Greens–European Free Alliance

The Greens/European
Free Alliance
European Parliament group
NameThe Greens/European Free Alliance
English abbr.Greens/EFA
French abbr.Verts/ALE
Formal nameParliamentary Group of The Greens/European Free Alliance in the European Parliament
IdeologyGreen politics
Regionalism
Minority politics
Pro-Europeanism
Political positionCentre-left to left-wing
European partiesEGP
EFA
PIRATES
Volt
From1999; 25 years ago (1999)
Preceded byThe Green Group
European Radical Alliance
Chaired byPhilippe Lamberts
Terry Reintke
MEP(s)
72 / 705
Websitegreens-efa.eu

The Greens/European Free Alliance (Greens/EFA) is a political group of the European Parliament composed primarily of green and regionalist political parties.

Formed following the 1999 European elections for the 5th European Parliament, the Greens/EFA group now consists of five distinct European political parties, namely the larger European Green Party (EGP) and part of the European Free Alliance (EFA) and the smaller European Pirate Party (PPEU), Volt Europa (Volt), and part of Animal Politics EU (APEU). The EFA consists of parties representing stateless nations, regionalist and minority political interests. The group has generally limited its membership to progressive parties. These European parties are joined by MEPs from non-aligned national parties, which have included the Dutch Europe Transparent (2004–2009) and the Swedish (2009–2014), German (2014–) and Czech (2019–) Pirate Parties.

Group members

9th European Parliament

Greens–European Free Alliance has MEPs in 15 member states. Dark green indicates member states sending multiple MEPs, light green indicates member states sending a single MEP.
Virginijus Sinkevičius, European Commissioner from Lithuania.
Czech Pirate Party members of the Greens/EFA Markéta Gregorová and Marcel Kolaja
State National party European party MEPs
Austria Austria The Greens – The Green Alternative
Die Grünen – Die Grüne Alternative (Grüne)
EGP               
3 / 19
Belgium Belgium Ecolo EGP
2 / 8
Green
Groen
EGP
1 / 12
Czech Republic Czech Republic Czech Pirate Party
Česká pirátská strana (Piráti)
PPEU
3 / 21
Denmark Denmark Green Left
Socialistisk Folkeparti (SF)
EGP
2 / 14
Finland Finland Green League
Vihreä liitto (Vihr.)
EGP
3 / 14
France France Europe Ecology – The Greens
Europe Écologie Les Verts (EELV)
EGP
10 / 79
Let's Do Corsica
Femu a Corsica (FaC)
EFA individual member
1 / 79
Breton Democratic Union
Unvaniezh Demokratel Breizh (UDB)
EFA
1 / 79
Germany Germany Alliance 90/The Greens
Bündnis 90/Die Grünen (Grüne)
EGP
21 / 96
Ecological Democratic Party
Ökologisch-Demokratische Partei (ÖDP)
EFA individual member
1 / 96
Pirate Party Germany
Piratenpartei Deutschland (Piraten)
PPEU
1 / 96
Volt Germany
Volt Deutschland
Volt
1 / 96
Independent
Nico Semsrott
Independent
1 / 96
Greece Greece Independent
Petros Kokkalis
Independent
1 / 21
 Italy Territorial Equity Movement
Movimento Equità Territoriale (MET)
EFA individual member
1 / 76
Independents
Ignazio Corrao, Rosa D'Amato
Independent
2 / 76
Republic of Ireland Ireland Green Party
Comhaontas Glas
EGP
2 / 13
Lithuania Lithuania Lithuanian Farmers and Greens Union
Lietuvos valstiečių ir žaliųjų sąjunga (LVŽS)
None
2 / 11
Luxembourg Luxembourg The Greens
Déi Gréng (DG)
EGP
1 / 6
Netherlands Netherlands GreenLeft
GroenLinks (GL)
EGP
3 / 29
Poland Poland Independent
Sylwia Spurek
Independent
1 / 52
Portugal Portugal Independent
Francisco Guerreiro
Independent
1 / 21
Romania Romania Independent
Nicolae Ștefănuță
Independent
1 / 33
Spain Spain Republican Left of Catalonia
Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya (ERC)
EFA
2 / 59
Galician Nationalist Bloc
Bloque Nacionalista Galego (BNG)
EFA
1 / 59
Sweden Sweden Green Party
Miljöpartiet de gröna (MP)
EGP
3 / 21
 European Union Total
72 / 705

8th European Parliament

State National party European party MEPs 2014
Austria Austria The Greens – The Green Alternative EGP
3 / 18
Belgium Belgium Ecolo EGP
1 / 21
Green EGP
1 / 21
Croatia Croatia ORaH EGP
1 / 11
Denmark Denmark Socialist People's Party EGP
1 / 13
Estonia Estonia Indrek Tarand (independent) Independent
1 / 6
Finland Finland Green League EGP
1 / 13
France France Europe Ecology – The Greens EGP
6 / 74
Germany Germany Alliance '90/The Greens EGP
11 / 96
Pirate Party PPEU
1 / 96
Ecological Democratic Party None
1 / 96
Hungary Hungary Politics Can Be Different EGP
1 / 21
Dialogue for Hungary None
1 / 21
Italy Italy Federation of the Greens EGP
1 / 73
Latvia Latvia Latvian Russian Union EFA
1 / 8
Lithuania Lithuania Lithuanian Farmers and Greens Union None
1 / 11
Luxembourg Luxembourg The Greens EGP
1 / 6
Netherlands Netherlands GreenLeft EGP
2 / 26
Spain Spain Republican Left of Catalonia EFA
1 / 54
Initiative for Catalonia Greens EGP
1 / 54
Coalició Compromís EFA
1 / 54
New Catalan Left EFA
1 / 54
Slovenia Slovenia Verjamem None
1 / 8
Sweden Sweden Green Party EGP
4 / 20
United Kingdom United Kingdom Green Party of England and Wales EGP
3 / 73
Scottish National Party EFA
2 / 73
Plaid Cymru – Party of Wales EFA
1 / 73
 European Union
Total
52 / 751

7th European Parliament

State National party European party MEPs 2009
Austria Austria The Greens – The Green Alternative EGP
2 / 19
Belgium Belgium Ecolo EGP
2 / 22
Green EGP
1 / 22
New Flemish Alliance EFA
1 / 22
Denmark Denmark Socialist People's Party EGP
1 / 13
Estonia Estonia Indrek Tarand (independent) Independent
1 / 6
Finland Finland Green League EGP
2 / 13
France France Europe Ecology – The Greens EGP
15 / 74
Party of the Corsican Nation EFA
1 / 72
Germany Germany Alliance '90/The Greens EGP
14 / 99
Greece Greece Ecologist Greens EGP
1 / 22
Latvia Latvia Latvian Russian Union EFA
1 / 9
Luxembourg Luxembourg The Greens EGP
1 / 6
Netherlands Netherlands GreenLeft EGP
3 / 26
Spain Spain Republican Left of Catalonia EFA
1 / 54
Initiative for Catalonia Greens EGP
1 / 54
Sweden Sweden Green Party EGP
2 / 20
Pirate Party PPEU
2 / 20
United Kingdom United Kingdom Green Party of England and Wales EGP
2 / 73
Scottish National Party EFA
2 / 73
Plaid Cymru – Party of Wales EFA
1 / 73
 European Union
Total
55 / 751

6th European Parliament

State National party European party MEPs 2004
Austria Austria The Greens – The Green Alternative EGP
2 / 19
Belgium Belgium Ecolo EGP
1 / 24
Green EGP
1 / 24
Denmark Denmark Socialist People's Party EGP
1 / 14
Finland Finland Green League EGP
1 / 14
France France Europe Ecology – The Greens EGP
6 / 78
Party of the Corsican Nation EFA
1 / 78
Germany Germany Alliance '90/The Greens EGP
13 / 99
Italy Italy Federation of the Greens EGP
2 / 78
Latvia Latvia Latvian Russian Union EFA
1 / 9
Luxembourg Luxembourg The Greens EGP
1 / 6
Netherlands Netherlands GreenLeft EGP
2 / 23
Europe Transparent None
2 / 23
Romania Romania László Tőkés (independent) Independent
1 / 35
Spain Spain Republican Left of Catalonia EFA
1 / 54
Initiative for Catalonia Greens EGP
1 / 54
Sweden Sweden Green Party EGP
1 / 19
United Kingdom United Kingdom Green Party of England and Wales EGP
2 / 78
Scottish National Party EFA
2 / 78
Plaid Cymru – Party of Wales EFA
1 / 78
 European Union
Total
42 / 751
  1. ^ From 20 April 2016 the MEP Davor Škrlec become independent
  2. ^ a b c For 2019 it include Benoît Biteau, an independent politician
  3. ^ a b c Until 31 December 2011.
  4. ^ From 2004 to 2009 with EPP-ED and from 2014 with ECR
  5. ^ Realigned with the EPP since 2009

Group presidents

The Greens/EFA group is usually co-chaired by 2 presidents, at least one of them must be a woman.

Co-chairperson Took office Left office Country
(Constituency)
Party Co-chairperson Took office Left office Country
(Constituency)
Party
Paul Lannoye 1999 2004  Belgium
(French)

Ecolo
Heidi Hautala 1999 2004  Finland
Green League
Daniel Cohn-Bendit 2004 2014  Germany
Alliance 90/
The Greens
Monica Frassoni 2004 2009  Italy
(North-West)

Federation of the Greens
Rebecca Harms 2009 2016  Germany
Alliance 90/
The Greens
Philippe Lamberts 2014 present  Belgium
(French)

Ecolo
Ska Keller 2016 2022  Germany
Alliance 90/
The Greens
Terry Reintke 2022 present  Germany
Alliance 90/
The Greens

European Parliament results

Election year No. of
overall seats won
+/–
1999
48 / 626
Increase 48
2004
42 / 732
Decrease 6
2009
55 / 736
Increase 13
2014
50 / 751
Decrease 5
2019 (pre-Brexit)
74 / 751
Increase 24
2019 (post-Brexit)
69 / 705
Decrease 5

This page was last updated at 2024-02-22 04:02 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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