Guy de Bourgogne

This article is about Cardinal Guy de Bourgogne (d. 1272), not Archbishop Guy de Bourgogne, who became Pope Calixtus II (d. 1124).

Guy de Bourgogne, O.Cist. (born in Burgundy,[1] date unknown; died in Rome, 20 May 1272), was a French monk, Abbot, and Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.

Guy was Abbot of Cîteaux from 1257 or 1258 until 1262.[2] There was evidently some considerable tension in the Abbey during his administration, including a body of dissident monks. Pope Alexander IV was forced to intervene. In a letter of 13 June 1260, for the sake of peace in the monastery and so that monastic unity not be destroyed, the Pope said, he forbade members of the Order to make appeals outside of their Order whenever faced with some difficulty or other which might compromise the rigor of the observance.[3] Considering the papal letter, the appeals must have been to the Pope himself. One of the irritants was the work of Etienne de Lexington, Abbot of Clairvaux (1243-ca. 1255), who, following the lead of his predecessor, had established a college in Paris, the Couvent des Bernardins or du Chardonnet, for the education of Cistercian monks. This educational ambition was a departure from the original rigor of the Cistercian rule.[4] It is said that Abbot Guy de Bourgogne had Abbot Etienne deposed.[5]

Guy de Bourgogne was created a Cardinal by Pope Urban IV in a Consistory held on 20 May 1262, and named Cardinal Priest of San Lorenzo in Lucina.[6]

Cardinal Guy was appointed Apostolic Legate in Denmark, Sweden, Bremen, Magdeburg, Gniezno, and Salzburg on 8 June 1265.[7] In 1266 he held a synod at Bremen with Archbishop Hildebold. proceed to a synod in Magdeburg.[8] He then arrived in Denmark, still in 1266, where his task was to compose the differences between King Erik V, the Queen Mother Margaret Sambiria, Archbishop Jakob Erlandsen of Lund who had been exiled to Germany, and the nobility, instigated by Duke Valdemar of Jutland. Pope Urban IV had sided with the bishops against the King. Cardinal Guy summoned the king to a meeting, but, justifiably pleading the lack of security, the King refused to attend, and appealed directly to the Pope. Cardinal Guy then travelled to Lübeck, where he met with the Archbishop and several other exiled bishops. Obtaining no satisfaction from the Legate, Archbishop Erlandsen travelled to Viterbo to deal directly with the new Pope, Clement IV; he never returned to Denmark.[9] Cardinal Guy then visited Sweden, where he granted an indulgence to the Cistercian abbey church of Nydala.[10] He celebrated a synod at Vienna on 10 May 1267, attended by six bishops and many other prelates, in which, among other things, he attempted once again to demand clerical celibacy and the separation of clerics from their wives and concubines.[11] He visited Kraków beginning on 28 June 1267. He celebrated another synod at Bratislava in Hungary, attended by eight bishops, in the same year. He preached the Holy Land Crusade.[12] He was recalled by Pope Clement IV in a letter of 8 May 1267.[13] and again in late October, 1267.[14] Pope Clement wrote to him on October 26/27, 1267, that he was sending a legate to replace him, though travel was being blocked by Conradin; as soon as the legate arrives, he is to return to Viterbo.[15] Salvador Miranda states that "he celebrated a synod in Breslau on February 2, 1268."[16] A subscription of Cardinal Guy, however, indicates that he was back in Viterbo on 28 February 1268.[17] The correct date for the synod is probably in 1267, not 1268, especially considering Pope Clement's repeated letters of May and October, 1267.

Cardinal Gui took part in the very long Election of 1268—1271 at Viterbo, following the death of Clement IV, which came to be known as the first conclave.[18] He signed the letter of protest, as did all of the Cardinals, on 20 August 1270, which required the Podestà and the people of Viterbo to swear not to molest the Cardinals or the members of their entourages.[19] In the last stage of the negotiations, he was one of the six cardinals elected to the Commission of Compromise,[20] who finally, on 1 September 1271, chose Teobaldo Visconti, Archdeacon of Liège and Papal Legate in the Holy Land. He subscribed the Electoral Manifesto.[21] Teobaldo arrived in Italy in January, 1272, and was ordained to the priesthood in Rome on 19 March, and consecrated and crowned on 27 March 1272.[22]

Cardinal Guy de Bourgogne died less than two months later, on 20 May 1272.[23]


  1. ^ Cardella, p. 305.
  2. ^ Monks of the Benedictine Congregation of S. Maur (editors), Gallia christiana IV (Paris 1728), pp. 996-997.
  3. ^ Augustus Potthast, Regesta pontificum Romanorum II (Berlin 1875), no. 17896. Privileges de l' Ordre de Cisteaux (Paris: Denis Mariette 1713), pp. 374-375.
  4. ^ Jean-Baptiste Crevier, Histoire de l' Université de Paris I (Paris 1761), pp. 490-492. Histoire littéraire de la France: suite de treizième siécle, années 1256-1285 Volume 19 (Paris 1838), pp. 13-14. Bernard Plongeron and Luce Pietri, Le Diocèse de Paris: Des origines à la Révolution (Paris: Editions Beauchesne, 1987), pp. 147-148.
  5. ^ Privileges de l' Ordre de Cisteaux (Paris: Denis Mariette 1713), pp. 374-375.
  6. ^ Conradus Eubel, Hierarchia catholica I, editio altera (Monasterii 1913), p. 8 and p. 43.
  7. ^ E. Jordan, Les Registres de Clément IV (Paris 1893), pp. 23-26, nos. 91-111.
  8. ^ Friedrich Carl von Moser, Geschichte der päbstlichen Nuntien in Deutschland I (Frankfurt und Leipzig 1788), p. 233-234.
  9. ^ Roy, Nouvelle histoire Tome IV, "Guy XXIII. Abbé de Citeaux," pp. 6-14.
  10. ^ Claes Gejrot, Diplomata novevallensia: the Nydala charters 1172-1280 (Stockholm 1994) pp. 30 and 158.
  11. ^ Roy, pp. 15-36.
  12. ^ A. Kollar, Analecta monumentorum omnis aevi Vindoboniensia I (Vindobonae 1761), pp. 3-28. Roy, pp. 37-38.
  13. ^ Clemens IV, Epistles 324 (ed. Matthias Thumser).
  14. ^ Clemens IV, Epistles 396 (ed. Thumser).
  15. ^ Registres de Clément IV no. 1265, p. 415.
  16. ^ Roy, p. 37, notes that it may have been in January, 1238, not February (which was still 1237, in the calendar where New Year's Day is on March 25).
  17. ^ Potthast, no. 20276.
  18. ^ John P. Adams, Sede Vacante of 1268-1271., retrieved 02/02/2016.
  19. ^ Francesco Cristofori (1888). Il conclave del MCCLXX in Viterbo: l'assassinio di Enrico di Cornovaglia da Guido di Monforte, Il processo papale di Lui ed altri documenti inediti relativi al Pontificato di S. Gregorio X. (in Italian and Latin). Roma-Siena-Viterbo: Presso l'autore. pp. 343–344.
  20. ^ conte Francesco Cristofori (1887). Le tombe dei papi in Viterbo a la chiese di S. Maria in Gradi, d[i] S. Francesco e di S. Lorenzo: memorie e documenti della storia medioevale viterbese (in Italian). Siena: Bernadino. pp. 207–208.. Augustinus Theiner (editor), Caesaris S. R. E. Cardinalis Baronii, Od. Raynaldi et Jac. Laderchii Annales Ecclesiastici Tomus 22 (Barri-Ducis: Ludovicus Guerin 1871), under the year 1271, no. 9, p. 259.
  21. ^ Theiner, Caesaris S. R. E. Cardinalis Baronii, Od. Raynaldi et Jac. Laderchii Annales Ecclesiastici Tomus 22 (1871), under the year 1271, no. 8, p. 258.
  22. ^ Potthast, p. 1653.
  23. ^ Eubel, p. 8. Gallia christiana IV (Paris 1728), p. 996, states that Cardinal Guy was present at the Second Council of Lyons, which opened on 1 May 1274, and that he died on 20 May 1274. His name is not on the list of cardinals who attended the Council, however, and there is no record that he died during the Council. Isidorus Carini, "Brevis Historia Concilii Lugdunensis," in Specilegio Vaticano di documenti inediti e rari estratti dagli Archivi e dalla Biblioteca della Sede Apostolica Volume I (Roma: Ermanno Loescher 1890), pp. 250-251


  • Jean Roy, Nouvelle histoire des cardinaux François Tome IV (Paris: Poinçot, 1787).
  • Lorenzo Cardella, Memorie delle cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa I, parte 2 (Roma 1792), pp. 305–307.
  • E. Jordan, "Les promotions de cardinaux sous Urbain IV," Revue d' histoire et de littérature religieuses 5 (1900) 322-334.
  • Ferdinand Gregorovius, History of the City of Rome in the Middle Ages, Volume V. 2, second edition, revised (London: George Bell, 1906).
  • Antonio Franchi, Il conclave di Viterbo (1268-1271) e le sue origini: saggio con documenti inediti (Assisi: Porziuncola, 1993).
  • Gary M. Radke, Viterbo: Profile of a Thirteenth-century Papal Palace (Cambridge University Press 1996).
  • Andreas Fischer, Kardinale im Konklave. Die lange Sedisvakanz der Jahre 1268 bis 1271 (Stuttgart: W. de Gruyter-Max Niemeyer 2008) [Bibliothek des Deutschen Historischen Instituts in Rome, 118].

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