The castle lake "Kolding Slotsø"
The castle lake "Kolding Slotsø"
Coat of arms of Kolding
Kolding is located in Denmark
Kolding (left center) in Denmark
Kolding is located in Region of Southern Denmark
Kolding (Region of Southern Denmark)
Coordinates: 55°29′30″N 9°30′0″E / 55.49167°N 9.50000°E / 55.49167; 9.50000
RegionSouthern Denmark (Syddanmark)
First documented1231
 • MayorJørn Pedersen
 • Urban38.3 km2 (14.8 sq mi)
Elevation50 m (160 ft)
 • Urban62,338
 • Urban density1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)
 • Gender 30,826 males and 31,512 females
Demonym(s)Koldingenser, Koldinger
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
Area code(+45) 7

Kolding (Danish pronunciation: [ˈkʰʌle̝ŋ]) is a Danish seaport located at the head of Kolding Fjord in the Region of Southern Denmark. It is the seat of Kolding Municipality. It is a transportation, commercial, and manufacturing centre, and has numerous industrial companies, principally geared towards shipbuilding. The manufacturing of machinery and textiles and livestock export are other economically significant activities.

With a population of 94,528 (1 January 2023), the Kolding municipality is the eleventh most populous in Denmark. The city itself has a population of 62,338 (1 January 2023) and is the eighth largest city in Denmark.

The city is part of the Triangle Region, which includes the neighbouring cities of Fredericia and Vejle.


Battle of Kolding, 1658

In the Battle of Kolding, fought on 25 December 1658, the allied Polish and Danish forces under hetman Stefan Czarniecki defeated the Swedish forces of Charles X Gustav of Sweden.[citation needed]

A battle between German and Danish forces took place near the town on 23 April 1849 during the First War of Schleswig.[citation needed]

On 9 September, 1955, Kolding was impacted by a high-end F2/T5 Tornado that displaced a car 20 meters into a yard.

On 3 November 2004, the N. P. Johnsen's Fireworks Factory in the suburb of Seest exploded. One firefighter died, 85 people were injured, and around 2000 people were evacuated and some of them lost their homes during this disaster in this suburb of Kolding.[citation needed]


Evangelical Lutheran church in Kolding

Located in Kolding is the former royal castle of Koldinghus. This was built in the 13th century by King Eric Klipping and is a museum with certain parts of the castle, including its chapel and hall, being used for governmental ceremonial events. It was the last royal residence in Jutland. Another notable site is the 13th century stone Church of Saint Nicholas (Danish: Sankt Nicolai), which is one of the oldest in Denmark.[citation needed]

Main sights

The municipal museum, the Museet på Koldinghus, is located in the castle and former royal palace. It has a collection of Danish art from the late Middle Ages to the 1940s, miscellaneous artefacts of local interest, and an extensive collection of items in gold and silver.

The Trapholt art museum features many pieces primarily by Danish artists in its collections of arts from 1900 onwards and a smaller number of non-Danish exhibits. It also features a large collection of chairs.

Botanical garden Geografisk Have is a 14 hectares large park with more than 2000 different trees, bushes and plants organised in geographical areas,

Also Kolding houses the Danish Museum of Nurses (Danish: Dansk Sygeplejemuseum), which is situated in the reception building of the former tuberculosis sanatorium for children. The exhibition also include this past of the buildings. The main part of the sanatorium is now a hotel, situated in a minor forest and overlooking the water. The building itself is very beautiful and built to resemble a palace.

Design School Kolding


A branch of University College South (Danish: University College Syd) can be found in Kolding.

A branch campus of University of Southern Denmark (Danish: Syddansk Universitet) is located in the former hospital which was closed in 1975. The new Campus Kolding opened downtown in 2014. The new building of University of Southern Denmark will be built further to the east at Grønborggrunden in central Kolding.

Kolding is also home to Design School Kolding (Designskolen Kolding), a university design school, which was established in 1967 to provide undergraduate and postgraduate degrees in the areas of fashion, graphic design and textiles.

Sister cities

Kolding is twinned with the following towns.

City Region Country Year
Anjō Aichi Prefecture  Japan 1997
Delmenhorst  Lower Saxony  Germany 1979
Drammen Buskerud  Norway 1946
Huéscar Granada  Spain 1982
Lappeenranta South Karelia  Finland 1947
Nanortalik Kujalleq  Greenland 2007
Örebro Närke  Sweden 1946
Panevėžys Panevėžys County  Lithuania 2000
Pisa  Tuscany  Italy 2007
Stykkishólmur Iceland Western Region  Iceland 1979
Szombathely Vas County  Hungary 1991



Front facade of Kolding railway station.

Kolding is served by Kolding railway station. It is located on the Fredericia-Flensburg railway line and offers direct InterCity services to Copenhagen, Hamburg, Sønderborg, Aarhus and Esbjerg as well as regional train services to Fredericia and Esbjerg.

Notable people

Public service and public thinking

Mathias Sommerhielm, 1814

Arts and entertainment

Anne Marie Carl-Nielsen


Jan Mølby, 2012

See also

This page was last updated at 2023-12-16 20:17 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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