List of political parties in Djibouti

Djibouti is a one party dominant state with the People's Rally for Progress currently in power. There are currently no opposition members in the National Assembly, partially because of the rule that the party or coalition with a majority vote in each district wins all of that district's seats [1]. This voting system is seen to facilitate the dominance of the pro-presidential coalition. The main opposition coalitions are the Union for Democratic Change (UAD) and Union for Democratic Movements (UMD).

The parties


Coalition Abbr. Parties Ideology Seats
Union for the Presidential Majority
Union pour la majorité présidentielle
UMP Social democracy
58 / 65
Djibouti Union for Democracy and Justice
Union Djiboutienne pour la Démocratie et la Justice
7 / 65


Name Native name Ideology Notes
People's Rally for Progress Rassemblement populaire pour le Progrès Socialism Dominant party since 1979
Front for the Restoration of Unity and Democracy Front pour la Restauration de l'Unité et de la Démocratie Afar interests
Third way
Liberal socialism
Party representing afar peoples
Social Democratic People's Party Parti Populaire Social Démocrate Social democracy Formed by a former RPP minister
Union of Reform Partisans Union des Partisans de la Réforme N/A Formed as an offshoot of FRUD


Name Native name Ideology Notes
National Democratic Party Parti National Démocratique N/A Boycotted its first election
Republican Alliance for Democracy Alliance Républicaine pour la Démocratie N/A Former member of the Union for a Democratic Change
Movement for Democratic Renewal and Development Mouvement pour le Renouveau Démocratique et le Développement Conservatism Former ally of the Front for the Restoration of Unity and Democracy
Djibouti Party for Development Parti Djiboutien pour le Développement N/A N/A
Djibouti Union for Democracy and Justice Union Djiboutienne pour la Démocratie et la Justice N/A N/A


Name Native name Ideology Notes
Afar Democratic Union Union démocratique afar Democratic socialism
Afar interests
Colonial-era political party
Democratic Union Issa Union démocratique issa Democratic socialism
Issa interests
Colonial-era political party
Party of the Popular Movement Parti du mouvement populaire Democratic socialism Colonial-era political party
Republican Union Union républicaine African nationalism
Somali nationalism
Colonial-era political party

See also

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