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Diana Wellesley, Duchess of Wellington


The Duchess of Wellington

MBE
Diana Wellesley, Duchess of Wellington
Personal details
Born
Diana Ruth McConnel

(1922-01-14)14 January 1922
Woolwich, London, England
Died1 November 2010(2010-11-01) (aged 88)
Apsley House, London, England
Spouse(s)
ChildrenCharles Wellesley, 9th Duke of Wellington
Lord Richard Wellesley
Lady Jane Wellesley
Lord John Wellesley
Lord James Wellesley
ParentsDouglas McConnel
Ruth Garnet-Botfield

Diana Ruth Wellesley, Duchess of Wellington, MBE (née McConnel; 14 January 1922 – 1 November 2010) was the wife of Valerian Wellesley, 8th Duke of Wellington, and a British intelligence officer during World War II.

Family and early life

Born in Woolwich, she was the only daughter of Major-General Douglas McConnel, an instructor at the Royal Military Academy, and his wife, Ruth Mary (née Garnett-Botfield).[citation needed] Her only brother died soon after birth, and she had no other siblings.[1]

She resolved not to marry a military man after living apart from her father, though she did live happily with her parents in India for two years. On her return to Britain she was educated at Benenden School, where she enjoyed painting and music and proved proficient at maths. Her decision to learn typing instead of cooking would serve her well in the war, which broke out shortly before she left school. She was only seventeen, not yet finished school, when the Second World War broke out.

She lived in Jerusalem when her father was stationed there. She worked as a secretary for the military in the King David Hotel and served often as her father's Aide-de-camp. Her work included passing top secret documents, such as plans for a British invasion of Iraq in 1941 to nullify Arab nationalists who believed that the Nazi's could help their cause.[1]

Marriage and family

It was there that she met Valerian Wellesley, who in 1943 became Marquess of Douro when his father, then Lord Gerald Wellesley, inherited the Dukedom of Wellington from his nephew. They were married on 28 January 1944.[1] The Marquess and Marchioness of Douro would have five children:[citation needed]

During the course of her regular work Diana discovered a plot by the Stern Gang to bomb St George's Cathedral on her wedding day. The bomb was retrieved but the couple still received a police escort, which Lord Douro believed to be the standard procedure at the wedding of a general's daughter, his bride not having revealed the plot to him at the time.[1]

The wedding had been precipitated by his posting to Italy and later that year she learnt that he was returning home and arranged to join the same convoy of boats heading to Britain. As luck would have it, they were on neighbouring boats and at six o’clock each day he would position himself on the bow of his ship and she on the stern of hers, and they would communicate messages of endearment in the darkness with a torch using Morse code, much to the amusement of those on board who could decipher the messages.[2]

After the war

Lord Douro continued his military service, attaining the rank of brigadier, and Lady Douro lived with him in Cyprus in the 1950s and Madrid from 1964 to 1967. He retired from the army in 1967 and they moved to Stratfield Saye. In 1972 Lord Douro's father died and he and his wife became Duke and Duchess of Wellington. At home the Duchess tended personally to the gardens and was amused to be mistaken frequently for a gardener when their home was open to the public.[1]

The Duchess died at the family home, Apsley House, in London on 1 November 2010, aged 88. She lived to see the births of several of her great-grandchildren, including twins Lady Mae and Arthur, Viscount Wellesley, third in the direct line of succession to the dukedom.[citation needed]

Titles and honours

Diana McConnel became Marchioness of Douro upon marriage and took the female equivalents of all her husband's inherited titles after his father's death. In Britain she was Duchess of Wellington, Marchioness of Douro, Marchioness of Wellington, Countess of Mornington, Countess of Wellesley, Viscountess Wellesley, and Baroness Douro, variously in the Peerages of the United Kingdom and Ireland.

Due to her husband's ancestor, the first Duke of Wellington, was such a celebrated general rewarded by many of Europe's crowned heads, the Duchess of Wellington was also Princess of Waterloo in the Netherlands and Duchess of Vitória in Portugal.[citation needed]

She was Duchess of Ciudad Rodrigo in Spain from 1968 when her father-in-law ceded the title to his son (something common enough with Spanish titles, although unheard of in Britain). Her husband in turn ceded the dukedom to their son Charles Wellesley, Marquess of Douro, in 2010.[3]

In 2007 the Duchess was appointed as a Member of the Order of the British Empire for services to the Community of Hampshire.[citation needed]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Obituary for the Duchess of Wellington, The Daily Telegraph; accessed 18 May 2016.
  2. ^ "The Duchess of Wellington". The Times.
  3. ^ Otras disposiciones: Sección III del BOE Archived 18 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine, boe.es; accessed 18 May 2016.(in Spanish)

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