# A. W. F. Edwards

A. W. F. Edwards | |
---|---|

Born | Anthony William Fairbank Edwards 4 October 1935 London |

Alma mater | University of Cambridge |

Awards | Fellow of the Royal Society (2015) |

Scientific career | |

Institutions | |

Doctoral students | Elizabeth A. Thompson |

Website | royalsociety |

**Anthony William Fairbank Edwards**, FRS (born 1935) is a British statistician, geneticist and evolutionary biologist. He is the son of the surgeon Harold C. Edwards, and brother of medical geneticist John H. Edwards. He has sometimes been called "Fisher's Edwards" to distinguish him from his brother, because he was mentored by Ronald Fisher. Edwards has always had a high regard for Fisher's scientific contributions and has written extensively on them. To mark the Fisher centenary in 1990, Edwards proposed a commemorative Sir Ronald Fisher window be installed in the Dining Hall of Gonville & Caius College. When the window was removed in 2020, he vigorously opposed the move.

## Career and research

Edwards is a Life Fellow of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge and retired Professor of Biometry at the University of Cambridge, and holds both the ScD and LittD degrees. He has written several books and numerous scientific papers. With Luigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza, he carried out pioneering work on quantitative methods of phylogenetic analysis, and he has strongly advocated Fisher's concept of likelihood as the proper basis for statistical and scientific inference. He has also written extensively on the history of genetics and statistics, including an analysis of whether Gregor Mendel's results were "too good" to be unmanipulated, and also on purely mathematical subjects, such as Venn diagrams.

After one postdoctoral research year he was invited by Luigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza to the University of Pavia, where, in 1961–1964, they initiated the statistical approach to the construction of evolutionary trees from genetical data, using the first modern computers. A year at Stanford University was followed by three years as a senior lecturer in Statistics at the University of Aberdeen supervised by D. J. Finney and then two years as a Bye-Fellow in Science at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, during which he wrote his book *Likelihood*.

The remainder of Edwards's career has been spent at Cambridge, ultimately as Professor of Biometry, during which he has published widely, including books on Venn diagrams, mathematical genetics, and Pascal's triangle. In a 2003 paper, Edwards criticised Richard Lewontin's argument in a 1972 paper that race is an invalid taxonomic construct, terming it Lewontin's fallacy.

## Works

### Books

- Edwards, A. W. F. 1972.
*Likelihood.*Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (expanded edition, 1992, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore). ISBN 0-8018-4443-6 - Edwards, A. W. F. 1977.
*Foundations of Mathematical Genetics.*Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2nd ed., 2000). ISBN 0-521-77544-2 - Edwards, A. W. F. 1987.
*Pascal's Arithmetical Triangle: The Story of a Mathematical Idea.*Charles Griffin, London (paperback edition, 2002, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore). ISBN 0-8018-6946-3 - David, H. A.; Edwards, A. W. F. 2001.
*Annotated Readings in the History of Statistics.*Springer, New York. ISBN 0-387-98844-0 - Edwards, Anthony William Fairbank (2004).
*Cogwheels of the Mind: The Story of Venn Diagrams*. Baltimore, Maryland, USA: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 65. ISBN 0-8018-7434-3. - Keynes, M.; Edwards, A. W. F.; Peel, R. eds. 2004.
*A Century of Mendelism in Human Genetics.*CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. ISBN 0-415-32960-4 - Franklin, A.; Edwards, A. W. F.; Fairbanks, D. J.; Hartl, D. L.; Seidenfeld, T. 2008.
*Ending the Mendel-Fisher Controversy.*University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh. ISBN 0-8229-4319-0

### Anthology

- Winther, Rasmus Grønfeldt (2018).
*Phylogenetic Inference, Selection Theory, and History of Science: Selected Papers of A. W. F. Edwards with Commentaries*. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781107111721.

(Contains: selected papers, including all the papers below; short commentaries by expert biologists, historians, and philosophers; interview with Edwards; appendices; a full list of publications up to 2016.)

### Papers

- Cavalli-Sforza, L. L.; Edwards, A. W. F. 1964. Analysis of human evolution.
*Genetics Today*3:923–933. - Edwards, A. W. F.; Cavalli-Sforza, L. L. 1964. Reconstruction of evolutionary trees. pp. 67–76 in
*Phenetic and Phylogenetic Classification*, ed. Heywood, V. H. and McNeill, J. Systematics Association pub. no. 6, London. - Cavalli-Sforza, L. L.; Edwards, A. W. F. 1967. Phylogenetic analysis: models and estimation procedures.
*American Journal of Human Genetics*19:233–257. - Edwards, A. W. F. 1969. Statistical methods in scientific inference.
*Nature*222:1233–1237. - Edwards, A. W. F. 1974. The history of likelihood.
*International Statistical Review*42:9–15. - Edwards, A. W. F. 1986. Are Mendel's results really too close?
*Biological Reviews*61:295–312. - Edwards, A. W. F. 1996. The origin and early development of the method of minimum evolution for the reconstruction of phylogenetic trees.
*Systematic Biology*45:79–91. - Edwards, A. W. F. 2000. The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection.
*Genetics*154:1419–1426. - Edwards, A. W. F. 2003. Human Genetic Diversity: Lewontin's Fallacy.
*BioEssays*25:798–801.

## Awards and honours

Edwards was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 2015.

## Personal life

His elder brother John H. Edwards (1928–2007) was also a geneticist and also an FRS; their father, Harold C. Edwards, was a surgeon. He was awarded the Telesio-Galilei Academy Award in 2011 for Biology.

Edwards is involved in gliding, particularly within the Cambridge University Gliding Club and has written on the subject in *Sailplane and Gliding* magazine as "The Armchair Pilot".

- 1935 births
- 20th-century English mathematicians
- 20th-century British biologists
- 21st-century English mathematicians
- 21st-century British biologists
- Living people
- British geneticists
- British statisticians
- British evolutionary biologists
- Population geneticists
- People educated at Uppingham School
- Fellows of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge
- Fellows of the Royal Society
- Cambridge mathematicians