4-Aminophenol (Redirected from 4-aminophenol)

4-Aminophenol
Skeletal formula of 4-aminophenol
Space-filling model of the 4-aminophenol molecule
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
4-Aminophenol
Other names
  • p-Aminophenol
  • para-Aminophenol
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
385836
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.004.198 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 204-616-2
2926
KEGG
MeSH Aminophenols
UNII
UN number 2512
  • InChI=1S/C6H7NO/c7-5-1-3-6(8)4-2-5/h1-4,8H,7H2 checkY
    Key: PLIKAWJENQZMHA-UHFFFAOYSA-N checkY
  • InChI=1/C6H7NO/c7-5-1-3-6(8)4-2-5/h1-4,8H,7H2
    Key: PLIKAWJENQZMHA-UHFFFAOYAD
  • Oc1ccc(N)cc1
  • c1cc(ccc1N)O
Properties
C6H7NO
Molar mass 109.128 g·mol−1
Appearance Colorless to reddish-yellow crystals
Density 1.13 g/cm3
Melting point 187.5 °C (369.5 °F; 460.6 K)
Boiling point 284 °C (543 °F; 557 K)
1.5 g/100 mL
Solubility
log P 0.04
Acidity (pKa)
  • 5.48 (amino; H2O)
  • 10.30 (phenol; H2O)
Structure
orthorhombic
Thermochemistry
-190.6 kJ/mol
Hazards
GHS labelling:
GHS07: Exclamation markGHS08: Health hazardGHS09: Environmental hazard
Warning
H302, H332, H341, H410
P201, P202, P261, P264, P270, P271, P273, P281, P301+P312, P304+P312, P304+P340, P308+P313, P312, P330, P391, P405, P501
NFPA 704 (fire diamond)
2
1
0
Flash point 195 °C (383 °F; 468 K) (cc)
Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):
671 mg/kg
Related compounds
Related aminophenols
2-Aminophenol
3-Aminophenol
Related compounds
Aniline
Phenol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
checkY verify (what is checkY☒N ?)
Infobox references

4-Aminophenol (or para-aminophenol or p-aminophenol) is an organic compound with the formula H2NC6H4OH. Typically available as a white powder, it is commonly used as a developer for black-and-white film, marketed under the name Rodinal.

Reflecting its slightly hydrophilic character, the white powder is moderately soluble in alcohols and can be recrystallized from hot water. In the presence of a base, it oxidizes readily. The methylated derivatives N-methylaminophenol and N,N-dimethylaminophenol are of commercial value.

The compound is one of three isomeric aminophenols, the other two being 2-aminophenol and 3-aminophenol.

Preparation

From phenol

It is produced from phenol by nitration followed by reduction with iron. Alternatively, the partial hydrogenation of nitrobenzene affords phenylhydroxylamine, which rearranges primarily to 4-aminophenol (Bamberger rearrangement).

C6H5NO2 + 2 H2 → C6H5NHOH + H2O
C6H5NHOH → HOC6H4NH2

From nitrobenzene

It can be produced from nitrobenzene by electrolytic conversion to phenylhydroxylamine, which spontaneously rearranges to 4-aminophenol.

From 4-nitrophenol

4-nitrophenol can be reduced through a variety of methods, to yield 4-aminophenol. One method involves hydrogenation over a Raney Nickel catalyst. A second method involves selective reduction of the nitro group by Tin(II) Chloride in anhydrous ethanol or ethyl ethanoate.

Uses

4-Aminophenol is a building block used in organic chemistry. Prominently, it is the final intermediate in the industrial synthesis of paracetamol. Treating 4-aminophenol with acetic anhydride gives paracetamol:

It is a precursor to amodiaquine, mesalazine, AM404, parapropamol, B-86810 & B-87836 (c.f. WO 2001042204).

4-Aminophenol converts readily to the diazonium salt.


This page was last updated at 2023-06-21 03:38 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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