European Green Party

European Green Party
PresidentMélanie Vogel and Thomas Waitz
Secretary-GeneralBenedetta De Marte
Founded21 February 2004; 19 years ago (2004-02-21)
Preceded byEuropean Federation of Green Parties
HeadquartersRue du Taciturne 34, 1000 Brussels, Belgium
Think tankGreen European Foundation
IdeologyGreen politics
Pro-Europeanism
Political positionCentre-left to left-wing
International affiliationGlobal Greens
European Parliament groupGreens–European Free Alliance
Colours Green
European Parliament
52 / 705
Website
europeangreens.eu Edit this at Wikidata

The European Green Party (EGP), also referred to as European Greens, is the European political party that represents national parties from across Europe who share Green values. The European Greens works closely with the Greens–European Free Alliance (Greens/EFA) parliamentary group in the European parliament which is formed by elected Green party members along with the European Free Alliance, European Pirate Party and Volt Europa. The European Greens' partners include its youth wing the Federation of Young European Greens (FYEG), the Green European Foundation (GEF) and the Global Greens family.

History

Green politics emerged from grassroots political movements, such as the environmental, peace, and women's rights movements. They forged the Greens' political priorities: climate change, peace, environment, democracy, social justice and health. Greens emerged as a new political force in the 1970s in several European countries and have been represented in the European Parliament since 1984.

The European Green Party was founded at the 4th Congress of the European Federation of Green Parties on 20–22 February 2004 in Rome, as the evolution of this already existing federation. The foundation of the new party was finalised with the signing of the treaty constituting the party. 32 Green parties from across Europe joined this new pan-European party. The Greens were the first to form a political party at the European level.

The European political party amplifies the political expression of member parties by having common policy positions, mutual election manifestos, and cohesive European election campaigns. The European Greens also has networks which brings Green politicians together, such as the Local Councillors Network.

The current presence of European Greens member parties in national governments is the highest in history. They are now in government in eight countries in Europe: Austria (The Greens), Belgium (Groen and Ecolo), Bulgaria (Green Movement), Germany (Alliance 90/The Greens), the Republic of Ireland (Green Party), Latvia (The Progressives), Luxembourg (The Greens), Montenegro (United Reform Action) and Scotland (Scottish Greens).

Representation

The table below shows the results of the Greens for the six direct elections to the European Parliament, in terms of seats and votes. It also shows how many European Commissioners the European Greens have, who led the parliamentary group. It also lists how the Green parliamentary group and supra-national organisations was named and what European parliamentary group they joined.

Year MEPs MEPs % Votes % EC Leaders EP Subgroup EP group Organization
1979 0 0 2.4% 0 none none none Coordination of European Green and Radical Parties
1984 11 2.5% 4.2% 0 Friedrich-Wilhelm Graefe zu Baringdorf (1984–86),
Bram van der Lek (1984–86),
Brigitte Heinrich (1986),
François Roelants du Vivier (1986),
Frank Schwalba-Hoth (1986–87),
Paul Staes (1987–88),
Wilfried Telkämper (1987–89)
Green Alternative European Link Rainbow Group European Green Coordination
1989 25 4.8% 7.4% 0 Maria Amelia Santos (1989–90),
Alexander Langer (1990),
Adelaide Aglietta (1990–94),
Paul Lannoye (1990–94)
Green Group in the European Parliament European Green Coordination
1994 21 3.7% 7.4% 0 Claudia Roth (1994–98),
Alexander Langer (1994–95),
Magda Aelvoet (1997–99)
Green Group in the European Parliament European Federation of Green Parties
1999 38 6.1% 7.7% 1 Heidi Hautala (1999–2002),
Paul Lannoye (1999–2002),
Monica Frassoni (2002–04),
Daniel Cohn-Bendit (2002–04)
European Greens Greens–European Free Alliance European Federation of Green Parties
2004 35 4.8% 7.3% 0 Monica Frassoni (2004–09),
Daniel Cohn-Bendit (2004–09)
European Greens Greens–European Free Alliance European Green Party
2009 48 6.2% 7.3% 0 Rebecca Harms (2009–14),
Daniel Cohn-Bendit (2009–14)
European Greens Greens–European Free Alliance European Green Party
2014 50 6.7% 7.3% 0 Rebecca Harms (2014–2016),
Ska Keller (2017– ),
Philippe Lamberts (2014– )
European Greens Greens–European Free Alliance European Green Party
2019 67 11.4% 10.0% 0 Ska Keller and Bas Eickhout European Greens Greens-EFA European Green Party

Organisational structure

Ulrike Lunacek, ex vice-president of the European Parliament and Michaele Schreyer, the only Green European Commission member so far

The European Green Party is a European political party, constituted out of political parties from European countries. Parties can also become associate members. Members of the Greens/EFA group in the European Parliament not belonging to a member party can be admitted as a special member with speaking rights but no vote.

Alice Bah Kuhnke, Deputy chairwoman of the Greens–European Free Alliance (Greens/EFA) group in the European Parliament.

The governing bodies of the EGP are the Council and the Committee.

  • The Council takes place twice a year and is the main decision-making body of the European Greens and consists of delegates of member parties. During Councils, delegates from European Greens parties set a common political direction, linked to the development of the European project and its values. They do so by debating and vote on resolutions on key issues in Europe. Delegates are allotted based on their most recent European or national election results. Each party has at least two delegates. consists of delegates of member parties. These are allotted on the basis of their most recent European or national election results. Each party has at least two delegates.
  • The Committee consists of nine members, including two Co-Chairs (one man and one woman), a Secretary General and a Treasurer. They are responsible for daily political affairs, execution of the Council's decisions and the activities of the EGP office and staff. Co-Chairs Thomas Waitz and Mélanie Vogel, Secretary General Benedetta De Marte, Treasurer Ute Michel, and Committee Members Vula Tsetsi, Sibylle Steffan, Małgorzata Tracz, Rasmus Nordqvist and Mina Jack Tolu were elected at the 35th European Green Party in Riga, Latvia. The EGP has had several Co-Chairs.

Co-chairs of the European Greens

Mandate Co-chairs Member party Years Secretary General Council election
May 2022 – France Mélanie Vogel EELV 05/2022 – Present Belgium Benedetta De Marte Riga,  Latvia, November 2022
Austria Thomas Waitz Die Grünen 05/2022 – Present
Nov 2019 – May 2022 Belgium Evelyne Huytebroeck Ecolo 11/2019 – 05/2022 Spain Mar Garcia Tampere,  Finland, November 2019
Austria Thomas Waitz Die Grünen 11/2019 – 05/2022
Nov 2015 – Nov 2019 Italy Monica Frassoni Federazione dei Verdi 11/2015 – 11/2019 Spain Mar Garcia Lyon,  France, November 2015
Germany Reinhard Bütikofer Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen 11/2015 – 11/2019
Nov 2012 – Nov 2015 Italy Monica Frassoni Federazione dei Verdi 11/2012 – 11/2015 Netherlands Jacqueline Cremers (until end 2014)

Spain Mar Garcia (from January 2015)

Athens,  Greece, November 2012
Germany Reinhard Bütikofer Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen 11/2012 – 11/2015
Oct 2009 – Nov 2012 Italy Monica Frassoni Federazione dei Verdi 10/2009 – 11/2012 Netherlands Jacqueline Cremers Malmö,  Sweden, October 2009
Belgium Philippe Lamberts Ecolo 10/2009 – 11/2012
May 2006 – Oct 2009 Austria Ulrike Lunacek Die Grünen 05/2006 – 10/2009 Germany Juan Behrend Helsinki,  Finland, May 2006
Belgium Philippe Lamberts Ecolo 05/2006 – 10/2009
May 2003 – May 2006 Italy Grazia Francescato Federazione dei Verdi 05/2003 – 05/2006 Malta Arnold Cassola Saint Andrews,  Malta, May 2003
Finland Pekka Haavisto Vihreä Liitto 05/2003 – 05/2006
  • The Congress is an enlarged meeting of the Council which is convened by the Council at least once every 5 years and hosts more delegates.

Networks

The EGP hosts a collection of networks that have specific special interest focus, including:

 States with member parties
 States with associate parties
 States with candidate parties

Guidelines

Charter

According to its charter, the European Greens is working towards a just and sustainable transition towards societies "respectful of human rights and built upon the values of environmental responsibility, freedom, justice, diversity and non-violence". The charter’s guiding principles provide a framework for the political actions taken by member parties.  

The priorities outlined in the charter include protecting human health and wellbeing, maintaining biological diversity, combatting global warming, transitioning to a just and sustainable economy, strengthening inclusive democracies, safeguarding diversity, and ensuring social justice.  

Statutes  

The European Green Party statutes define the party in legal terms.

Membership

Full members

Country Name MEPs National MPs Government status
 Albania Green Party of Albania Not in EU
0 / 140
Extra-parliamentary
 Austria The Greens – The Green Alternative
3 / 18
26 / 183
Government
 Belgium  Flemish Groen
1 / 12
8 / 102
Government
 French
 German
Ecolo
2 / 9
13 / 63
Government
 Bulgaria Green Movement
0 / 17
3 / 240
Government
 Cyprus Movement of Ecologists – Citizens' Cooperation
0 / 6
3 / 56
Opposition
 Czech Republic Green Party
0 / 22
0 / 200
Extra-parliamentary
 Denmark Green Left
2 / 13
15 / 179
Opposition
 Estonia Estonian Greens
0 / 7
0 / 101
Extra-parliamentary
 Finland Green League
3 / 14
13 / 200
Opposition
 France Europe Ecology – The Greens
11 / 74
16 / 577
Opposition
 Georgia Greens Party of Georgia Not in EU
0 / 150
Extra-parliamentary
 Germany Alliance 90/The Greens
21 / 96
118 / 736
Government
 Greece Ecologist Greens
0 / 21
0 / 300
Extra-parliamentary
 Hungary LMP – Hungary's Green Party
0 / 21
5 / 199
Opposition
 Ireland Green Party
2 / 13
12 / 160
Government
 Italy Green Europe
0 / 76
6 / 400
Opposition
 South Tyrol Greens
0 / 76
0 / 400
Extra-parliamentary
 Latvia The Progressives
0 / 8
10 / 100
Government
 Luxembourg The Greens
1 / 6
4 / 60
Government
 Malta AD+PD
0 / 6
0 / 79
Extra-parliamentary
 Moldova Ecologist Green Party Not in EU
0 / 101
Extra-parliamentary
 Montenegro United Reform Action Not in EU
4 / 81
Government
 Netherlands GroenLinks
3 / 26
8 / 150
Opposition
 North Macedonia Democratic Renewal of Macedonia Not in EU
1 / 120
Confidence and supply
 Norway Green Party Not in EU
3 / 169
Opposition
 Poland The Greens
1 / 51
3 / 460
Opposition
 Portugal LIVRE
0 / 21
1 / 230
Opposition
Ecologist Party "The Greens"
0 / 21
0 / 230
Extra-parliamentary
 Romania Green Party
0 / 32
0 / 330
Extra-parliamentary
 Slovenia Youth Party – European Greens
0 / 8
0 / 90
Extra-parliamentary
 Spain Greens Equo
0 / 54
0 / 350
Extra-parliamentary
 Catalonia Green Left
1 / 54
2 / 48
Government
 Sweden Green Party
3 / 20
18 / 349
Opposition
  Switzerland Green Party of Switzerland Not in EU
28 / 200
Opposition
 Ukraine Party of Greens of Ukraine Not in EU
0 / 450
Extra-parliamentary
 United Kingdom  England
 Wales
Green Party of England and Wales Not in EU
1 / 573
Opposition
 Scotland Scottish Greens
0 / 59
Extra-parliamentary
Northern Ireland Green Party in Northern Ireland
0 / 18
Extra-parliamentary
sources

Associate members

Country Name MEPs National MPs Government status
 Azerbaijan Azerbaijan Green Party Not in EU
0 / 125
Extra-parliamentary
 Croatia Green Alternative – Sustainable Development of Croatia
0 / 11
0 / 151
Extra-parliamentary
 Finland  Åland Sustainable Initiative
0 / 13
0 / 1
Extra-parliamentary
 Hungary Dialogue – The Greens' Party
0 / 21
6 / 199
Opposition
 Portugal People-Animals-Nature
0 / 21
1 / 230
Opposition
 Russia Union of Greens of Russia Not in EU
0 / 450
Extra-parliamentary
 Slovenia Vesna – Green Party
0 / 8
0 / 90
Extra-parliamentary
 Spain  Catalonia Catalunya en Comú
1 / 59
5 / 48
Government
 Turkey Green Left Party Not in EU
55 / 600
Opposition
sources

Former members

Country Year left Name MEPs (current) National MPs (current)
 Belarus 2023 Belarusian Green Party n/a – defunct
 Denmark 2012 De Grønne n/a – defunct
 Hungary 2015 Green Left n/a – defunct
 Latvia 2019 Latvian Green Party
4 / 100
 Netherlands 2017 The Greens -
 Russia 2016 Green Alternative Not in EU -
 Spain 2012 Confederation of the Greens

Ideology and positions

The European Greens have committed themselves to the basic tenets of Green politics, such as environmental responsibility, individual freedom, inclusive democracy, diversity, social justice, gender equality, global sustainable development and non-violence.

The European Greens was the first European political party to form, signalling its commitment to the European project. In its charter, it nevertheless affirms that the political party is working to make the European Union more just, democratic and inclusive.  

European election campaigns

Manifestos

2019: Time to renew the promise of Europe.  

2014: Change Europe, Vote Green.  

2009: A Green New Deal for Europe.

2004: Europe Can Do Better. You Decide!

1999: A Common Green Manifesto for the 1999 European Elections.

1994: Election Platform – Green Parties of the EU.

Results

The candidates for the 2019 European Parliament election were Ska Keller and Bas Eickhout, who campaigned for climate protection, a social Europe, more democracy and stronger rule of law. That year, the Greens made the strongest ever showing across Europe, in part due to rising public awareness about climate change and the impact of youth movements for climate. The strongest surge was in Germany as Alliance 90/The Greens replaced the centre-left Social Democratic Party of Germany as the second-strongest party. The Greens/EFA group in the European Parliament obtained 74 seats in total. The Greens' results signified a new balance of power as the European People's Party (EPP) and the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S&D) lost their majority.

In the 2014 European Parliament election the Green candidates were José Bové and Ska Keller. These elections marked the first time there were primaries including Spitzenkandidaten at the European elections, which allows Europeans to not only vote for who should represent them in the European Parliament, but also help to decide who should lead the European Commission. In May they presented a common programme including the Green New Deal at the launch of the European Greens' campaign which called for "a new direction of economic policy aimed at reducing our carbon footprint and improving our quality of life". The slogan of the campaign was 'Change Europe, vote Green'. The Greens/EFA group in the European Parliament obtained 50 seats in total.

In the 2009 European Parliament election, even though the European Parliament was reduced in size, the European Greens' member parties won 46 seats, the best result of the Green Parties in 30 years. The Greens/EFA group in the European Parliament secured 55 seats in total.

In the 2004 European Parliament election, member parties won 35 Seats and the Greens/EFA group in the European Parliament secured 43 in total.

Green representation

European institutions

Organisation Institution Number of seats
 European Union European Commission
0 / 28
European Council
(Heads of Government)
0 / 28
Council of the European Union
(Participation in Government)
7 / 27
European Parliament
52 / 751
 Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly
3 / 318

Election results

Country Name Votes Total Last EU election Votes Total Last national election Government status
 Austria The Greens – The Green Alternative 532,193 3,834,662 14.1% 664,055 4,835,469 13.9% Government
 Belgium  Flemish Groen 525,908 6,732,157 7.8% 413,836 6,780,538 6.1% Government
 French
 German
Ecolo 492,330 7.2% 416,452 6.1% Government
 Bulgaria The Greens EPP 2,015,320 6.1% EPP 2,658,548 6.3% Opposition
 Cyprus Movement of Ecologists – Citizens' Cooperation 9,232 280,935 3.3% 15,762 357,712 4.4% Opposition
 Czech Republic Green Party 0 2,370,765 did not compete 53,343 5,375,090 1.0% Extra-parliamentary
 Denmark Socialist People's Party 364,895 2.758.855 13.2% 272,304 3,569,521 7.7% Confidence and supply
 Estonia Estonian Greens 5,824 332,104 1.8% 10,226 561,131 1.8% Extra-parliamentary
 Finland Green League 292,892 1,830,045 16.0% 354,194 3,081,916 11.5% Government
 France Europe Ecology – The Greens 3,055,023 22,654,164 13.5% 973,527 22,655,174 4.3% Opposition
 Germany Alliance 90/The Greens 7,677,071 37,396,889 20.5% 6,852,206 46,442,023 14.8% Government
 Greece Ecologist Greens 49,099 5,656,122 0.9% 0 5,769,542 did not compete Extra-parliamentary
 Hungary LMP – Hungary's Green Party 75,498 3,470,257 2.2% 404,429 5,732,283 7.1% Opposition
 Ireland Green Party 190,755 1,678,003 11.4% 155,695 2,183,489 7.1% Government
 Italy Green Europe 621,492 26,783,732 2.3% 1.071.663 29,172,085 3.6% Opposition
 South Tyrol Extra-parliamentary
 Luxembourg The Greens 39.535 217,086 18.9% 32.177 216,177 15.1% Government
 Malta AD+PD 7,142 260,212 did not compete 0 310,665 did not compete Extra-parliamentary
 Netherlands GroenLinks 599,283 5,497,813 10.9% 537,584 10,422,852 5.2% TBD (Election)
 Poland The Greens EPP 13,647,311 38.5% EPP 18,470,710 27.4% Opposition
 Portugal Ecologist Party "The Greens" LEFT 3,314,414 6.9% LEFT 5,340,890 6.3% Opposition
LIVRE 60,575 3,084,505 1.8% 5,417,715 71,232 1.3%
 Romania Green Party 0 9,069,822 did not compete 23,085 5,908,331 0.4% Extra-parliamentary
 Slovenia Youth Party – European Greens 0 482,075 did not compete 0 891,097 did not compete Extra-parliamentary
 Spain Equo 0 22,426,066 did not compete 582,306 24,258,228 2.4% Confidence and supply
 Catalonia Esquerra Verda LEFT Run with UP 0 did not compete Government
Catalunya en Comú LEFT Run with UP LEFT Run with UP Government
 Sweden Green Party 478,258 4,151,470 11.5% 285,899 6,535,271 4.4% Government
European Greens 15.016.430 176.860.279 8,49% 12.047.080 212.120.443 5,67%

Partnerships

See also


This page was last updated at 2023-12-10 03:15 UTC. Update now. View original page.

All our content comes from Wikipedia and under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.


Top

If mathematical, chemical, physical and other formulas are not displayed correctly on this page, please useFirefox or Safari