Chamber of Deputies (Romania)

Chamber of Deputies

Camera Deputaților
9th Legislature
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
History
Founded1862
New session started
1 September 2021 (2021-09-01)
Leadership
Alfred Simonis (acting/ad interim) (PSD)
since 14 June 2023
Structure
Seats330
107
79
41
29
20
17
37
Political groups

Government (186)

Supported by (17)

Opposition (137)

Committees
24
  • – Committee for Economic Policy, Reform, and Privatisation (Romanian: Comisia pentru politică economică, reformă și privatizare);
    – Committee for Budget, Finance and Banks (Romanian: Comisia pentru buget, finanțe și bănci);
    – Committee for Industries and Services (Romanian: Comisia pentru industrii și servicii);
    – Committee for Transport and Infrastructure (Romanian: Comisia pentru transporturi și infrastructură);
    – Committee for Agriculture, Forestry, Food Industry and Specific Services (Romanian: Comisia pentru agricultură, silvicultură, industrie alimentară și servicii specifice);
    – Committee for Human Rights, Cults and National Minorities Issues (Romanian: Comisia pentru drepturile omului, culte și problemele minorităților naționale);
    – Committee for Public Administration and Territorial Planning (Romanian: Comisia pentru administrație publică și amenajarea teritoriului);
    – Committee for the Environment and Ecological Balance (Romanian: Comisia pentru mediu și echilibru ecologic);
    – Committee for Labour and Social Protection (Romanian: Comisia pentru muncă și protecţie socială);
    – Committee for Health and Family (Romanian: Comisia pentru sănătate și familie);
    – Committee for Teaching (Romanian: Comisia pentru învățământ);
    – Committee for Culture, Arts, Mass Information Means (Romanian: Comisia pentru cultură, arte, mijloace de informare în masă);
    – Committee for Legal Matters, Discipline and Immunities (Romanian: Comisia juridică, de disciplină și imunități);
    – Committee for Defence, Public Order and National Security (Romanian: Comisia pentru apărare, ordine publică și siguranță națională);
    – Committee for Foreign Policy (Romanian: Comisia pentru politică externă);
    – Committee for the Investigation of Abuses, Corrupt Practices and for Petitions (Romanian: Comisia pentru cercetarea abuzurilor, corupției și pentru petiții);
    – Committee for Standing Orders (Romanian: Comisia pentru regulament);
    – Committee for Information Technology and Communications (Romanian: Comisia pentru tehnologia informației și comunicațiilor);
    – Committee on Equal Opportunities for Women and Men (Romanian: Comisia pentru egalitatea de șanse pentru femei și bărbați);
    – Committee for the Romanian Communities from Outside the Borders of the Country (Romanian: Comisia pentru comunitățile de români din afara granițelor țării);
    – Committee for European Affairs (Romanian: Comisia pentru afaceri europene);
    – Committee for Constitutionality (Romanian: Comisia pentru constituționalitate);
    – Committee for Science and Technology (Romanian: Comisia pentru știință și tehnologie);
    – Committee for Youth and Sport (Romanian: Comisia pentru tineret și sport).
Elections
1992–2008, since 2016: Closed list, D'Hondt method
2008–2016: nominal vote, Mixed member proportional representation
Last election
6 December 2020
Next election
21 March 2025
Meeting place
Palace of the Parliament, Bucharest
Website
cdep.ro

The Chamber of Deputies (Romanian: Camera Deputaților) is the lower house in Romania's bicameral parliament. It has 330 total seats to which deputies are elected by direct popular vote using party-list proportional representation to serve four-year terms. Additionally, the organisation of each national ethnic minority is entitled to a seat in the Chamber (under the limitation that a national minority is to be represented by one organisation only).

Leadership and structure

Standing Bureau

The (Romanian: Biroul Permanent) is the body elected by the deputies that rules the Chamber. Its president is the President of the Chamber, who is elected for a whole legislature (usually four years). All the other members are elected at the beginning of each parliamentary session.

There is one president, and four each of vice presidents, quaestors, and secretaries. The current composition is listed below.

Last President of Chamber Election: November 2021

Standing Bureau officers
Position Name Political group Incumbent since
President Marcel Ciolacu PSD 23 November 2021
Vice-presidents Cristina Prună USR 21 December 2020
Laurențiu Leoreanu PNL 21 December 2020
Marius Budăi PSD 21 December 2020
Alexandru Rafila PSD 21 December 2020
Secretaries Oana Murariu [ro] USR 21 December 2020
Cristian Buican PNL 21 December 2020
Vasile-Daniel Suciu PSD 21 December 2020
Ovidiu-Victor Ganț Minorities (FDGR/DFDR) 21 December 2020
Quaestors George Tuță PNL 21 December 2020
Dénes Seres UDMR 21 December 2020
Alexandra Presură PSD 21 December 2020
Antonio Andrușceac AUR 21 December 2020

Committees of the Chamber

Standing committees and current leadership are listed below.

Standing Bureau standing committees
Committee President Group Incumbent since
Committee for Economic Policy, Reform, and Privatisation
(Romanian: Comisia pentru politică economică, reformă și privatizare)
Costel Dunava PSD 22 December 2020
Committee for Budget, Finance and Banks
(Romanian: Comisia pentru buget, finanțe și bănci)
Bogdan Huțucă PNL 22 December 2020
Committee for Industries and Services
(Romanian: Comisia pentru industrii și servicii)
Sándor Bende UDMR 22 December 2020
Committee for Transport and Infrastructure
(Romanian: Comisia pentru transporturi și infrastructură)
Ciprian Constantin Șerban PSD 22 December 2020
Committee for Agriculture, Forestry, Food Industry and Specific Services
(Romanian: Comisia pentru agricultură, silvicultură, industrie alimentară și servicii specifice)
Adrian Chesnoiu PSD 22 December 2020
Committee for Human Rights, Cults and National Minorities Issues
(Romanian: Comisia pentru drepturile omului, culte și problemele minorităților naționale)
Iusein Ibram Minorities 22 December 2020
Committee for Public Administration and Territorial Planning
(Romanian: Comisia pentru administrație publică și amenajarea teritoriului)
Simona Bucura Oprescu PSD 22 December 2020
Committee for the Environment and Ecological Balance
(Romanian: Comisia pentru mediu și echilibru ecologic)
George Cătălin Stângă PNL 22 December 2020
Committee for Labour and Social Protection
(Romanian: Comisia pentru muncă și protecţie socială)
Oana Țoiu USR 22 December 2020
Committee for Health and Family
(Romanian: Comisia pentru sănătate și familie)
Nelu Tătaru PNL 22 December 2020
Committee for Teaching
(Romanian: Comisia pentru învățământ)
Natalia Intotero PSD 22 December 2020
Committee for Culture, Arts, Mass Information Means
(Romanian: Comisia pentru cultură, arte, mijloace de informare în masă)
Iulian Bulai USR 22 December 2020
Committee for Legal Matters, Discipline and Immunities
(Romanian: Comisia juridică, de disciplină și imunități)
Mihai Badea USR 22 December 2020
Committee for Defence, Public Order and National Security
(Romanian: Comisia pentru apărare, ordine publică și siguranță națională)
Constantin Șovăială PNL 22 December 2020
Committee for Foreign Policy
(Romanian: Comisia pentru politică externă)
Rozália Biró UDMR 22 December 2020
Committee for the Investigation of Abuses, Corrupt Practices and for Petitions
(Romanian: Comisia pentru cercetarea abuzurilor, corupției și pentru petiții)
Steluța Cătăniciu PSD 22 December 2020
Committee for Standing Orders
(Romanian: Comisia pentru regulament)
Gheorghe Șimon PSD 22 December 2020
Committee for Information Technology and Communications
(Romanian: Comisia pentru tehnologia informației și comunicațiilor)
Ion Sabin Sărmaș PNL 22 December 2020
Committee on Equal Opportunities for Women and Men
(Romanian: Comisia pentru egalitatea de șanse pentru femei și bărbați)
Dan Tănasă AUR February 2021
Committee for the Romanian Communities from Outside the Borders of the Country
(Romanian: Comisia pentru comunitățile de români din afara granițelor țării)
Gigel Știrbu PNL 22 December 2020
Committee for European Affairs
(Romanian: Comisia pentru afaceri europene)
Ștefan Moșoiu PSD 22 December 2020
Committee for Constitutionality
(Romanian: Comisia pentru constituționalitate)
Ringo Dămureanu AUR February 2021
Committee for Science and Technology
(Romanian: Comisia pentru știință și tehnologie)
Dragoș Zisopol Minorities 22 December 2020
Committee for Youth and Sport
(Romanian: Comisia pentru tineret și sport)
Tudor Pop USR 22 December 2020

Party composition

2020–2024

The former political composition of the Romanian Parliament by political group breakdown (in mid November 2021)
Seats in the Chamber of Deputies of Romania
Party Election seating Lost Won Present seating
Seats % Seats %
  Social Democratic Party 110 33.33% 6 3 107 32.42%
  National Liberal Party 93 28.18% 16 4 81 24.54%
Save Romania Union 55 16.66% 13 0 42 12.72%
Alliance for the Union of Romanians 33 10.00% 11 1 23 6.96%
  Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania 21 6.36% 1 0 20 6.06%
  Parties of ethnic minorities 18 5.45% 1 1 18 5.45%
  Force of the Right 1 17 16 4.84%
  Renewing Romania's European Project 0 9 9 2.72%
  Social Liberal Humanist Party 0 4 4 1.21%
Romanian Nationhood Party 0 4 4 1.21%
The Right Alternative 0 3 3 0.90%
Alliance for the Homeland 0 1 1 0.30%
Association of Italians of Romania 0 1 1 0.30%
  Independents 12 15 3 0.90%
Total 330 100 330 100

2016–2020

Seats in the Chamber of Deputies of Romania
Party Election seating Lost Won End seating
Seats % Seats %
  Social Democratic Party 154 46.8% 65 28 117 35.56%
  National Liberal Party 69 20.97% 6 3 66 20.06%
  Save Romania Union 30 9.11% 11 6 25 7.59%
  Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania 21 6.38% 1 0 20 6.07%
  Alliance of Liberals and Democrats 20 6.07% 10 4 14 4.26%
  People's Movement Party 18 5.47% 9 6 15 4.55%
  Parties of ethnic minorities 17 5.17% 0 0 17 5.17%
  PRO Romania 0 21 21 6.38%
  Humanist Power Party 0 7 7 2.12%
  Independents 11 38 27 10.94%
Total 329 100 329 100

2012–2016

2008–2012

Seats in the Chamber of Deputies of Romania
Parliamentary Group Election seating Lost Won Present
Seats % Seats %
Democratic Liberal Party 115 34.43% 29 12 106 31.73%
Social Democratic Party 114 34.13% 29 2 91 27.24%
National Liberal Party 65 19.46% 21 6 56 16.76%
Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania 22 6.58% 2 0 20 5.98%
Ethnic minorities parties 18 5.39% 2 0 16 4.79%
National Union for the Progress of Romania 16 16 12 3.59%
Independents 8 2.39%
  Vacant seats 25
Total 334 100 334 100

2004–2008

In Romania's 2004 legislative election, held on 28 November, no party won an outright majority. The Social Democratic Party (PSD) won the largest number of seats but is currently in opposition because the Justice and Truth Alliance (DA), the Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania (UDMR/RMDSZ), the Romanian Humanist Party (which later became the Conservative Party), and the National Minorities formed a governing coalition, giving it 177 seats in the Chamber of Deputies (47.9% of the total). The Conservative Party (PC) withdrew in December 2006, meaning that the government lost the majority in the Chamber of Deputies. In April 2007, then national liberal Prime Minister, Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu, dismissed the Democratic Party ministers from the government and formed a minority government with the Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania, marking the end of the Justice and Truth Alliance.

During the 2004–2008 legislature, the president of the Chamber of Deputies was Bogdan Olteanu from the National Liberal Party (PNL), who was elected on 20 March 2006, after the Chamber's former president, Adrian Năstase, was forced by his own party (the Social Democratic Party, PSD) to step down amidst corruption allegations.

After the 2004 elections, several deputies from the PSD switched to other parties (including the governing Justice and Truth Alliance) or became independents, with the total number of PSD seats being reduced from 113 to 105. The number of Justice and Truth Alliance (DA) deputies also increased from 112 to 118, making it the largest formation in parliament as of October 2006. This changed again in December 2006, leaving the PSD with 107 seats and the Justice and Truth Alliance (DA) with 101. Since April 2007 the Justice and Truth Alliance (DA) has split leaving the two former members with 51 respectively 50 members. Deputies elected to the European Parliament in the 2007 election resigned, thus reducing the number of deputies to 314 as of 4 December 2007.

A new election was held in 2008. The table below gives the state of play before the 2008 election; parties in bold were part of the governing coalition. That coalition was tacitly supported by the PSD.

Seats in the Chamber of Deputies of Romania, 2004–2008
Party % of seats Seats
  Social Democratic Party 32.31 105
  Democratic Liberal Party 20.62 67
  National Liberal Party 18.15 59
  Greater Romania Party 6.77 22
  Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania 6.77 22
  Conservative Party 5.85 19
  Ethnic minority parties 5.54 18
  Independents 4.00 13
Total 100 325

2000–2004

Elections to the Chamber of Deputies were held on 26 November 2000, in which the Social Democratic Party of Romania (PSD) won plurality. The governing majority was formed from the PSD and the Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania (UDMR/RMDSZ), which, with 182 members, made up 54.8% of seats. The president of the Chamber of Deputies during this period was Valer Dorneanu, who was elected on 15 December 2000. The distribution of seats was as follows:

Seats in the Chamber of Deputies of Romania, 2000–2004
Party % of seats Seats
  Social Democratic Party 44.93 155
  Greater Romania Party 24.35 84
  Democratic Party 8.99 31
  National Liberal Party 8.70 30
  Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania 7.83 27
  Ethnic minority parties 5.22 18
Total 100 345

1996–2000

1992–1996

1990–1992

See also


This page was last updated at 2024-02-18 16:40 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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