Dhandhuka

Dhandhuka
city
Dhandhuka is located in Gujarat
Dhandhuka
Dhandhuka
Location in Gujarat, India
Dhandhuka is located in India
Dhandhuka
Dhandhuka
Dhandhuka (India)
Coordinates: 22°22′N 71°59′E / 22.37°N 71.98°E / 22.37; 71.98Coordinates: 22°22′N 71°59′E / 22.37°N 71.98°E / 22.37; 71.98
Country India
StateGujarat
DistrictAhmedabad
Founded byThakor Dhan Mer
Named forThakor Dhan Mer
Elevation24 m (79 ft)
Population
(2001)
 • Total30,000
Demonym(s)Kolis
Languages
 • OfficialGujarati, Hindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationGJ
Websitegujaratindia.com

Dhandhuka is a city and a municipality in the Ahmedabad district in the state of Gujarat, India. Moreover, it is a part of the Bhal region.

History

Dhandhuka in the map of Ahmedabad district under Bombay Presidency, British India 1877

Dhandhuka is said to have been founded by, and to take its name from, Thakor Dhana Mer (Koli King)[1], or rather Mehd, the second of the thirteen sons of the Sonang Mehd[2] who in early times came into Gujarat from Sind. No specific year is mentioned in Rasmala by Alexander Kinloch Forbes. Having no son, Dhana Mehd is said to have given the town as a lasting gift to a party of 400 Brahman refugees from the wrath of Ebhal Walo. The villages of erstwhile Chamunda rulers is also located here.

According to another account, the town is said to be called after Shri Dhandhiu of the Chaulukya dynasty who married the daughter of Mularaja Chaulukya's predecessor. In the twelfth century, Dhandhuka became famous as the birthplace of the great Jain teacher Hemchandra and in his honor, Chaulukya king Kumarapala (1143-1174) raised a temple over his birthplace. Under the Muslims and Marathas, Dhandhuka kept its position as a country town, its fortune is almost always linked with the fortune of Dholka. Along with Dholka, it was ceded to the British in 1802.[3] Dhandhuka also represents a Legislative Assembly Constituencies. (Early till 2009 it also represents a parliamentary Constituency)

Thakor Dhan Mer Of Dhandhuka

Thakor Dhan Mer was second son of koli chief Sonang Mer. He founded the Dhandhuka and Dhandalpur. He Also known as Dhand Khant, Dhandhal Khant and Dhanji Mer. He killed the Rajput king Ebhal Walo of Vala with his army of 500 soldiers. Because Ebhal Walo was ravaging the Brahmins in his territory. After that Thakor Dhan Mer established the four hundred Brahmin refugees in dhandhuka.[4][5][6][7][8]

Dhandhuka Under Chudasama Rule

Chudasama Rajputs of Dhandhuka were the descendants of the ancient and princely line of Junagadh. A younger son of one of the Ra of Sorath, named Bhimji, is said to have received, as his patrimony, four " chorashees," or districts, each con taining eighty-four villages; one of which, the district of Dhandhuka, was inherited by his son, Raysalji. From Merjee, the ' fourth son of Raysalji, descended the Chudasama grassia Sursangji.[9][10]

Geography

Dhandhuka is located at 22°22′N 71°59′E / 22.37°N 71.98°E / 22.37; 71.98.[11] It has an average elevation of 24 metres (78 feet). The city is 105 km from District center Ahmedabad, on state highway No 1. to Bhavnagar. Bhavnagar is 95 Km from Dhandhuka town.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[12] Dhandhuka had a population of 29,555. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Dhandhuka has an average literacy rate of 66%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 75% and, female literacy is 57%. In Dhandhuka, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

The great Jain saint Acharya Shri Hemchandracharya (famous as Kalikal Sarvagya) born in 1088 A.D. into the Modha Vanik (merchant) caste, in the town of Dhandhuka. Pujya Shree Punit Maharaj (19 May 1908 – 27 July 1962) is also from Dhandhuka. The city has a population of more than 50,000 and a literacy rate of 66% (compared to the Indian national average of 59.5%). The town has an Arts and Commerce College and Three High Schools. The popular professions in the city include working for the automobile dealership, telecommunication dealership, insurance companies and agriculture. RMS Hospital, one of Gujarat's biggest hospitals, opened in 2007, receiving its funding in large part from some local donors and NRIs (Non-resident Indian). Common plants grown include cotton and wheat. There is a small industrial estate in the city known as G.I.D.C. (Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation), few entrepreneurs have established their small scale industries here.

See also

References

  1. ^ Behera, Deepak Kumar; Pfeffer, Georg (2002). The concept of tribal society. Concept Publishing Company. ISBN 9788170229834.
  2. ^ Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency: Káthiáwar. Government Central Press. 1884.
  3. ^ Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency: Ahmedabad. Government Central Press. 1879. pp. 334–335.
  4. ^ Pfeffer, Georg; Behera, Deepak Kumar (1997). Contemporary Society: Concept of tribal society. Concept Publishing Company. ISBN 9788170229834.
  5. ^ Burgess, James (1885). Lists of the Antiquarian Remains in the Bombay Presidency: With an Appendix of Inscriptions from Gujarat. Government Central Press.
  6. ^ Indian Antiquary: A Journal of Oriental Research in Archaeology, History, Literature, Languages, Folklore Etc. Popular Prakashan. 1874.
  7. ^ Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency: Ahmedabad. Printed at the Government Central Press. 1879.
  8. ^ Williams, Raymond Brady; Trivedi, Yogi (12 May 2016). Swaminarayan Hinduism: Tradition, Adaptation, and Identity. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199089598.
  9. ^ Forbes, Alexander Kinloch (1878). Râs Mâlâ. Richardson and Company. p. 414.
  10. ^ All India Reporter. D. V. Chitaley. 1915. p. 82.
  11. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Dhandhuka
  12. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.

This page was last updated at 2019-11-10 12:13 UTC. Update now. View original page.

All our content comes from Wikipedia and under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.


Top

If mathematical, chemical, physical and other formulas are not displayed correctly on this page, please useFirefox or Safari