Cytidine triphosphate

Cytidine triphosphate
Skeletal formula of cytidine triphosphate as an anion (3- charge)
Space-filling model of the cytidine triphosphate molecule as an anion (4- charge)
IUPAC name
Cytidine 5′-(tetrahydrogen triphosphate)
Systematic IUPAC name
O1-{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(4-Amino-2-oxopyrimidin-1(2H)-yl)-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methyl} tetrahydrogen triphosphate
Other names
CTP; Cytidine-5'-triphosphate
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.000.556 Edit this at Wikidata
MeSH Cytidine+triphosphate
  • InChI=1S/C9H13N3O5.3H3O4P/c10-5-1-2-12(9(16)11-5)8-7(15)6(14)4(3-13)17-8;3*1-5(2,3)4/h1-2,4,6-8,13-15H,3H2,(H2,10,11,16);3*(H3,1,2,3,4)/t4-,6-,7-,8-;;;/m1.../s1 checkY
  • InChI=1/C9H16N3O14P3/c10-5-1-2-12(9(15)11-5)8-7(14)6(13)4(24-8)3-23-28(19,20)26-29(21,22)25-27(16,17)18/h1-2,4,6-8,13-14H,3H2,(H,19,20)(H,21,22)(H2,10,11,15)(H2,16,17,18)/t4-,6-,7-,8-/m1/s1
  • InChI=1/C9H13N3O5.3H3O4P/c10-5-1-2-12(9(16)11-5)8-7(15)6(14)4(3-13)17-8;3*1-5(2,3)4/h1-2,4,6-8,13-15H,3H2,(H2,10,11,16);3*(H3,1,2,3,4)/t4-,6-,7-,8-;;;/m1.../s1
  • c1cn(c(=O)nc1N)[C@H]2[C@@H]([C@@H]([C@H](O2)CO[P@](=O)(O)O[P@](=O)(O)OP(=O)(O)O)O)O
  • OP(O)(=O)O.OP(O)(=O)O.OP(O)(=O)O.N/C1=N/C(=O)N(/C=C1)[C@@H]2O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H]2O
Molar mass 483.156
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Cytidine triphosphate (CTP) is a pyrimidine nucleoside triphosphate. CTP, much like ATP, consists of a ribose sugar, and three phosphate groups. The major difference between the two molecules is the base used, which in CTP is cytosine.

CTP is a substrate in the synthesis of RNA.

CTP is a high-energy molecule similar to ATP, but its role as an energy coupler is limited to a much smaller subset of metabolic reactions. CTP is a coenzyme in metabolic reactions like the synthesis of glycerophospholipids, where it is used for activation and transfer of diacylglycerol and lipid head groups, and glycosylation of proteins.

CTP acts as an inhibitor of the enzyme aspartate carbamoyltransferase, which is used in pyrimidine biosynthesis.

See also

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