House of Representatives (Somaliland)

House of Representatives

Golaha Wakiilada
مجلس النواب

Majlis al-Nuwaab
5th House of Representatives
Type
Type
History
Founded1991
Leadership
Speaker
Yasin Haji Mohamoud, Kulmiye
since 23 July 2023
Structure
Seats82 members
Political groups
Majority (52)

Minority (30)

Length of term
5 years
Elections
Open list proportional representation (regions as constituencies, three party maximum)
Last election
31 May 2021
Next election
2026
Meeting place
Hargeisa
Website
somalilandparliament.net
Footnotes
House of Representatives on Facebook

The House of Representatives (Somali: Golaha Wakiilada, Arabic: مجلس النواب) is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of Somaliland, with the House of Elders being the upper house.

The interim House of Representatives was formed in 1991, and driven by Somali National Movement. Somaliland National Charter of 1993 established bicameral legislature. The current House of Representatives was formed following parliamentary elections held on 29 September 2005, which resulted in a strong combined majority for the opposition Kulmiye and UCID parties. It has a total of 82 members. The latter include the Speaker of the House, Bashe Mohamed Farah. MPs are elected in six multi-member constituencies, using the party-list proportional representation system for a five-year term.

The constitution gives the House broad legislative powers over financial matters. Its most potent check on executive power is its right to approve, reject, or amend the government's annual budget and the right to inspect annual expenditure reports that the executive is obligated to prepare. The formation of the parliament in 2005 was the most important step in establishing a constitutionally-based, democratic governmental system in Somaliland.

Electoral history

2005

No Region UCID Kulmiye UDUB Grand Total File:2005 Somaliland parliamentary election by constituency.svg
1 Sahil 4 2 4 10
2 Awdal 3 3 7 13
3 Sanaag 2 5 5 12
4 Togdheer 4 6 5 15
5 Sool 2 4 6 12
6 Maroodi Jeex 6 8 6 20
21 28 33 82

2021

No Region UCID Kulmiye Waddani Grand Total File:2021 Somaliland parliamentary election by constituency.svg
1 Sahil 3 4 3 10
2 Awdal 3 5 5 13
3 Sanaag 3 4 5 12
4 Togdheer 4 4 7 15
5 Sool 3 5 4 12
6 Maroodi Jeex 5 8 7 20
21 30 31 82

Subcommittees

  • Standing and disciplinary sub-committee
  • Economic, finance and commercial sub-committee
  • Social affairs and religion sub-committee
  • Environment, livestock, agriculture and natural resources sub-committee
  • Internal affairs, security and defence sub-committee
  • Foreign policy, International relation and national planning sub-committee
  • Constitutional, judiciary, justice and Human rights sub-committee
  • Care and protection of public properties sub-committee

List of Parliaments

  • 1st Somaliland Parliament (1991–1993) – Majority party: No Party System
  • 2nd Somaliland Parliament (1993–1997) – Majority party: No Party System
  • 3rd Somaliland Parliament (1997–2005) – Majority party: No Party System
  • 4th Somaliland Parliament (November 2005 – 2021) – Majority party: UDUB (39%), Kulmiye Party (34%)
  • 5th Somaliland Parliament (June 2021–May 2026) – Majority party: Waddani (37.23%)

Speakers

Image Speaker Took office Left office Notes
Ibrahim Megag Samatar 1991 1993
Ahmed Abdi Mohamed, 'Habsade' 1993 1997
Ahmed Muhammad Aden, 'Qaybe' 1997 2005
Abdirahman Mohamed Abdullahi, 'Irro' November 2005 August 2017
Bashe Mohamed Farah August 2017 August 2021
Abdirisak Khalif Ahmed August 2021 June 2023
Yasin Haji Mohamoud 'Faratoon' July 2023

Gallery

See also



This page was last updated at 2024-01-09 00:12 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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