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June 2022 Afghanistan earthquake

June 2022 Afghanistan earthquake
June 2022 Afghanistan earthquake is located in Afghanistan
June 2022 Afghanistan earthquake
June 2022 Afghanistan earthquake is located in Pakistan
June 2022 Afghanistan earthquake
UTC time2022-06-21 21:54:36
USGS-ANSSComCat
Local date22 June 2022 (2022-06-22)
Local time02:24 (UTC+4:30)
Magnitude6.2 Mw
5.9 Mwb
Depth10.0 km (6.2 mi)
Epicenter33°05′31″N 69°30′50″E / 33.092°N 69.514°E / 33.092; 69.514Coordinates: 33°05′31″N 69°30′50″E / 33.092°N 69.514°E / 33.092; 69.514
TypeStrike-slip
Max. intensityVII (Very strong)
Casualties1,000+ dead, 1,500+ injured

An earthquake measuring moment magnitude (Mw ) 6.2 struck the Durand Line, between Afghanistan and Pakistan on 22 June 2022 at 02:24 Afghanistan Time (UTC+4:30). The earthquake destroyed hundreds of houses in Afghanistan. According to the United States Geological Survey, the earthquake measured Mwb  5.9 and occurred at a depth of 10 km (6.2 mi). It was felt in the southern parts of India and Pakistan's capital Islamabad and eastern Punjab province. Some factors led to a disproportionate number of casualties for the moderate size of the shock, with at least 1,000 people dead and 1,500 injured.

Tectonic setting

Much of Afghanistan is situated in a broad zone of continental deformation within the Eurasian Plate. Seismic activity in Afghanistan is influenced by the subduction of the Arabian Plate to the west and the oblique subduction of the Indian Plate in the east. The subduction rate of the Indian Plate along the continental convergent boundary is estimated to be 39 mm/yr or higher. Transpression due to the plates interacting is associated with high seismicity within the shallow crust. Seismicity is detectable to a depth of 300 km (190 mi) beneath Afghanistan due to plate subduction. The Chaman Fault is a major transform fault associated with large shallow earthquakes that forms the transpressional boundary between the Eurasian and Indian Plates. This zone consists of seismically active thrust and strike-slip faults. This earthquake is about 500 km (310 mi) north-northeast of a deadly magnitude 6.4 earthquake that occurred on 10 October 2008 in western Pakistan that killed 166 people and destroyed several villages from triggered landslides.

Earthquake

The earthquake was the result of shallow strike-slip faulting. Initially reported as a magnitude 6.1 event by the USGS at the depth of 51 kilometers, it was later revised to 5.9. The United States Geological Survey said that it occurred along either a northeast-striking left-lateral fault or northwest-striking right-lateral fault. The GEOSCOPE Observatory reported the earthquake at a magnitude of 6.2 Mw  at a depth of 6 km (3.7 mi). The agency stated proposed two fault solutions. The first was a south-southwest–north-northeast striking, 70° west–northwest dipping left-lateral fault. A second solution is on a west-northwest–east-southeast trending, near-vertical, right-lateral fault. The European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC) reported the magnitude as 6.1 Mw .

Impact

Afghanistan

Officials confirmed that earthquake resulted in a total of at least 1,000 deaths and 1,500 injuries. It is the deadliest earthquake in Afghanistan in over 20 years. Poor construction practices and building materials contributed to the high death toll. A USGS seismologist said that the earthquake was destructive due to its shallow depth of focus and epicenter in a densely populated, landslide-risk area where buildings are not designed to withstand ground shaking.

Initially, Bakhtar News Agency reported a total of 280 deaths, including 100 in Paktia, five in Nangarhar and 25 in Khost. Six hundred (600) injuries were also reported by the agency. Despite the number of sources reporting on it, some figures estimate a death toll as low as 130. In Khost Province, at least 95 individuals were transported to a hospital. A Taliban official later urged aid agencies to send aid to the area to prevent further catastrophe. Several apartment buildings in the affected provinces were destroyed. The director-general of Bakhtar News Agency tweeted that over 90 homes were destroyed in Paktika. Landslides also occurred, burying or destroying houses in Khost province. According to the EMSC website, shaking was felt over 500 km (310 mi) away by at least 119 million people.

Pakistan

A man was killed when a roof fell on him in Lakki Marwat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The man in question was a member of a football team.

Emergency response

The government of Afghanistan launched rescue operations in the country to prevent future loss. The rescue teams were arriving by helicopter. Officials said that the death toll may rise as recovery efforts are ongoing to locate more casualties. Many injured residents were airlifted via helicopters away from the devastated area. Helicopters also delivered medical supplies and food to the region. Hasan Akhund, the Prime Minister of Afghanistan, said that 1 billion Afghan afghani (around $11.3 million USD) have been allocated to attending to the needs of the affected population. He also authorized the transportation of relief items to the region.

A spokesman has called for aid agencies to provide supplies to victims in order to avoid a "humanitarian catastrophe". Pakistani officials did not confirm any damage in the country. The head of the Iranian Red Crescent Society said that the organization was ready to provide relief, medical assistance and rescue efforts to the affected parties. The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs responded in a tweet that they would "be issuing a flash update later today with further details on the situation and response". The Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Afghanistan said that was assessing the needs of the affected. The Washington Post reported that rescue efforts are likely to progress slower as many international aid organizations have fled the country following an overthrow of the government by the Taliban. The Afghan Red Crescent Society brought blankets, tents and kitchen sets for affected residents.

See also

This page was last updated at 2022-06-22 12:08 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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