HMS Glenmore (1796)

History
Great Britain
Name: HMS Tweed
Ordered: 24 January 1795
Builder: Woolwich Dockyard (M/shipwright John Tovey)
Laid down: March 1795
Launched: 24 March 1796
Renamed: HMS Glenmore on 30 October 1795
Fate: Sold November 1814
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Amazon-class frigate
Tons burthen: 9258794 (bm)
Length:
  • Overall:143 ft 0 in (43.6 m)
  • Keel:119 ft 6 in (36.4 m)
Beam: 38 ft 2 in (11.6 m)
Depth of hold: 13 ft 6 in (4.1 m)
Crew: 264
Armament:
  • Gundeck:26 × 18-pounder guns
  • QD:8 × 9-pounder guns + 6 × 32-pounder carronades
  • Fc:2 × 12-pounder guns + 2 × 32-pounder carronades

HMS Glenmore was an Amazon-class frigate launched in 1796. She was sold in 1814.

Construction

She and her sister ship Trent were constructed of fir. The motive for the use of pine – an inferior material for shipbuilding[2] – was speed of construction. It was much quicker to build a ship with this material than one of oak; the drawback was that these fir-built ships were less durable than oak-built ships. The two fir-built ships underwent design alterations necessary for fir wood, notably a flat, square tuck stern.

Career

Captain George Duff commissioned Glenmore in April 1796 for the North Sea. She was on the Irish station between 1797 and 1798, and thereafter. In December 1799 Glenmore and Aimable were escorting the West India convoy from Cork. On 17 December they encountered the French frigate Sirène, Citoyen Reignaud, captain, and French corvette Bergère, which were sailing to France from Cayenne. Bergère was carrying Victor Hugues as a passenger. The French vessels had with them the East Indiaman Calcutta, which they had captured the same morning; René Lemarant de Kerdaniel was captain of the prize crew on Calcutta. Glenmore recaptured Calcutta while Aimable engaged Sirène and Bergère. A 35-minute action ensued before the two French vessels departed. Sirène had as prisoners Captain Haggy, Calcutta's master, her first and second mates, and 50 of her lascars and seamen. Calcutta arrived in Plymouth on 12 January 1800.[3][4] On 18 January 50 lascars were landed from Calcutta and taken to China House, which served as a hospital. The lascars were sick and suffering from the cold.[5] Kerdaniel spent four months on a hulk in Chatham, before being sent back to France on parole.

Glenmore returned to Plymouth from Cork on 6 February.[6] six days later she came into Plymouth again and went up the harbour to undergo a refit.[7] She went into dock on 19 March.[8] She sailed again on 10 June.[9] During her refit at Plymouth the naval architect Robert Seppings introduced, as an experiment, diagonal trusses that reduced hogging.[10]

Glenmore captured the French schooner Esperance and recaptured two British merchant vessels, William and Salem.[11] The French privateer Minerve had captured William, LeQuesne, master, as William was sailing from the West Indies to Guernsey. William arrived at Cork.[12]

Glenmore and Hind escorted to Madeira the fleet for the West Indies from Cork and Portsmouth. They left Madeira on 29 October. Glenmore was to continue with the fleet some distance to the southwest before returning to her station.[13]

In January 1801 Captain Duff transferred to the 74-gun third rate ship of the line HMS Courageaux. Captain John Talbot replaced him on Glenmore. Glenmore continued to serve on the Irish station.

On 15 May 1801 Lloyd's List (LL) reported that Glenmore had recaptured two merchant vessels that had fallen prey to the French privateer Braave. One vessel was Camilla, Preston, master, which had been sailing from Grenada to Liverpool. The other was Guiana Planter, Wedge, master, which had been sailing from St Kitts to Portsmouth. Glenmore sent Guiana Planter into Cork.[14]

Braave later captured six more merchant vessels, Victory, Vine, Ann, Urania, Cecilia, and Urania. Braave put all her prisoners on Ann, Silk, master, and let her go. Glenmore recaptured Urania and set off after Braave.[15] Glenmore then recaptured West Indian, Victory, Vine, and Cecilia. They and Urania all arrived at Cork.[16]

In June 1802 Glenmore escorted Engageante, Lieutenant Donocliff, to Plymouth. Engageante had been a hospital and then receiving ship at Cork.[17] Although it was expected that Engageante would be broken up at Plymouth,[17] that did not occur until 1811.

In July 1802 Captain John Maitland replaced Talbot. On 30 July Glenmore sailed in company with Amethyst and Galatea for the Isle of Wight. There they were to pick up Dutch troops to return to Holland.[18]

In December Maitland commissioned HMS Boadicea.

Glenmore was fitted as a receiving ship at Plymouth. She remained there in Ordinary.

Fate

The "Principal Officers and Commissioners of His Majesty's Navy" offered "Glenmore, of 36 guns and 926 tons", lying at Plymouth, for sale on 3 November 1814.[19] She sold there on that date for £1,990.[1]

Citations and references

Citations

  1. ^ a b Winfield (2008), p. 148.
  2. ^ "The Canadian Sea Scout Manual" (PDF). p. 13.
  3. ^ Lloyd's List, №4015.
  4. ^ Naval Chronicle, Vol. 3, p.79.
  5. ^ Naval Chronicle, Vol. 3, p.150.
  6. ^ Naval Chronicle, Vol. 3, p.152.
  7. ^ Naval Chronicle, Vol. 3, p.153.
  8. ^ Naval Chronicle, Vol. 3, p.237.
  9. ^ Naval Chronicle, Vol. 3, p.512.
  10. ^ Stephen (1897), pp. 249–250.
  11. ^ "No. 15290". The London Gazette. 2 September 1800. p. 1012.
  12. ^ Lloyd's List №4067.
  13. ^ Lloyd's List №4112.
  14. ^ LL №4151.
  15. ^ LL №4165.
  16. ^ LL №4166.
  17. ^ a b Naval Chronicle, Vol. 7, p.528.
  18. ^ Naval Chronicle, Vol. 7, p.172.
  19. ^ "No. 16949". The London Gazette. 22 October 1814. p. 2105.

References

  • Stephen, Leslie (1897) Dictionary of National Biography. (Smith, Elder, & Company).
  • Winfield, Rif (2008). British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793–1817: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 1-86176-246-1.

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