Detailed Pedia

List of 19th-century religious leaders

List of 18th-century religious leadersList of 20th-century religious leadersLists of religious leaders by century
See also:

This is a list of the top-level leaders for religious groups with at least 50,000 adherents, and that led anytime from January 1, 1801, to December 31, 1900. It should likewise only name leaders listed on other articles and lists.

Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism

  • of the Gelug (Yellow Hat sect) –
  • , 8th Dalai Lama (1760–1804)
  • , 9th Dalai Lama (1808–1815)
  • , 10th Dalai Lama (1822–1837)
  • , 11th Dalai Lama (1841–1856)
  • , 12th Dalai Lama (1858–1875)
  • , 13th Dalai Lama (1878–1933)
  • Tibetan Buddhism, Mongolia –
  • Luvsantüvdenvanchug, (1775–1813)
  • Luvsanchültimjigmed, (1815–1841)
  • Luvsantüvdenchoyjijaltsan, (1843–1848)
  • Agvaanchoyjivanchugperenlaijamts, (1850–1868)
  • Agvaanluvsanchoyjindanzanvaanchigbalsambuu (1870–1924)
  • Duchod Labrangpa Jamgon Wangdue, Throne holder (1783–1806)
  • Dolma Phodrang Padma Dudul, Throne holder (1806–1843)
  • Phuntsog Phodrang Jamgon Dorje, Throne holder (1843–1845)
  • Dolma Phodrang Thegchen Tashi, Throne holder (1846–1865)
  • Phuntsog Phodrang Ngawang Kunga, Throne holder (1866–1882)
  • Dolma Phodrang Kunga Nyingpo, Throne holder (1883–1899)

Christianity

Catholicism

Eastern Orthodoxy

  • Neophytus VII, Ecumenical Patriarch (1789–1794, 1798–1801)
  • Callinicus V, Ecumenical Patriarch (1801–1806, 1808–1809)
  • Gregory V, Ecumenical Patriarch (1797–1798, 1806–1808, 1818–1821)
  • Jeremias IV, Ecumenical Patriarch (1809–1813)
  • Cyril VI, Ecumenical Patriarch (1813–1818)
  • Eugenius II, Ecumenical Patriarch (1821–1822)
  • Anthimus III, Ecumenical Patriarch (1822–1824)
  • Chrysanthus I, Ecumenical Patriarch (1824–1826)
  • Agathangelus I, Ecumenical Patriarch (1826–1830)
  • Constantius I, Ecumenical Patriarch (1830–1834)
  • Constantius II, Ecumenical Patriarch (1834–1835)
  • Gregory VI, Ecumenical Patriarch (1835–1840)
  • Anthimus IV, Ecumenical Patriarch (1840–1841)
  • Anthimus V, Ecumenical Patriarch (1841–1842)
  • Germanus IV, Ecumenical Patriarch (1842–1845)
  • Meletius III, Ecumenical Patriarch (1845)
  • Anthimus VI, Ecumenical Patriarch (1845–1848)
  • Anthimus IV (1848–1852), restored
  • Germanus IV (1852–1853), restored
  • Anthimus VI (1853–1855), restored 1st time
  • Cyril VII, Ecumenical Patriarch (1855–1860)
  • Joachim II, Ecumenical Patriarch (1860–1863)
  • Sophronius III, Ecumenical Patriarch (1863–1866)
  • Gregory VI (1867–1871), restored
  • Anthimus VI (1871–1873), restored 2nd time
  • Joachim II (1873–1878), restored
  • Joachim III, Ecumenical Patriarch (1878–1884, 1901–1912)
  • Joachim IV, Ecumenical Patriarch (1884–1887)
  • Dionysius V, Ecumenical Patriarch (1887–1891)
  • Neophytus VIII, Ecumenical Patriarch (1891–1894)
  • Anthimus VII, Ecumenical Patriarch (1895–1896)
  • Constantine V, Ecumenical Patriarch (1897–1901)
  • Parthenios II, Pope and Patriarch (1788–1805)
  • Theophilos III, Pope and Patriarch (1805–1825)
  • Ierotheos I, Pope and Patriarch (1825–1845)
  • Artemios I, Pope and Patriarch (1845–1847)
  • Ierotheos II, Pope and Patriarch (1847–1858)
  • Kallinikos I, Pope and Patriarch (1858–1861)
  • Iakovos I (or II), Pope and Patriarch (1861–1866)
  • Chrysanthos of Pentapolis, Pope and Patriarch (1866–1866)
  • Nikanor I, 0 (1866–1869)
  • Evgenios Xiropotamitis, 0 (1866–1868)
  • Nilos of Pentapolis (acting), 0 (1869–1869)
  • Nilos I, 0 (1869–1870)
  • ?, 0 (1870–0)
  • Sophronios IV, 0 (1870–1899)
  • Meletios Apostolopoulos, 0 (1899–1900)
  • Photios I, 0 (1900–1925)
  • Anthemios I, Patriarch (1792–1813)
  • Seraphim I, Patriarch (1813–1823)
  • Methodios I, Patriarch (1823–1850)
  • Ierotheos I, Patriarch (1850–1885)
  • Seraphim of Irinoupolis, Patriarch (1885–1885)
  • Gerasimos I, 0 (1885–1891)
  • Seraphim of Irinoupolis, 0 (1891–1891)
  • Spyridon I, 0 (1891–1898)
  • Germanos of Tarsos, 0 (1898–1899)
  • ?, 0 (0–1898)
  • Meletios of Laodikia, 0 (1898–1899)
  • ?, 0 (0–1899)
  • Meletios II, 0 (1899–1906)
  • Anthimos I, Patriarch (1788–1808)
  • Polykarpos I, Patriarch (1808–1827)
  • Athanasios V, Patriarch (1827–1844)
  • Kyrillos II, Patriarch (1845–1872)
  • Prokopios of Petra, Patriarch (1872–1872)
  • Prokopios II, Patriarch (1872–1875)
  • Iosaph of Philadelphia, Patriarch (1875–1875)
  • Ierotheos I, Patriarch (1875–1882)
  • Nikiphoros of Petra, Patriarch (1882–1882)
  • Photios I, Patriarch (1882–1883)
  • Nikiphoros of Petra, Patriarch (1883–1883)
  • Nikodimos I, Patriarch (1883–1890)
  • Nikiphoros of Petra, Patriarch (1890–1891)
  • Gerasimos I, Patriarch (1891–1897)
  • Damianos of Philadelphia, Patriarch (1897–1897)
  • Damianos I, Patriarch (1897–1918)
  • Platon II, Metropolitan of Moscow (1775–1811)
  • Avgustin, Metropolitan of Moscow (1811–1819)
  • Serafim, Metropolitan of Moscow (1819–1821)
  • Filaret, Metropolitan of Moscow (1821–1867)
  • Innokenty, Metropolitan of Moscow (1868–1879)
  • Makary I, Metropolitan of Moscow (1879–1882)
  • Ioanniky, Metropolitan of Moscow (1882–1891)
  • Leonty, Metropolitan of Moscow (1891–1893)
  • Sergy, Metropolitan of Moscow (1893–1898)
  • Vladimir, Metropolitan of Moscow (1898–1912)
  • Amvrosy, Metropolitan of St. Petersburg (1799–1818)
  • Mikhail, Metropolitan of St. Petersburg (1818–1821)
  • Serafim, Metropolitan of St. Petersburg (1821–1843)
  • Antony, Metropolitan of St. Petersburg (1843–1848)
  • Nikanor, Metropolitan of St. Petersburg (1848–1856)
  • Grigory, Metropolitan of St. Petersburg (1856–1860)
  • Isidor, Metropolitan of St. Petersburg (1860–1892)
  • Pallady, Metropolitan of St. Petersburg (1892–1898)
  • Antony, Metropolitan of St. Petersburg (1899–1912)
  • Dositheos, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (1793–1810)
  • Ignatios II, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (1810–1812)
  • Nektarios, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (1812–1819)
  • Dionysios II, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (1819–1821)
  • Grigorios III, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (1823–1834)
  • Commission, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (1834–1840)
  • Ilarion of Arges, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (0–0)
  • Neophytos of Ramnic, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (0–0)
  • Kaisarios of Buzău, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (0–0)
  • Neophytos II, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (1840–1849)
  • Nifon II, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (1850–1865)
  • Nifon, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia and Primate of All Romania (1865–1875)
  • Calinic, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia and Primate of All Romania (1875–1886)
  • Iosif, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia and Primate of All Romania (1886–1893)
  • Ghenadie, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia and Primate of All Romania (1893–1896)
  • Iosif, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia and Primate of All Romania (1896–1909)
  • Mattheos, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1797–1802)
  • Daniil, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1802–1805)
  • Makarios II, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1806–1817)
  • Ioannikios, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1817–1821)
  • Ilarion, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1821–1827)
  • Konstantios, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1827–1830)
  • Ilarion, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1830–1838)
  • Panaretos, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1838–1840)
  • Neophytos, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1840–1846)
  • Athanasios II, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1846–1848)
  • Neophytos, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1848–1858)
  • Grigorios, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1858–1878)
  • ?, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1872–0)
  • Ilarion, Exarch of the Bulgarian (1872–1872)
  • Antim, Exarch of the Bulgarian (1872–1877)
  • Iosif, Exarch of the Bulgarian (1877–1915)
  • Anton II, Catholicos-Patriarch of Georgia (1788–1811)
  • Varlaam, Exarch of Georgia (1811–1817)
  • Theophilakt, Exarch of Georgia (1817–1821)
  • Iona, Exarch of Georgia (1821–1832)
  • Moisey, Exarch of Georgia (1832–1834)
  • Evgeniy, Exarch of Georgia (1834–1844)
  • Isidor, Exarch of Georgia (1844–1858)
  • Evseviy, Exarch of Georgia (1858–1877)
  • Ioannikiy, Exarch of Georgia (1877–1882)
  • Pavel, Exarch of Georgia (1882–1887)
  • Palladiy, Exarch of Georgia (1887–1892)
  • Vladimir, Exarch of Georgia (1892–1898)
  • Flavian, Exarch of Georgia (1898–1901)
  • Chrysanthos, Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1784–1810)
  • Kyprianos, Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1810–1821)
  • Ioakim, Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1821–1824)
  • Damaskinos, Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1824–1827)
  • Panaretos, Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1827–1840)
  • Ioannikios, Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1840–1849)
  • Kyrillos I, Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1849–1854)
  • Makarios I, Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1854–1865)
  • Sophronios III, Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1865–1900)
  • vacant, Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1900–1908)
  • Grigorios III, Metropolitan of Athens (1799–1820)
  • Dionysios II, Metropolitan of Athens (1820–1823)
  • vacant, Metropolitan of Athens (1823–1827)
  • Grigorios IV, Metropolitan of Athens (1827–1828)
  • Anthimos VII, Metropolitan of Athens (1828–1833)
  • Neophytos V, Metaxas, Metropolitan of Athens and All Greece (1833–1862)
  • Misail, Metropolitan of Athens and All Greece (1862–1862)
  • Theophilos, Metropolitan of Athens and All Greece (1862–1873)
  • Prokopios I Georgiadis, Metropolitan of Athens and All Greece (1874–1889)
  • Germanos II Kalligas, Metropolitan of Athens and All Greece (1889–1896)
  • Prokopios II Oikonomidis, Metropolitan of Athens and All Greece (1896–1901)
  • Efthymios, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1783–1805)
  • Samouil, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1805–1820)
  • Chrysanthos, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1820–1833)
  • Gerasimos, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1833–1837)
  • Anthimos II, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (0–1844)
  • Anthimos III, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1844–1845)
  • Ioannikios, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1845–1858)
  • Gennadios, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1858–1858)
  • Afxentios, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1858–1859)
  • Iosiph, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1859–1867)
  • Vissarion, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1867–1899)
  • Prokopios, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1899–1906)
  • Innocent, Bishop (1840–1858)
  • Peter, Bishop (1859–1866)
  • Paul, Bishop (1866–1870)
  • John, Bishop (1870–1877)
  • Nestor, Bishop (1878–1882)
  • Vladimir, Bishop (1887–1891)
  • Nicholas, Bishop (1891–1891)
  • Nicholas (II), Bishop (1891–1898)
  • Tikhon, Bishop (1898–1905)
  • Konstantios II, Archbishop of Sinai (1804–1859)
  • Kyrillos II, Archbishop of Sinai (1859–1867)
  • Kallistratos, Archbishop of Sinai (1867–1885)
  • Porphyrios I, Archbishop of Sinai (1885–1904)
  • Petar I, Metropolitan (vladika) (1782–1830)
  • Petar II, Metropolitan (vladika) (1830–1851)
  • Pero Petrović-Njegoš, Metropolitan (vladika) (1851–1852)
  • Danilo II, Metropolitan (vladika) (1852–1852)
  • Nikanor Ivanović-Njegoš, Metropolitan (1853–1860)
  • Ilarion Roganović, Metropolitan (1860–1882)
  • Visarion III Ljubisa, Metropolitan (1882–1884)
  • Mitrofan Ban, Metropolitan (1884–1920)
  • Nicholas, Bishop (1880–1906)
  • Nicholas, Metropolitan of All Japan (1906–1912)
  • Gavriil II, Metropolitan of Kiev (1799–1803)
  • Serapion, Metropolitan of Kiev (1803–1822)
  • Eugene, Metropolitan of Kiev (1822–1837)
  • Filaret I, Metropolitan of Kiev (1837–1858)
  • Isidor, Metropolitan of Kiev (1858–1860)
  • Arseniy II, Metropolitan of Kiev (1860–1876)
  • Filofei, Metropolitan of Kiev (1876–1882)
  • Plato, Metropolitan of Kiev (1882–1891)
  • Ioannikiy, Metropolitan of Kiev (1891–1900)
  • Feognost II, Metropolitan of Kiev (1900–1903)
  • Orthodox Church of Macedonia / under Patriarchate of Constantinople –
  • Anthimos III, Metropolitan of Skopje (1799–1820)
  • Ioasaph, Metropolitan of Skopje (1820–1823)
  • Ananias, Metropolitan of Skopje (1823–1828)
  • Neophytos, Metropolitan of Skopje (1828–1831)
  • Gennadios, Metropolitan of Skopje (1831–1832)
  • Gavriil III, Metropolitan of Skopje (1832–1844)
  • Ioakim, Metropolitan of Skopje (1844–1868)
  • Paisios, Metropolitan of Skopje (1868–1891)
  • Methodios II, Metropolitan of Skopje (1891–1896)
  • Amvrosios Stavrinos, Αμβρόσιος Σταυρινός, Амвросиос Ставринос, Metropolitan of Skopje (1896–1899)
  • Firmilianos, Фирмилиан, Metropolitan of Skopje (1899–1903)Dean of Theological School of Bengrade
  • Sofrony, Archbishop of Moscow (1847–1863)
  • Antony, Archbishop of Moscow (1863–1881)
  • Antony Guslitsky (in opposition), Archbishop of Moscow (1863–1870)
  • Iov (in opposition), Archbishop of Moscow (1871–1912)
  • Savvaty, Archbishop of Moscow (1881–1898)
  • Ioann, Archbishop of Moscow (1898–1915)

Oriental Orthodoxy

  • Hovsep' Arlut'ean, Catholicose of All Armenian (1800–1801)
  • Dawit' V, Catholicose of All Armenian (1801–1807)
  • Daniel (in opposition), Catholicose of All Armenian (1802–1808)
  • Yeprem, Catholicose of All Armenian (1810–1830)
  • Hovhannes VIII, Catholicose of All Armenian (1831–1842)
  • Nerses V, Catholicose of All Armenian (1843–1857)
  • Matevos I, Catholicose of All Armenian (1858–1865)
  • Gevorg IV, Catholicose of All Armenian (1866–1882)
  • vacant, Catholicose of All Armenian (1882–1885)
  • Makar, Catholicose of All Armenian (1885–1891)
  • Mkrtich, Catholicose of All Armenian (1892–1907)
  • Simeon V, Catholicose of Aluank' (1794–1810)
  • Sargis Hasan-Jalalean, Catholicose of Aluank' (1810–1815)
  • Giragos I, Catholicose of Cilicia (1797–1822)
  • Yeprem II, Catholicose of Cilicia (1822–1833)
  • Mikael II, Catholicose of Cilicia (1833–1855)
  • Giragos II, Catholicose of Cilicia (1855–1865)
  • Giragos, Catholicose of Cilicia (1866–1871)
  • Mkrtich I, Catholicose of Cilicia (1871–1894)
  • Grigor (acting), Catholicose of Cilicia (1895–0)
  • Mark VIII, Pope and Patriarch (1797–1810)
  • Peter VII, Pope and Patriarch (1810–1852)
  • vacant (1852–1854)
  • Cyril IV, Pope and Patriarch (1854–1861)
  • Demetrius II, Pope and Patriarch (1862–1870)
  • Markos of Alexandria and Beheirah, Pope and Patriarch (1870–1874)
  • Cyril V, Pope and Patriarch (1874–1927)
  • Yusab, Metropolitan of Ethiopia (1770–1803)
  • Makari, Metropolitan of Ethiopia (1808–0)
  • Kyrillos, Metropolitan of Ethiopia (1816–1829)
  • Selama III, Metropolitan of Ethiopia (1841–1866)
  • Athanasios, Metropolitan of Ethiopia (1868–1876)
  • Petros, Metropolitan of Ethiopia (1876–1889)
  • Mattheos, Metropolitan of Ethiopia (1889–1926)
  • Ignatius Matthew, Patriarch of Antioch and All the East (1782–1817)
  • Ignatius Yunan, Patriarch of Antioch and All the East (1817–1819)
  • Ignatius George V, Patriarch of Antioch and All the East (1819–1836)
  • Ignatius Elias II, Patriarch of Antioch and All the East (1838–1847)
  • Ignatius Jacob II, Patriarch of Antioch and All the East (1847–1871)
  • Ignatius Peter IV, Patriarch of Antioch and All the East (1872–1894)
  • Ignatius Abdul Masih II, Patriarch of Antioch and All the East (1895–1905)
  • Kattumangattu Abraham Mar, Metropolitan (1772–1802)
  • Koorilose I, Metropolitan (1802–1807)
  • Koorilose II, Metropolitan (1807–1811)
  • Kidanagan Geevarghese Mar, Metropolitan (1811–1829)
  • Philexenos II, Metropolitan (1829–1856)
  • Koorilose III, Metropolitan (1856–1888)
  • Koorilose IV, Metropolitan (1888–1898)
  • Karumamkuzhi Geevarghese Mar, Metropolitan (1898–1935)

Protestantism

Baptist

  • W. H. Alpine, President (1880–1882)
  • J. Q. A. Wilhite, President (1882–1883)
  • J. A. Foster, President (1883–1884)
  • W. A. Brinkley, President (1884–1885)
  • William J. Simmons, President (1885–1890)
  • E. W. Brawley, President (1890–1891)
  • M. Vann, President (1891–1893)
  • Elias Camp Morris, President (1895–1922)

Lutheran

  • Johannes Muehlhaeuser, President (1849–1860)
  • John Bading, President (1860–1864)
  • Gottlieb Reim, President (1864–1865)
  • William Streissguth, President (1865–1867)
  • John Bading, President (1867–1887)
  • Phillip von Rohr, President (1887–1908)

Methodist

  • President
  • John Walton, President (1883–1885)
  • Richard Ridgill, President (1885–1886)
  • Fredrick Mason, President (1886–1887)
  • Robert Lamplough, President (1887–1888)
  • Henry Tindall, President (1888–1889)
  • J Smith Spencer, President (1889–1890)
  • S Evans Rowe, President (1890–1891)
  • Peter Hargreaves, President (1891–1892)
  • James Scott, President (1892–1893)
  • James Thompson, President (1893–1894)
  • Theophilus Chubb, President (1894–1895)
  • Erza Nuttal, President (1895–1896)
  • Philip Tearle, President (1896–1897)
  • James Scott, President (1897–1898)
  • James Thompson, President (1898–1899)
  • William Wynne, President (1899–1900)
  • William B Rayner, President (1900–1901)
  • General Secretary
  • Robert Lamplough, General Secretary (1883–1887)
  • J Smith Spencer, General Secretary (1887–1889)
  • James Scott, General Secretary (1889–1892)
  • James Thompson, General Secretary (1892–1893)
  • Theophilus Chubb, General Secretary (1893–1894)
  • Philip Tearle, General Secretary (1894–1896)
  • John E Parsonson, General Secretary (1896–1899)
  • Alfred T Rhodes, General Secretary (1899–1901)
  • James M. Thoburn, Bishop and Superintendent (1888–1904)

Other Protestant

  • Fritz Krebs, Chief apostle (1895–1905)

Anglicanism

Other Christian or Christian-derived faiths

  • Eliyya XIII Isho-Yab, Patriarch (1778–1804)
  • Shimoun XVI Yohanan, Patriarch (1780–1820)
  • Shimoun XVII Abraham, Patriarch (1820–1861)
  • Shimoun XVIII Rouel, Patriarch (1861–1903)

Islam

Sunni

Shia

Ahmadiyya

Judaism and related

  • Ottoman Empire –
  • Hayim Yakup Benyakar, Chief Rabbi (1800–1835)
  • Abraham Levi, Chief Rabbi (1835–1839)
  • Samuel Hayim, Chief Rabbi (1839–1841)
  • Moiz Fresko, Chief Rabbi (1841–1854)
  • Yakup Avigdor, Chief Rabbi (1854–1870)
  • Yakir Geron, Chief Rabbi (1870–1872)
  • Mose Levi, Chief Rabbi (1872–1909)

Other

Baháʼí

  • Bahá'u'lláh, founder of the Baháʼí Faith (1863–1892)
  • `Abdu'l-Bahá, successor and head of the Baháʼí Faith (1892–1921)

Jainism

  • Svetambara Jainism –
  • Bhiksu, Leader (Acarya) (1760–1803)
  • Bharimal, Leader (Acarya) (1803–1821)
  • Raycand, Leader (Acarya) (1821–1850)
  • Jitmal, Leader (Acarya) (1851–1881)
  • Maghraj, Leader (Acarya) (1881–1892)
  • Maniklal, Leader (Acarya) (1892–1897)
  • Dalcand, Leader (Acarya) (1897–1909)

See also

External links

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