Kodinar

Kodinar
city
Kodinar is located in Gujarat
Kodinar
Kodinar
Location in Gujarat, India
Kodinar is located in India
Kodinar
Kodinar
Kodinar (India)
Coordinates: 20°52′N 70°48′E / 20.86°N 70.80°E / 20.86; 70.80Coordinates: 20°52′N 70°48′E / 20.86°N 70.80°E / 20.86; 70.80
Country India
StateGujarat
DistrictGir Somnath district
Population
(2011)
 • Total41,492[1]
Languages
 • OfficialGujarati, Hindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationGJ 32
Websitegujaratindia.com
A Shrine in Kodinar

Kodinar is a city and municipality in Gir Somnath district, in the Indian state of Gujarat, 37 kilometres (23 mi) west of Una. Kodinar is close to the Gir Forest National Park. The main transport connections for Kodinar city are Diu Airport, Veraval Railway Station, and Veraval Port.

Demographics

As of 2011 India census,[2] Kodinar—a Taluka in the Gir Somnath district—contains 64 villages. Kodinar has a population of around 21,111 male and 20,381 female. Female Sex Ratio is of 965 against state average of 919. Moreover, Child Sex Ratio in Kodinar is around 908 compared to Gujarat state average of 890. Kodinar has an average literacy rate of 80.11%. Male literacy is around 86.57% while female literacy rate is 73.47%. 11.89% of the population is under six years old.

Tourism

Mul Dwarka

Ancient city of Mul Dwarka

Mul Dwarka (Kodinar), a small coastal village near Kodinar in the district of Gir Somnath, Gujarat State is one of the three claimants of the original Dwarka of Mahabharata. The proximity with hills on the north and sea on the south the town has been associated with all three Dwarkas (Sankalia, 1966). Lord Sri Krishna and Lord Balarama are supposed to have stayed here for sometime before moving to Dwarka.

The remains of ancient port of Mul Dwarka have been much destroyed due to the construction of cement jetty. A tidal river, blocked by a sand-bar that may be caused by a cement jetty, flows on the western side of Mul Dwarka village.

Archaeological findings from Mul Dwarka suggest that this area was an ancient settlement. Discovery of a composite stone anchor and report on some grapnel type anchors from Mul Dwarka support the view that this was an active port in medieval period and earlier. The artifacts found in and around this place date back to the 10th century AD and older as far back to the ages of Harappan and late Harappan settlements.[3]

An ancient temple of Lord Shree Krishna is situated on a raised land close to the sea. This small temple is in a dilapidated condition. The shrine is dated to the post 10th century AD (Sampura, 1968). And the Gujarat Government is planning a massive renovation of this temple complex. Kusheshwara Mahadev temple or Siddheshwar Mahadev temple, Bheedbhanjan Mahadev temple and Khodiyar Mataji temple are located nearby.

A medieval age well is still used for drinking water source near the jetty.

Kaj

Kaj is 10 km east of Kodinar, on the Dwarka highway. Kaj has evidence of late Harappan settlements. An ancient mound is just 2–3 km east of the present village. It hosts Siberian birds that visit annually, providing a fresh water sanctuary. Archaeological explorations found many ceramic artifacts, including bowls from the Harappan period.

Archaeological teamsery similar to those from ancient Dwarka and Somnath. All this indicates the existence of a Harappan civilization near the bank of the creek.

Among the large number of Harappan pottery fragments, two large amphorae fragments suggest that Kaj might have been an ancient port on the mid Saurashtra-Kathiyawad coast, trading with boats from other countries—particularly between Bet Dwarka (Gaur et al. 2005b and 2006) and Hathab (Pramanik, 2004). Topographical features indicate that in the past the ancient site of Kaj might have been approached through the sea route.[3]

Kanjetar

Kanjetar is another coastal village that began as a historical settlement. Two mounds are near this village: one on the east side of the village, with a temple dedicated to Mahakali; and another about 2 km west of the village.

Both entire mounds are under cultivation. A large quantity of Bronze Age pottery has been collected, which confirms a settlement in that period. Local residents say that digging house foundations has revealed many pottery fragments and structures. Archaeologists consider Kanjetar to be a Harappan port on the mid-Saurashtra.[citation needed] Exploration of the site found an ancient rock-cut step well near this settlement that may be contemporary to the site.

Surface exploration found a terracotta wheel with a projection for a hub, probably from a toy cart. Other discoveries include an Indo-Arabian type limestone anchor under 4 m of water. It is broken, leaving only an upper portion with a circular hole. It is similar to those from other sites on the Saurashtra coast.[3]

Other places of interest

  • Devayat Bodar Dham near Alidar Bodidar
  • Famous sufi shrine of Dada Rizkullah shah piya( sixth generation of Saiyedena sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani - Gaus paak) (R. A)
  • Jamjir Waterfall is a great waterfall near Jamvala in Gir Forest and 20 km from Kodinar City.
  • Shingoda dam
  • Bapeshwar Shiva Temple here is highly renowned. It is said that Muhammad of Gazni tried to destroy the shivling but he failed after sudden attack of bees came from shivling.
  • New Era MultiPlex, Veraval ByPass.
  • Indra Bharti Bapu Ashram near Ghantvad.
  • Bhetali Kankai mata Temple near Alidar
  • Adinath mahadev temple in Aadpukar or Adpokar Village
  • Ragatiya Dada Mandir, pedhavada, kodinar-veraval highway
  • Khodiyar Temple, Kodinar-Una Highway
  • Gangnath Mahadev Mandir, Chhara, Kodinar
  • Ambuja Temple, Ambujanagar,Kodinar
  • Kodinar Park,Devli Road.
  • Shree Navnit Priyaji Ni Haveli,Haveli Sheri
  • Somnath Mandir Pani Darvaza.
  • Anandeshvar mahadev anandpur

Education

Local schools include Jawahar Navodaya Vidhyala which provides free education to the best students of the district, and specially the students from rural area.[citation needed]

Political issues

The president of Kodinar Municipality, Shiva Solanki—who belongs to the Bharatiya Janata Party—was arrested in connection with the murder of Amit Jethwa, a RTI activist who had filed a PIL against illegal mining in the Gir Forests. Jethwa was shot dead on 20 July 2010. Solanki is nephew of Kodinar's MLA Dinu Solanki.[4][5]

References

  1. ^ "Kodinar Population Census 2011". census2011.co.in. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  3. ^ a b c Gaur, A.S. "New evidence on Maritime Archaeology around Mul Dwarka (Kodinar), Gujarat Coast, India" (PDF). National Institute of Oceanography (CSIR).
  4. ^ IBN, Live. "Amit Jethva Case".
  5. ^ "BJP MP Dinu Solankis Nephew Arrested". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 29 August 2014. Retrieved 23 January 2013.

This page was last updated at 2019-11-13 23:10 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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