1959

From top to bottom, left to right: Fidel Castro takes over Cuba; Tsarong Dazang Dramdul and several Tibetan monks captured by the PLA during the 1959 Tibetan uprising; The MOSFET (MOS transistor) is invented by Mohamed Atalla and Dawon Kahng at Bell Labs.; Site of Australopithecus boisei discovery in Tanzania.; Surface weather analysis of Typhoon Vera; Richard Nixon and Nikita Khrushchev at the American National Exhibition; The Day the Music Died: The wreckage of the Bonanza at the crash site that killed Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, and The Big Bopper; Damage to the Congolese Public Market in Léopoldville from the Léopoldville riots.
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1959 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1959
MCMLIX
Ab urbe condita2712
Armenian calendar1408
ԹՎ ՌՆԸ
Assyrian calendar6709
Baháʼí calendar115–116
Balinese saka calendar1880–1881
Bengali calendar1366
Berber calendar2909
British Regnal yearEliz. 2 – 8 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar2503
Burmese calendar1321
Byzantine calendar7467–7468
Chinese calendar戊戌年 (Earth Dog)
4656 or 4449
    — to —
己亥年 (Earth Pig)
4657 or 4450
Coptic calendar1675–1676
Discordian calendar3125
Ethiopian calendar1951–1952
Hebrew calendar5719–5720
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2015–2016
 - Shaka Samvat1880–1881
 - Kali Yuga5059–5060
Holocene calendar11959
Igbo calendar959–960
Iranian calendar1337–1338
Islamic calendar1378–1379
Japanese calendarShōwa 34
(昭和34年)
Javanese calendar1890–1891
Juche calendar48
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4292
Minguo calendarROC 48
民國48年
Nanakshahi calendar491
Thai solar calendar2502
Tibetan calendar阳土狗年
(male Earth-Dog)
2085 or 1704 or 932
    — to —
阴土猪年
(female Earth-Pig)
2086 or 1705 or 933

1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1959th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 959th year of the 2nd millennium, the 59th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1950s decade.

Events

January

January 8: Fidel Castro arrives in Havana

February

February 17: Technical drawing of Vanguard 2

March

April

May

May 28: Miss Baker awaits launch.

June

July

July 24: Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev and USA Vice President Richard Nixon engage in the Kitchen Debate

August

August 7: Launch of Explorer 6

September

Track of a tropical cyclone as represented by colored dots; each dot represents the storm's position and intensity at 6-hour intervals.
September 26: Typhoon Vera storm path
Map key
Tropical depression (≤38 mph, ≤62 km/h)
Tropical storm (39–73 mph, 63–118 km/h)
Category 1 (74–95 mph, 119–153 km/h)
Category 2 (96–110 mph, 154–177 km/h)
Category 3 (111–129 mph, 178–208 km/h)
Category 4 (130–156 mph, 209–251 km/h)
Category 5 (≥157 mph, ≥252 km/h)
Unknown
Storm type
triangle Extratropical cyclone, remnant low, tropical disturbance, or monsoon depression

October

October 21: Atrium of the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum designed by Frank Lloyd Wright.

November

December

Date unknown

Births

Births
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December
Rigoberta Menchú
Linda Blair
Mauricio Macri
Joachim Kunz
John McEnroe
Vazgen Sargsyan
Jens Stoltenberg
Laura Chinchilla
Alberto Fernández
David Hyde Pierce
Dame Emma Thompson
Sean Bean
Pedro Pierluisi
Stephen Harper
Hugh Laurie
Klaus Iohannis
Christian Wulff
Tupou VI
Susana Martinez
Kevin Spacey
Sanjay Dutt
Rosanna Arquette
Gustavo Cerati
Magic Johnson
Morten Harket
Elizabeth Peña
Mauricio Funes
Ken Watanabe
Evo Morales
John Magufuli
Bryan Adams
Sean Young
Florence Griffith Joyner

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Deaths

January

Cecil B. DeMille

February

The Big Bopper
Buddy Holly
Baby Dodds

March

Lou Costello
Ichirō Hatoyama

April

Frank Lloyd Wright

May

John Foster Dulles

June

Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus
Hitoshi Ashida

July

Billie Holiday
William D. Leahy

August

William Halsey Jr.

September

Edmund Gwenn
S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike

October

Errol Flynn
George Marshall

November

Jose P. Laurel
Charles Thomson Rees Wilson

December

Ante Pavelić

Unknown

Nobel Prizes


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