List of political parties in Mauritania

This article lists political parties in Mauritania.

After the Independence of the country in 1960, President Moktar Ould Daddah merged his Mauritanian Regroupment Party with other opposition parties to form the Mauritanian People's Party (PPM), which ruled the country as the sole legal party from 1961 to 1978. Following the July 1978 coup led by Mustafa Ould Salek, the party was abolished and banned, and Mauritania's civilian leadership was replaced with military rule until President Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya established the Democratic and Social Republican Party (PRDS) in 1992. Opposition political parties were allowed, but had no real chance of gaining power.

After the 2005 coup d'état, a transitional military junta was established, which liberalised the political arena, leading to an open and plural political system for the first time in the country's history. The junta organized a constitutional referendum that established term limits to then organize the 2006 parliamentary election and 2007 presidential election, in which members of the junta weren't allowed to run, to then hand power to the newly elected civilian government of Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi.

This government was couped in 2008 by General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz. The National Assembly continued to meet even if its powers were restricted, and Aziz won the 2009 presidential election after forming the Union for the Republic (UPR), which became the ruling party and won an absolute majority of seats in the 2013 parliamentary election, even if the "radical opposition", united in the National Front for the Defense of Democracy, was boycotting the election. Aziz won re-election in 2014, which were also boycotted by the "radical opposition". The opposition decided to run in the 2018 parliamentary election (with Mauritania then having 105 parties, most of them were disbanded by 2019) and in the 2019 presidential election since Aziz wasn't constitutionally allowed to seek a third term. The UPR, Aziz and their allies in the soon-to-be-formed Coordination of Parties of the Majority endorsed Mohamed Ould Ghazouani, a general that also participated in the 2005 and 2008 coups and was a close figure to Aziz, in the 2019 presidential election, which Ghazouani won with 52% of the vote. He then distanced himself with Aziz, who left the UPR, and oversaw the party's rebranding into the Equity Party (El Insaf).

Parties

Parties represented in Parliament

The table below lists the representation of parties in the 10th National Assembly.

Name Main ideology Position Party leader Deputies Government
El Insaf Populism
Liberal conservatism
Centre-right Mohamed Melainine Ould Eyih
107 / 176
Government
Tewassoul Sunni Islamism Right-wing Hamadi Ould Sidi Mokhtar
11 / 176
Opposition
UDP Centrism Centre Naha Mint Mouknass
10 / 176
Government
Hope Mauritania Egalitarianism
Multiracialism
Centre-left to left-wing Collective leadership
7 / 176
Opposition
AND Social democracy Centre Yacoub Ould Moine
6 / 176
External support
El Islah Populism
Reformism
Centre Mohamed Ould Talebna
6 / 176
External support
Sawab+ RAG Haratine interests
Social democracy
Centre-left Biram Dah Abeid
4 / 176
Opposition
Sawab Ba'athism
Arab nationalism
Syncretic Abdesselam Ould Horma
1 / 176
Opposition
El Karama Social liberalism
Social democracy
Centre Cheikhna Ould Hajbou
5 / 176
External support
Nida El Watan Mauritanian nationalism
Centralism
Right-wing Daoud Ould Ahmed Aicha
5 / 176
External support
CVE AJD/MR Black minority interests Big tent Ibrahima Moctar Sarr
4 / 176
Opposition
HATEM Islamic democracy
Economic liberalism
Right-wing Saleh Ould Hanenna
3 / 176
External support
HIWAR Youth interests
Social conservatism
Right-wing Valle Mint Mini
3 / 176
External support
El Vadila Islamism Right-wing Ethmane Ould Cheikh Ahmed Eboul Mealy
3 / 176
External support
PMM Sufi Islamism
Gerontocracy
Right-wing El Khalil Ould Ennahoui
1 / 176
External support
State of Justice Populism
Social conservatism
Right-wing Collective leadership
1 / 176
Opposition

Registered extra-parliamentary parties

Unregistered parties

Coalitions

See also


This page was last updated at 2023-12-23 11:18 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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