crown with peacock feathers.[5]
  • April 151185 East Midlands earthquake occurs. It is the first earthquake in England for which there are reliable reports indicating the damage.[6]

Europe

Africa

Asia

By topic

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Births

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References

  1. ^ Abels, Richard Philip; Bernard S. Bachrach (2001). The Normans and their adversaries at war. Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer. p. 100. ISBN 0-85115-847-1.
  2. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, pp. 349–350. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.
  3. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, p. 362. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.
  4. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, pp. 362–363. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.
  5. ^ King John by Warren. University of California Press, 1961. p. 35
  6. ^ Musson, RMW (2014). "Earthquake Catalogue of Great Britain and surroundings". European Archive of Historical Earthquake Data. British Geological Survey. p. 36. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
  7. ^ Baldwin, John W. (1991). The Government of Philip Augustus: Foundations of French Royal Power in the Middle Ages, p. 3. University of California Press. ISBN 0520073916.
  8. ^ Williams, Hywell (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History, p. 128. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  9. ^ Picard, Christophe (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
  10. ^ Ferris, Eleanor (1902). "The Financial Relations of the Knights Templars to the English Crown". American Historical Review. 8 (1).

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