Langres

Langres
View of Langres from the southeast
View of Langres from the southeast
Flag of Langres
Coat of arms of Langres
Location of Langres
Map
Langres is located in France
Langres
Langres
Langres is located in Grand Est
Langres
Langres
Coordinates: 47°51′48″N 5°20′02″E / 47.8633°N 5.3339°E / 47.8633; 5.3339
CountryFrance
RegionGrand Est
DepartmentHaute-Marne
ArrondissementLangres
CantonLangres
IntercommunalityGrand Langres
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Anne Cardinal
Area
1
22.33 km2 (8.62 sq mi)
Population
(Jan. 2020)
7,682
 • Density340/km2 (890/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
52269 /52200
Elevation327–475 m (1,073–1,558 ft)
(avg. 475 m or 1,558 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Langres (French pronunciation: [lɑ̃ɡʁ] (listen)) is a commune in northeastern France. It is a subprefecture of the department of Haute-Marne, in the region of Grand Est.

History

As the capital of the Romanized Gallic tribe known as the Lingones, it was called Andematunnum, then Lingones, and now Langres.

A hilltop town, Langres was built on a limestone promontory of the same name. This stronghold was originally occupied by the Lingones. At a later date the Romans fortified the town, which they called Andemantunum, located at a strategic crossroads of twelve Roman roads.[citation needed] The first-century Triumphal Gate and the many artefacts exhibited in the museums are remnants of the town's Gallo-Roman history. After the period of invasions, the town prospered in the Middle Ages, due in part to the growing political influence of its bishops. The diocese covered Champagne, the Duchy of Burgundy, and Franche-Comté, and the bishops obtained the right to coin money in the ninth century and to name the military governor of the city in 927. The Bishop of Langres was a duke and peer of France. The troubled 14th and 15th centuries caused the town to strengthen its defenses, which still give the old city its fortified character, and Langres entered a period of royal tutelage. The Renaissance, which returned prosperity to the town, saw the construction of numerous fine civil, religious and military buildings that still stand today. In the 19th century, a "Vauban" citadel was added.

Main sights

Langres has a historic town center surrounded by defensive walls with a dozen towers and seven gates.

The cathedral of Saint-Mammès is a late 12th-century structure dedicated to Mammes of Caesarea, a 3rd-century martyr.

Culture

Langres is home to producers of an AOC-protected cheese of the same name. It is a soft, pungent cow's milk cheese that is known for its rind, which is washed.

The town was long known for its cutlery industry. Didier Diderot, father of encyclopedist Denis, was a cutler.

A museum called the Denis Diderot House of Enlightenment opened in 2013. This museum, set up in a private mansion from the 16th and 18th centuries, is dedicated to the philosopher Denis Diderot.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1968 11,001—    
1975 11,437+0.56%
1982 10,468−1.26%
1990 9,987−0.59%
1999 9,586−0.45%
2007 8,414−1.62%
2012 7,905−1.24%
2017 7,731−0.44%
Source: INSEE

Notable people

Langres was the birthplace of:

Climate

Located in the north-east quarter of France, Langres is under the influence of both an oceanic climate and a humid continental climate with no dry season. Winters are cold and snowy (33.4 days of snow per year on average) but interspersed with periods of light thaw and summers are mild and even pleasant with average maximum temperatures around 23 °C (73 °F).

Climate data for Langres (1981–2010 averages)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 14.5
(58.1)
20.4
(68.7)
24.6
(76.3)
26.3
(79.3)
29.8
(85.6)
35.0
(95.0)
38.8
(101.8)
37.6
(99.7)
32.5
(90.5)
27.6
(81.7)
21.1
(70.0)
15.5
(59.9)
38.8
(101.8)
Average high °C (°F) 3.4
(38.1)
5.1
(41.2)
9.4
(48.9)
13.1
(55.6)
17.4
(63.3)
20.8
(69.4)
23.5
(74.3)
23.2
(73.8)
18.9
(66.0)
13.8
(56.8)
7.6
(45.7)
4.1
(39.4)
13.4
(56.1)
Average low °C (°F) −1.3
(29.7)
−0.7
(30.7)
2.1
(35.8)
4.6
(40.3)
8.7
(47.7)
11.7
(53.1)
13.9
(57.0)
13.9
(57.0)
10.6
(51.1)
7.2
(45.0)
2.4
(36.3)
−0.3
(31.5)
6.1
(43.0)
Record low °C (°F) −18.1
(−0.6)
−21.2
(−6.2)
−13.2
(8.2)
−6.6
(20.1)
−2.9
(26.8)
2.5
(36.5)
5.1
(41.2)
5.1
(41.2)
2.1
(35.8)
−4.5
(23.9)
−10.7
(12.7)
−16.4
(2.5)
−21.2
(−6.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 80.5
(3.17)
64.9
(2.56)
65.5
(2.58)
59.9
(2.36)
82.4
(3.24)
70.0
(2.76)
74.4
(2.93)
67.1
(2.64)
72.1
(2.84)
86.8
(3.42)
83.5
(3.29)
88.4
(3.48)
895.5
(35.26)
Average precipitation days 12.4 10.6 11.4 10.4 12.6 10.3 9.5 8.9 9.4 11.9 11.9 12.9 132.0
Average snowy days 7.6 6.9 5.4 3.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 3.5 6.2 33.4
Average relative humidity (%) 90 84 78 72 74 73 71 74 79 86 89 91 80.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 61.7 86.3 139.1 171.9 194.0 213.9 225.8 219.6 169.6 111.9 60.7 48.4 1,702.8
Source 1: Météo France
Source 2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity and snowy days, 1961–1990)

International relations

Langres is twinned with:

See also

Gallery


This page was last updated at 2023-07-23 14:17 UTC. Update now. View original page.

All our content comes from Wikipedia and under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.


Top

If mathematical, chemical, physical and other formulas are not displayed correctly on this page, please useFirefox or Safari