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Bawean deer close.jpg
A Bawean deer
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Cervidae
Subfamily: Cervinae
Genus: Hyelaphus

Hyelaphus annamiticus
Hyelaphus calamianensis
Hyelaphus kuhlii
Hyelaphus porcinus

Hyelaphus (golden deer or hog deer) is a genus of relatively small deer found in South and Southeast Asia. The four species are all threatened, and two species are restricted to a few small islands. Originally considered a subgenus of Axis, genetic evidence indicates that Hyelaphus is closer to the genus Rusa than Axis. Consequently, Hyelaphus was elevated to genus status, leaving the chital as the only member of Axis.[1][2]


Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
YT 2836 水鹿 (38004783842).jpg Hyelaphus annamiticus Indochinese hog deer Cambodia, Laos, China, and Vietnam
Axis calamianensis.jpg Hyelaphus calamianensis Calamian hog deer Calamian Islands of Palawan province in the Philippines
Adult male Bawean deer Axis kuhlii.JPG Hyelaphus kuhlii Bawean deer island of Bawean (Gresik Regency) in Indonesia
Hog deer in Terai grassland.JPG Hyelaphus porcinus Indian hog deer Pakistan, northern India, Nepal, Bangladesh, southwestern Yunnan Province in China, western Thailand


  1. ^ Pitraa, Fickela, Meijaard, Groves (2004). Evolution and phylogeny of old world deer. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 33: 880–895.
  2. ^ Groves (2006). The genus Cervus in eastern Eurasia. European Journal of Wildlife Research 52: 14-22.

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