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List of governors of dependent territories in the 19th century

Colonial and territorial governors by century:
See also:
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
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State leaders:
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Categories: BirthsDeaths
EstablishmentsDisestablishments

This is a list of territorial governors in the 19th century (1801–1900), such as the administrators of colonies, protectorates, or other dependencies. Where applicable, native rulers are also listed.

A dependent territory is normally a territory that does not possess full political independence or sovereignty as a sovereign state yet remains politically outside of the controlling state's integral area. The administrators of uninhabited territories are excluded.

Denmark

Denmark–Norway, Denmark
Danish colonial empire
  • Wilhelm Anton Lindemann, Governor General (1799–1801)
  • Casimir Wilhelm von Scholten, Governor of St. Thomas, St. John (1800–1801)
  • John Clayton Cowell, Governor of St. Thomas, St. John (1801–1802). British occupation.
  • Ernst Frederik von Walterstorff, Governor General (1802)
  • Baltharzar Frederik Mühlenfels, Governor General (1802–1807)
  • Willum von Rømeling, Governor of St. Thomas, St. John (1802–1803)
  • Casimir Wilhelm von Scholten, Governor of St. Thomas, St. John (1803–1807)
  • Hans Christopher Lillienskjøld, Governor General (1807)
  • Henry Bowyer, Governor General (1807–1808)
  • Fitzroy J. Grafton McLean, Governor of St. Thomas, St. John (1807–1815). British occupation.
  • Christian Ludvig von Holten, Governor of St. Thomas, St. John (1815–1818)
  • Christian Ludvig von Holten, Governor of St. Thomas, St. John (1820)
  • Peter Carl Frederik von Scholten, Governor of St. Thomas, St. John (1820)
  • Carl Gottlieb Fleischer, Governor of St. Thomas, St. John (1820–1822)
  • Johan Frederik Bardenfleth, Governor General (1822–1827)
  • Frederik Ludvig Christian Pentz Rosenørn, Governor of St. Thomas, St. John (1829–1834)
  • Frederik von Oxholm, Governor of St. Thomas, St. John (1834–1836)
  • Johannes Söbötker, Governor of St. Thomas, St. John (1836–1848)
  • Frederik von Oxholm, acting Governor general (1848)
  • Peder Hansen, Government Commissioner (1848–1851)
  • Frederik von Oxholm, Governor of St. Thomas, St. John (1848–1852)
  • Hans Ditmar Frederik Feddersen, Governor General (1851–1855)
  • Johan Frederik Schlegel, Governor General (1855–1861)
  • Vilhelm Ludvig Birch, Governor General (1861–1871)
  • John Christmas, Governor General (1871)
  • Frantz Ernst Bille, acting Governor general (1871–1872)
  • Johan August Stakeman, acting Governor general (1872)
  • Janus August Garde, Governor General (1872–1881)
  • Christian Henrik Arendrup, Governor General (1881–1893)
  • Carl Emil Hedemann, Governor General (1893–1903)

France

French First Republic, First French Empire, Bourbon Restoration, July Monarchy, French Second Republic, French Second Empire, French Third Republic
  • Soane Malia Musulamu, King (c.1887–1929)
  • Lutotio, King (c.1889)
  • Savelio Keletaona, King (late 19th century)
  • Mateo Tamole, King (19th/20th century)
  • Toviko Keletaona, King (19th/20th century)

Germany

German Empire
German colonial empire

Mexico

  • California declared a Mexican state (1846)
  • General José María Flores, Governor and Comandante General (1846–1847) In Los Angeles, in opposition to the U.S.
  • Andrés Pico, acting Governor (1847–1847) In Los Angeles, in opposition to the U.S.
  • U.S. occupation (1846—1847)
  • Texas
  • Governors of the Texas Revolution

Netherlands

Batavian Republic, Kingdom of Holland, United Kingdom of the Netherlands, Kingdom of the Netherlands
Dutch colonial empire

Asia

Oman

Al Said of Oman
  • Salim ibn Ahmad al-Mazru‘i, Wali (1826–1835)
  • Nasur ibn Ahmad al-Mazru‘i, Wali (1835–1836)
  • Rashid ibn Salim al-Mazru‘i, Wali (1836–1837)
  • Khamis ibn Rashid al-Mazru‘i, Wali (1837)
  • Abdallah ibn Hamish al-Mazru‘i, Wali (1837–1860)
  • Mubarrak ibn Rashid al-Mazru‘i, Wali (1860–1873)
  • Rashid ibn Hamish al-Mazru‘i, Wali (1873–1895)

Portugal

Kingdom of Portugal, United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves
Portuguese colonial empire
  • Francisco Guedes de Carvalho Meneses da Costa, Governor (1797–1801)
  • Isidro de Sousa e Sá, Governor (1801–1805)
  • Francisco de Paula de Albuquerque do Amaral Cardoso, Governor (1805–1807)
  • Provisional administration, (1807–1809)
  • António Manuel de Melo e Castro de Mendonça, Governor (1809–1812)
  • Marcos Caetano de Abreu e Meneses, Governor (1812–1817)
  • José Francisco de Paula Cavalcanti de Albuquerque, Governor (1817–1818)
  • Provisional administration, (1818–1819)
  • João da Costa M. Brito-Sanches, Governor (1819–1821)
  • Provisional administration, (1821–1824)
  • João Manuel da Silva, Governor (1824–1825)
  • Sebastião Xavier Botelho, Governor (1825–1829)
  • Paulo José Miguel de Brito, Governor (1829–1832)
  • Provisional administration, (1832–1834)
  • José Gregório Pegado, Governor (1834–1836)
  • Provisional administration, (1836–1837)
  • António José de Melo, Governor General (1837)
  • João Carlos Augusto de Oeynhausen e Gravenburg, marquês de Aracaty, Governor General (1837–1838)
  • Juiz A. de Ramalho de Sá, President of the Governing council (1838–1840)
  • Joaquim Pereira Marinho, Governor General (1840–1841)
  • João da Costa Xavier, Governor General (1841–1843)
  • Rodrigo Luciano de Abreu e Lima, Governor General (1843–1847)
  • Domingos Fortunato de Vale, Governor General (1847–1851)
  • Joaquim Pinto de Magalhães, Governor General (1851–1854)
  • Vasco Guedes de Carvalho e Meneses, Acting Governor general (1854–1857)
  • João Tavares d'Almeida, Governor General (1857–1864)
  • Cândido M. Montes, President of the Governing council (1864)
  • M. António do Canto e Castro, Governor General (1864–1867)
  • António Augusto de Almeida Portugal Correia de Lacerda, Governor General (1867–1868)
  • M.N.P. de Ataíde e Azevedo, President of the Governing council (1868–1869)
  • António Tavares de Almeida, Governor General (1869)
  • Fernão da Costa Leal, Governor General (1869)
  • Juiz E. K. da Fonseca e Gouveia, President of the Governing council (1869–1870)
  • Inácio A. Alves, Acting Governor general (1870)
  • José Rodrigues Coelho do Amaral, Governor General (1870–1873)
  • Juiz J. M. Crispiniano da Fonseca, President of the Governing council (1873–1874)
  • José Guedes de Carvalho e Meneses, Governor General (1874–1877)
  • Francisco Maria da Cunha, Governor General (1877–1880)
  • Augusto César Rodrigues Sarmento, Acting Governor general (1880–1881)
  • Carlos Eugénio Correia da Silva, visconde de Paço d'Arcos, Governor General (1881–1882)
  • J. d'Almeida d'Avila, Acting Governor general (1882)
  • Agostinho Coelho, Governor General (1882–1885)
  • D. Henrique Real da Silva, President of the Governing council (1885)
  • Augusto Vidal de Castilho Barreto e Noronha, Governor General (1885–1889)
  • José Joaquim d'Almeida, Acting Governor general (1889)
  • José António de Brissac das Neves Ferreira, Governor General (1889–1890)
  • Joaquim José Machado, Governor General (1890–1891)
  • Raphael Jácome Lopes de Andrade, Governor General (1891–1893)
  • Francisco Teixeira da Silva, Governor General (1893–1894)
  • J. Correia e Lança, Acting Governor general (1894)
  • Fernão de Magalhães e Meneses, Governor General (1894–1895)
  • António José Enes -Commissioner, Governor General (1895)
  • J. Correia e Lança, Acting Governor general (1896)
  • Joaquim Mousinho de Albuquerque, Governor General (1896–1897)
  • Baltasar Freire Cabral, Acting Governor general (1897–1898)
  • Carlos Alberto Schultz Xavier, Governor General (1898)
  • Álvaro António Ferreira, Governor General (1898–1900)
  • Júlio José, marqués da Costa, Governor General (1900)
  • Joaquim José Machado, Governor General (1900)
  • Manuel Rafael Gorjão, Governor General (1900–1902)
  • João Baptista de Silva, Governor (1799–1802)
  • Gabriel António Franco de Castro, Governor (1802–1805)
  • Luís Joaquim Lisboa, Governor (1805–1817)
  • Filipe de Freitas, Governor (1817–1824)
  • João Maria Xavier de Brito, Governor (1824–1830)
  • Joaquim Bento da Fonseca, Governor (1830–1834)
  • Provisional government (1834–1836)
  • Fernando Correia Henriques de Noronha, Acting Governor (1836–1837)
  • Leandro José da Costa, Governor (1837–1838)
  • José Joaquim de Urbanski, Governor (1838–1839)
  • Bernardo José de Sousa Soares de Andréa, Governor (1839–1843)
  • Leandro José da Costa, Governor (1843)
  • José Maria Marquês, Governor (1843–1846)
  • Chamber Senate (1846–1847)
  • Carlos Augusto de Morais e Almeida, Governor (1847)
  • Chamber Senate (1847–1848)
  • José Caetano René Vimont Pessoa, Governor (1848–1849)
  • Leandro José da Costa, Governor (1849–1851)
  • José Maria Marquês, Governor (1851–1853)
  • Francisco José da Pina Rolo, Governor (1853–1855)
  • Adriano Maria Passaláqua, Governor (1855–1857)
  • Chamber Senate (1857–1858)
  • Francisco António Correia, Governor (1858)
  • Chamber Senate (1858–1859)
  • Luís José Pereira e Horta, Governor (1859–1860)
  • José Pedro de Melo, Governor (1860–1862)
  • Chamber Senate (1862)
  • José Eduardo da Costa Moura, Governor (1862–1863)
  • João Baptista Brunachy, Governor (1863–1864)
  • Estanislau Xavier de Assunção e Almeida, Governor (1864–1865)
  • João Baptista Brunachy, Governor (1865–1867)
  • António Joaquim da Fonseca, Governor (1867)
  • Estanislau Xavier de Assunção e Almeida, Governor (1867–1869)
  • Pedro Carlos de Aguiar Craveiro Lopes, Governor (1869–1872)
  • João Clímaco de Carvalho, Governor (1872–1873)
  • Gregório José Ribeiro, Governor (1873–1876)
  • Estanislau Xavier de Assunção e Almeida, Governor (1876–1879)
  • Francisco Joaquim Ferreira do Amaral, Governor (1879)
  • Custódio Miguel de Borja, Acting Governor, Governor (1879–1880)
  • Vicente Pinheiro Lôbo Machado de Melo e Almada, Governor (1880–1881)
  • Augusto Maria Leão, Acting Governor (1881–1882)
  • Francisco Teixeira da Silva, Governor (1882)
  • Custódio Miguel de Borja, Governor (1884–1886)
  • Augusto César Rodrigues Sarmento, Governor (1886–1890)
  • Firmino José da Costa, Governor (1890–1891)
  • Francisco Eugénio Pereira de Miranda, Governor (1891–1894)
  • Jaime Lobo Brito Godins, Acting Governor (1894–1895)
  • Cipriano Leite Pereira Jardim, Governor (1895–1897)
  • Joaquim da Graça Correia e Lança, Governor (1897–1899)
  • Amâncio de Alpoim Cerqueira Borges Cabral, Governor (1899–1901)

Spain

Bourbon Spain, Kingdom of Spain, First Spanish Republic, Bourbon Restoration
Spanish colonial empire
  • Luis de Medina y Torres, governor and sea commander (1799–1800)
  • Francisco Javier de Viana, governor and sea commander (1800–1801)
  • Ramón Fernández Villegas, governor and sea commander (1801–1802)
  • Bernardo Bonavía, Governor and sea commander (1802–1803)
  • Antonio Leal de Ibarra y Oxinando, Governor and sea commander (1803–1804)
  • Bernardo Bonavía, Governor and sea commander (1804–1805)
  • Antonio Leal de Ibarra y Oxinando, Governor and sea commander (1805–1806)
  • Bernardo Bonavía, Governor and sea commander (1806–1809)
  • Gerardo Bordas, Governor and sea commander (1809–1810)
  • Pablo Guillén Martínez, Governor and sea commander (1810–1811)
  • Viceroys
  • Viceroys
  • Viceroys
  • Presidents of the Provisional Governing Council of the Provinces of the Río de la Plata, in the name of Fernando VII
  • Presidents of the Superior Provisional Government of the United Provinces of Río de la Plata, in the name of Fernando VII
  • Feliciano Antonio Chiclana y Giménez de Paz, (1811–1812)
  • Manuel Mariano de Sarratea Altolaguirre, (1812)
  • Juan Martín Mariano de Pueyrredón y O'Dogan (1812)

United Kingdom

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
British colonial empire

British Isles

  • Robert Porrett Le Marchant, Bailiff (1800–1810)
  • Peter De Havilland, Bailiff (1810–1821)
  • Daniel De Lisle Brock, Bailiff (1821–1843)
  • Jean Guille, Bailiff (1843–1845)
  • Peter Stafford Carey, Bailiff (1845–1883)
  • John de Havilland Utermarck, Bailiff (1883–1884)
  • Edgar McCulloch, Bailiff (1884–1895)
  • Thomas Godfrey Carey, Bailiff (1895–1902)

Caribbean

  • Governors of Barbados and the Windward Islands
  • William Bishop, Acting Governor (1800–1801)
  • Francis Mackenzie, Governor (1802–1806)
  • John Spooner, Acting Governor (1806–1810)
  • George Beckwith, Governor (1810–1815)
  • James Leith, Governor (1815–1816)
  • John Foster Alleyne, Acting Governor (1817)
  • Stapleton Cotton, Governor (1817–1820)
  • John Brathwaite Skeete, Acting Governor (1820)
  • Samuel Hinds, Acting Governor (1821)
  • Henry Warde, Governor (1821–1829)
  • James Lyon, Governor (1829–1833)
Governorship and colony combined with that of British Windward Islands (1833–1885)
  • William Bodden, Chief magistrate (1776–1823)
  • James Coe the Elder, Chief magistrate (1823–1829)
  • John Drayton, Chief magistrate (1829–1842)
  • James Coe the Younger, Chief magistrate (1842–1855)
  • William Eden, Chief magistrate (1855–1879)
  • William Bodden Webster, Chief magistrate (1879–1888)
  • Edmund Parsons, Chief magistrate (1888–1898)
  • Frederick Shedden Sanguinnetti, Commissioner (1898–1907)
  • Daniel Thomas Smith, Commissioner (1874–1878)
  • Edward Noel Walker, Commissioner (1878)
  • Robert Baxter Llewelyn, Commissioner (1878–1883)
  • Frederick Shedden Sanguinetti, Commissioner (1883–1885)
  • Henry Moore Jackson, Commissioner (1885–1888)
  • Alexis Wynns Harriott, Commissioner (1888–1891)
  • Henry Huggins, Commissioner (1891–1893)
  • Edward John Cameron, Commissioner (1893–1899)
  • Geoffrey Peter St. Aubyn, Commissioner (1899–1901)
  • Edward John Cameron, Administrator (1887–1894)
  • Alexander R. Mackay, Administrator (1894–1896)
  • Nathaniel George Cookman, Administrator (1896–1903)

See also "Barbados and the British Windward Islands" above.

Mediterranean

North America

Oceania

  • George Beckwith, Governor (1798–1803)
  • Henry Tucker, Governor (1803–1805)
  • Francis Gore, Lieutenant governor (1805–1806)
  • Henry Tucker, Governor (1806)
  • John Hodgson, Governor (1806–1810)
  • Samuel Trott, Governor (1810–1811)
  • James Cockburn, Governor (1811–1812)
  • William Smith, Governor (1812)
  • George Horsford, Lieutenant governor (1812–1816)
  • James Cockburn, Governor (1814–1816)
  • William Smith, Governor (1816–1817)
  • James Cockburn, Governor (1817–1819)
  • William Smith, Governor (1819)
  • William Lumley, Governor (1819–1822)
  • William Smith, Governor (1822–1823)
  • William Lumley, Governor (1823–1825)
  • William Smith, Governor (1825–1826)
  • Hilgrove Turner, Governor (1826–1829)
  • Robert Kennedy, Acting Governor (1829)
  • Hilgrove Turner, Governor (1829–1830)
  • Robert Kennedy, Acting Governor (1830)
  • Hilgrove Turner, Governor (1830–1832)
  • Stephen Chapman, Governor (1832–1835)
  • Henry G. Hunt, Acting Governor (1835)
  • Robert Kennedy, Governor (1835–1836)
  • Stephen Chapman, Governor (1836–1839)
  • William Reid, Governor (1839–1846)
  • William N. Hutchinson, Acting Governor (1846)
  • Charles Elliot, Governor (1846–1852)
  • W. Hassell Eden, Acting Governor (1852–1853)
  • George Philpots, Acting Governor (1853)
  • Soulden Oakley, Acting Governor (1853)
  • Thomas C. Robe, Acting Governor (1853)
  • Soulden Oakley, Acting Governor (1853)
  • Charles Elliot, Governor (1853–1854)
  • Montgomery Williams, Acting Governor (1854)
  • Freeman Murray, Governor (1854–1859)
  • AT. Heniphill, Acting Governor (1859)
  • William Munroe, Governor (1859–1860)
  • Freeman Murray, Governor (1860–1861)
  • Harry Ord, Governor (1861–1864)
  • William Munroe, Acting Governor (1864)
  • W.H. Hamley, Lieutenant governor (1864–1865)
  • Harry St. George Ord, Governor (1865–1866)
  • W.H. Hamley, Lieutenant governor (1866–1867)
  • Arnold Thompson, Acting Governor (1867)
  • Frederick Chapman, Governor (1867–1870)
  • W. F. Brett, Lieutenant governor (1870)
  • John Henry Lefroy, Governor (1871–1877)
  • Robert Michael Laffan, Governor (1877–1882)
  • Thomas L. J. Gallwey, Governor (1882–1888)
  • Edward Newdegate, Governor (1888–1891)
  • Thomas Lyons, Governor (1892–1896)
  • George Digby Barker, Governor (1896–1901)
Became a British colony in 1838

United States

United States overseas territories

Caribbean Sea

  • Cuba: Spain ceded authority to the U.S. in 1899 (de jure from 1899).
  • President of the Assembly of Representatives of the Cuban Revolution
  • Domingo Méndez Capote, (1898)
  • Presidents of the Executive Council of the Assembly of Representatives of the Cuban Revolution
  • General Rafael María Portuondo Tomayo, (1898–1899)
  • General of Division José Lacret y Morlot, (1899)

Pacific Ocean

  • Territory of Hawaii Annexed by the U.S. in 1898. Organized as territory (1900—1959). Statehood in 1959.
  • Philippines Proclamation of independence (insurrection against Spain and then the U.S.; 12 1898–13 1902). The U.S. occupies Manila (14 1898). Treaty of Paris (1898) ceding the Philippines by Spain to the U.S., proclaimed Philippine Islands (11 1899). U.S territory (14 1898–3 1942)

Notes

This page was last updated at 2022-01-23 11:34 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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