List of alchemical substances

Alchemical studies produced a number of substances, which were later classified as particular chemical compounds or mixtures of compounds.

Many of these terms were in common use into the 20th century.

Metals and metalloids

Minerals, stones, and pigments

  • Luna cornea – silver chloride, formed by heating horn silver till it liquefies and then cooling.



Waters, oils and spirits


  • Alkahest – universal solvent.
  • Azoth – initially this referred to a supposed universal solvent but later became another name for Mercury.
  • Bitumen – highly viscous liquid or semi-solid form of petroleum.
  • Blende
  • Brimstone – sulfur

See also

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