Hubert Markl

Hubert Markl
Hubert Markl.gif
Born
Hubert Simon Markl

(1938-08-17)17 August 1938
Died8 January 2015(2015-01-08) (aged 76)
Konstanz, Germany
NationalityGerman
Alma materLudwig Maximilian University of Munich
Awards
  • Lorenz Oken Medal (1984)
  • Karl Vossler Prize (1985)
  • Arthur Burkhardt Prize (1989)
  • Karl Winnacker Prize (1991)
  • Bundesverdienstkreuz (1992)
  • Ernst Robert Curtius Prize (1995)
  • ForMemRS (2002)
Scientific career
FieldsBiology
Institutions
Websitewww.uni-konstanz.de/FuF/Bio/forsch/zoology/markl

Hubert Simon Markl (17 August 1938 – 8 January 2015) was a German biologist who also served as president of the Max Planck Society from 1996 to 2002.

Early life

Markl was born on 17 August 1938 in Regensburg, Germany. He studied biology, chemistry and geography at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich. He completed his Ph.D. in zoology from the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich in 1962.[citation needed] He did research internships at Harvard University and Rockefeller University in 1965–1966. In 1976 he earned his Habilitation (postdoctoral lecturing qualification) in zoology from the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University Frankfurt am Main.

Academic career and research

From 1968 to 1973 Markl worked as full professor and director of the Zoological Institute at the Darmstadt University of Technology. Since 1974, he has been Professor of Biology at the University of Konstanz.

From 1977 to 1983, he was vice president of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) and from 1986 to 1991, he was president of the DFG. In 1993, he became president of the newly founded Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities (Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften). From 1996 to 2002, he was president of the Max Planck Society.

Markl was known for his work on sensory physiology, social behaviour of animals, nature conservation, and environmental protection. He has also published many books.

Awards and honors

Markl has received many awards and honors for his work.

He received the Lorenz Oken Medal from the Society of German Natural Scientists and Doctors in 1984, the Karl Vossler Prize in 1985, the Arthur Burkhardt Prize in 1989, the Karl Winnacker Prize in 1991, and the Ernst Robert Curtius Prize in 1995, the Bundesverdienstkreuz (officially Verdienstorden der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany) in 1992

He received honorary doctorates from Saarland University in 1992 and the University of Dublin in 1997. He received the Eduard Rhein Ring of Honor from the Eduard Rhein Foundation in 2004.

He was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1985 and the American Philosophical Society in 2000.

He was elected Foreign member of the Royal Society, in 2002. His nomination reads:

Hubert ('Jim') Markl is arguably the most influential figure in European science policy and a key person influencing the relationship between science and society. He has uniquely served as President of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Max Planck Gesellschaft. In these roles he has been an outstanding and bold advocate for scientific research in Germany and throughout Europe. His astute judgement, cogency and intellectual rigour command the respect of all his peers. Markl has also been a leading spokesperson in Germany on difficult issues at the interface between science and society. He has, for example, been an eloquent advocate of stem cell research, speaking out against the political mainstream. He has also striven to expose fully, and acknowledge, the Max Planck Society's responsibility for atrocities committed by Kaiser Wilhelm Gesellschaft scientists during the Nazi era. His occupancy of the two most senior positions in German science policy, of course, derives from his earlier substantial scientific contributions to the emerging discipline of behavioural ecology, as well as his books on science, society and culture.


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