Ibn al-Wafid

Ibn al-Wāfid
ابن الوافد
Toledo, Spain, now Province of Toledo, Spain
Died1074 (aged 65-66)
OccupationPharmacologist, Physician, Vizir of Al-Mamun of Toledo
Notable worksKitāb al-adwiya al-mufrada
كتاب الأدوية المفردة

ʿAlī ibn al-Ḥusayn ibn al-Wāfid al-Lakhmī (Arabic: علي بن الحسين بن الوافد اللخمي) (c. 1008 – 1074), known in Latin Europe as Abenguefith, was an Andalusian Arab pharmacologist and physician from Toledo. He was the vizier of Al-Mamun of Toledo. His main work is Kitāb al-adwiya al-mufrada (كتاب الأدوية المفردة, translated into Latin as De medicamentis simplicibus).

Ibn al-Wafid was mainly a pharmacist in Toledo, and he used the techniques and methods available in alchemy to extract at least 520 different kinds of medicines from various plants and herbs.

His student Ali Ibn al-Lukuh was the author of ʿUmdat al-Ṭabīb fī Maʿrifat al-Nabāt li kulli Labīb, a famous botanical dictionary.

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