Detailed Pedia

List of retired Australian region cyclone names (Redirected from List of retired Australian cyclone names)

Satellite image of Cyclone Monica, the strongest recorded tropical cyclone in the Australian region by wind speed

Tropical cyclones are non-frontal, low-pressure systems that develop, within an environment of warm sea surface temperatures and little vertical wind shear aloft. Within the Australian region, names are assigned from three pre-determined lists, to such systems, once they reach or exceed ten–minute sustained wind speeds of 65 km/h (40 mph), near the center, by either the Australian Bureau of Meteorology or by the Tropical Cyclone Warning Centers in Jakarta, Indonesia and Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea. Within the Australian region, tropical cyclones have been officially named since the 1963–64 Australian region cyclone season, though several meteorological papers show that a few tropical cyclones were named before 1964–65. The names of significant tropical cyclones that cause a high amount of damage and/or loss of life are retired from the lists of tropical cyclone names by the World Meteorological Organization's RA V Tropical Cyclone Committee at their bi-annual meeting. Storms named by Port Moresby are automatically retired regardless of their impact due to their infrequent occurrence.

Within the Australian region, there have been a total of 114 tropical cyclone names retired, with the 1990s accounting for 44 of these. Among the retired storms are Cyclones Gwenda and Inigo, two of the most intense systems ever recorded in the Southern Hemisphere; both attained a barometric pressure of 900 hPa (26.58 inHg). The deadliest cyclone to have its named retired was Cyclone Seroja in 2021, which killed 272 people in Indonesia, East Timor and Australia, while the most damaging system to have its name retired was Severe Tropical Cyclone Tracy in 1974 which devastated the city of Darwin, leaving A$837 million (A$5.65 billion 2019 AUD; US$2.64 billion 2019 USD) in losses.

Background

Within the region the credit for the first usage of personal names for weather systems, is generally given to the Queensland Government Meteorologist Clement Wragge, who named systems between 1887 and 1907. Wragge used names drawn from the letters of the Greek alphabet, Greek and Roman mythology and female names, to describe weather systems including tropical cyclones over Australia, New Zealand and the Antarctic. After the new Australian government had failed to create a federal weather bureau and appoint him director, Wragge started naming cyclones after political figures. This system of naming weather systems subsequently fell into disuse for several years after Wragge retired, before the Australian Bureau of Meteorology started to use female names for tropical cyclones in the region during the 1963–64 cyclone season.

During the International Women's Year of 1975 the Australian Science Minister ordered that tropical cyclones, within the Australian region, should carry both men's and women's names. This was because the minister thought "that both sexes should bear the odium of the devastation caused by cyclones." As a result, male names were added to the lists of names for both basins, ahead of the 1975–76 season.

The practice of retiring significant names was started during 1955 by the United States Weather Bureau in the Northern Atlantic basin, after hurricanes Carol, Edna, and Hazel struck the Northeastern United States and caused a significant amount of damage in the previous year. Initially the names were only designed to be retired for ten years after which they might be reintroduced, however, it was decided at the 1969 Interdepartmental hurricane conference, that any significant hurricane in the future would have its name permanently retired. Several names have been removed from the Pacific naming lists for various other reasons than causing a significant amount of death/destruction, which include being pronounced in a very similar way to other names and political reasons.

Tropical cyclone names retired

Name Dates Peak intensity Areas affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths Refs
Category Wind speed Pressure
Audrey 7–14 January 1964 Category 2 tropical cyclone Not specified 983 hPa (29.03 inHg) Northern Territory, Queensland Extensive None
Flora 1–5 December 1964 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 140 km/h (85 mph) 965 hPa (28.50 inHg) Northern Territory, Queensland Extensive None
Dinah 22–31 January 1967 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 165 km/h (105 mph) 945 hPa (27.91 inHg) Queensland Severe None
Ada 1–19 January 1970 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 130 km/h (80 mph) 962 hPa (28.41 inHg) Queensland $8.9 million 13
Dora 10–17 February 1971 Category 1 tropical cyclone 75 km/h (45 mph) 990 hPa (29.23 inHg) Queensland Widespread None
Gertie
Fiona
10–28 February 1971 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 150 km/h (90 mph) 960 hPa (28.35 inHg) Northern Territory, Queensland None
Althea 10–27 December 1971 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 130 km/h (80 mph) 965 hPa (28.50 inHg) Queensland $18.5 million 3
Daisy 5–16 February 1972 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 130 km/h (80 mph) 959 hPa (28.32 inHg) Queensland $1.48 million None
Emily 27 March – 2 April 1972 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 155 km/h (100 mph) 945 hPa (27.91 inHg) Queensland 8
Madge 8–18 March 1973 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 165 km/h (105 mph) 952 hPa (28.11 inHg) Northern Territory, Queensland None
Wanda 20 – 25 January 1974 Category 2 tropical cyclone 95 km/h (60 mph) 998 hPa (29.47 inHg) Queensland, New South Wales $50.4 million 16
Tracy 21–26 December 1974 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 175 km/h (110 mph) 950 hPa (28.05 inHg) Northern Territory $1.48 billion 71
Trixie 15–22 February 1975 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 215 km/h (130 mph) 925 hPa (27.32 inHg) Western Australia $3.71 million None
Joan 30 November –
10 December 1975
Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 215 km/h (130 mph) 915 hPa (27.02 inHg) Western Australia $18.6 million None
Beth 13–22 February 1976 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 130 km/h (80 mph) 965 hPa (28.50 inHg) Queensland $3.13 million None
Ted 15–21 December 1976 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 185 km/h (115 mph) 950 hPa (28.05 inHg) Queensland None
Alby 27 March – 5 April 1978 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 205 km/h (125 mph) 930 hPa (27.46 inHg) Western Australia 37.1 million None
Simon 21–28 February 1980 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 165 km/h (105 mph) 950 hPa (28.05 inHg) Queensland, New Zealand Minor None
Cliff 8–15 February 1981 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 120 km/h (75 mph) 970 hPa (28.64 inHg) New Caledonia, Queensland
Vanuatu
Unknown None
Elinor 10 February – 3 March 1983 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 165 km/h (105 mph) 935 hPa (27.61 inHg) Queensland Minor None
Jane 2–11 January 1983 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 165 km/h (105 mph) 947 hPa (27.96 inHg) Western Australia None None
Kathy 16–24 March 1984 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 220 km/h (140 mph) 920 hPa (27.17 inHg) Cape York Peninsula, Northern Territory $12 million 1
Lance 4–7 April 1984 Category 2 tropical cyclone 110 km/h (70 mph) 980 hPa (28.94 inHg) Queensland None
Nigel 14–20 January 1985 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 150 km/h (90 mph) 955 hPa (28.20 inHg) Vanuatu, Fiji None
Sandy 20–24 March 1985 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 195 km/h (120 mph) 953 hPa (28.14 inHg) Northern Territory, Western Australia None
Margot 10–25 April 1985 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 155 km/h (100 mph) 942 hPa (27.82 inHg) Western Australia None
Winifred 27 January – 5 February 1986 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 155 km/h (100 mph) 957 hPa (28.26 inHg) Queensland $130 million 2
Manu 21–27 April 1986 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 130 km/h (80 mph) 970 hPa (28.64 inHg) Papua New Guinea, Queensland Extensive None
Connie 15–23 January 1987 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 155 km/h (100 mph) 950 hPa (28.05 inHg) Western Australia None
Jason 5–14 February 1987 Category 2 tropical cyclone 110 km/h (70 mph) 975 hPa (28.79 inHg) Northern Territory None
Elsie 22–27 February 1987 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 185 km/h (115 mph) 940 hPa (27.76 inHg) Western Australia None
Agi 8–16 January 1988 Category 2 tropical cyclone 110 km/h (70 mph) 980 hPa (28.94 inHg) Papua New Guinea, New Caledonia None
Charlie 21 February – 1 March 1988 Category 2 tropical cyclone 95 km/h (60 mph) 985 hPa (29.09 inHg) Queensland $200,000 1
Herbie 17–21 May 1988 Category 1 tropical cyclone 75 km/h (45 mph) 980 hPa (28.94 inHg) Western Australia $20 million None
Ilona 12–19 December 1988 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 150 km/h (90 mph) 960 hPa (28.35 inHg) Western Australia $741,800 None
Delilah 28 December 1988 –
4 January 1989
Category 2 tropical cyclone 100 km/h (65 mph) 988 hPa (29.18 inHg) New Caledonia, New Zealand 2
Ned 25 March – 1 April 1989 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 185 km/h (115 mph) 941 hPa (27.79 inHg) Western Australia Minor None
Aivu 31 March – 5 April 1989 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 205 km/h (125 mph) 935 hPa (27.61 inHg) Queensland $90 million 1
Orson 17–24 April 1989 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 240 km/h (150 mph) 905 hPa (26.72 inHg) Western Australia $16 million 5
Pedro 6–13 November 1989 Category 2 tropical cyclone 110 km/h (70 mph) 982 hPa (29.00 inHg) Cocos Island Minor None
Felicity 13–20 December 1989 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 140 km/h (85 mph) 970 hPa (28.64 inHg) Cape York Peninsula Minor None
Tina 25–28 January 1990 Category 2 tropical cyclone 95 km/h (60 mph) 976 hPa (28.82 inHg) Western Australia Minor None
Ivor March 15–26, 1990 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 165 km/h (105 mph) 965 hPa (28.50 inHg) Cape York Peninsula $15 million None
Joy 15–27 December 1990 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 165 km/h (105 mph) 940 hPa (27.76 inHg) Solomon Islands, Queensland $135 million 6
Daphne 21–28 February 1991 Category 2 tropical cyclone 110 km/h (70 mph) 976 hPa (28.82 inHg) Northern Australia None None
Fifi 15–20 April 1991 Category 2 tropical cyclone 110 km/h (70 mph) 975 hPa (28.79 inHg) Western Australia $1.03 million 29
Mark 6–10 January 1992 Category 2 tropical cyclone 100 km/h (65 mph) 980 hPa (28.94 inHg) Queensland, Northern Territory $3.5 million None
Ian 27 February – 3 March 1992 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 195 km/h (120 mph) 930 hPa (27.46 inHg) Western Australia None
Nina 21 December 1992 –
5 January 1993
Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 165 km/h (105 mph) 960 hPa (28.35 inHg) Queensland, Tonga, Papua New Guinea
Solomon Islands, Wallis and Futuna
$1 million 32
Lena 22 January –
2 February 1993
Category 2 tropical cyclone 100 km/h (65 mph) 980 hPa (28.94 inHg) None None None
Oliver 5–14 February 1993 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 185 km/h (115 mph) 950 hPa (28.05 inHg) Queensland None
Roger 12–21 March 1993 Category 2 tropical cyclone 110 km/h (70 mph) 980 hPa (28.94 inHg) Solomon Islands, New Caledonia None
Adel 13–15 May 1993 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 120 km/h (75 mph) 970 hPa (28.64 inHg) Papua New Guinea 3
Naomi 15–18 December 1993 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 150 km/h (90 mph) 960 hPa (28.35 inHg) Western Australia None
Pearl 11–21 January 1994 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 155 km/h (100 mph) 960 hPa (28.35 inHg) None None None
Quenton 22–29 January 1994 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 150 km/h (90 mph) 955 hPa (28.20 inHg) None None None
Theodore 22–28 February 1994 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 215 km/h (130 mph) 910 hPa (26.87 inHg) Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
New Caledonia
Unknown 1
Sharon 12–22 March 1994 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 195 km/h (120 mph) 930 hPa (27.46 inHg) Indonesia, Western Australia None None
Annette 12–20 December 1994 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 195 km/h (120 mph) 925 hPa (27.32 inHg) Western Australia, South Australia None
Bobby 19–27 February 1995 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 195 km/h (120 mph) 925 hPa (27.32 inHg) Northern Territory, Western Australia 8
Violet 3–6 March 1995 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 155 km/h (100 mph) 960 hPa (28.35 inHg) Lord Howe Island, New South Wales Minor None
Warren 4–6 March 1995 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 150 km/h (90 mph) 960 hPa (28.35 inHg) Queensland, Northern Territory None
Chloe 3–9 April 1995 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 220 km/h (140 mph) 920 hPa (27.17 inHg) Northern Territory, Western Australia None None
Agnes 16–22 April 1995 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 185 km/h (115 mph) 945 hPa (27.91 inHg) None None None
Frank 6–13 December 1995 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 175 km/h (110 mph) 950 hPa (28.05 inHg) Western Australia Minor None
Gertie 17–22 December 1995 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 140 km/h (85 mph) 965 hPa (28.50 inHg) Australia None
Barry 4–7 January 1996 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 185 km/h (115 mph) 950 hPa (28.05 inHg) Queensland None None
Celeste 26–29 January 1996 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 130 km/h (80 mph) 965 hPa (28.50 inHg) Queensland None
Ethel 7–13 March 1996 Category 2 tropical cyclone 100 km/h (65 mph) 982 hPa (29.00 inHg) Queensland, Northern Territory None
Kirsty 7–14 March 1996 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 185 km/h (115 mph) 935 hPa (27.61 inHg) Western Australia None
Olivia 5–12 April 1996 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 195 km/h (120 mph) 925 hPa (27.32 inHg) Western Australia, South Australia None
Lindsay 9–13 July 1996 Category 1 tropical cyclone 75 km/h (45 mph) 990 hPa (29.23 inHg) None None None
Fergus 23 December 1996 –
1 January 1997
Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 155 km/h (100 mph) 955 hPa (28.20 inHg) Solomon Islands, New Zealand 4
Rachel 3–8 January 1997 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 130 km/h (80 mph) 965 hPa (28.50 inHg) Northern Territory, Western Australia Minor None
Justin 6–24 March 1997 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 150 km/h (90 mph) 955 hPa (28.20 inHg) Papua New Guinea, Queensland $190 million 37
Rhonda 11–17 May 1997 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 175 km/h (110 mph) 935 hPa (27.61 inHg) Cocos Islands, Western Australia None None
Katrina 1–25 January 1998 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 165 km/h (105 mph) 940 hPa (27.76 inHg) Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Queensland $8.66 million 2
Sid 24–29 December 1998 Category 1 tropical cyclone 85 km/h (50 mph) 985 hPa (29.09 inHg) Northern Territory $100 million 1
Thelma 3–15 December 1998 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 220 km/h (140 mph) 920 hPa (27.17 inHg) Northern Territory, Western Australia 1
Rona 10–21 February 1999 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 140 km/h (85 mph) 970 hPa (28.64 inHg) Eastern Australia, New Caledonia $150 million 7
Vance 16–23 March 1999 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 220 km/h (140 mph) 910 hPa (26.87 inHg) Northern Territory, Western Australia -$303 million None
Elaine 16–20 March 1999 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 165 km/h (105 mph) 945 hPa (27.91 inHg) Western Australia None
Gwenda 2–8 April 1999 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 220 km/h (140 mph) 900 hPa (26.58 inHg) Western Australia Minimal None
John 10–15 December 1999 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 205 km/h (125 mph) 915 hPa (27.02 inHg) Western Australia $300 million None
Steve 25 February – 11 March 2000 Category 2 tropical cyclone 110 km/h (70 mph) 975 hPa (28.79 inHg) Northern Australia, Western Australia $90 million 1
Tessi 1–3 April 2000 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 130 km/h (80 mph) 980 hPa (28.94 inHg) Queensland $60 million None
Rosita 17–21 April 2000 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 215 km/h (130 mph) 930 hPa (27.46 inHg) Western Australia None
Sam 28 November –
10 December 2000
Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 205 km/h (125 mph) 935 hPa (27.61 inHg) North-Western Australia None
Abigail 24 February – 8 March 2001 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 120 km/h (75 mph) 970 hPa (28.64 inHg) Northern Territory, Queensland None
Upia 21 – 29 May 2002 Category 1 tropical cyclone 65 km/h (40 mph) 995 hPa (29.38 inHg) Papua New Guinea Unknown Unknown [citation needed]
Erica 1–17 March 2003 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 215 km/h (130 mph) 915 hPa (27.02 inHg) Queensland, New Caledonia None
Graham 27 February – 1 March 2003 Category 1 tropical cyclone 75 km/h (45 mph) 985 hPa (29.09 inHg) Western Australia Unknown 1
Inigo 31 March – 8 April 2003 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 230 km/h (145 mph) 900 hPa (26.58 inHg) Indonesia, Western Australia None
Epi 5 – 6 June 2003 Category 1 tropical cyclone 65 km/h (40 mph) 993 hPa (29.32 inHg) Papua New Guinea Unknown Unknown [citation needed]
Monty 25 February – 3 March 2004 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 185 km/h (115 mph) 935 hPa (27.61 inHg) Western Australia None
Fay 12–28 March 2004 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 215 km/h (130 mph) 920 hPa (27.17 inHg) North-Western Australia None
Harvey 3–7 February 2005 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 140 km/h (85 mph) 967 hPa (28.56 inHg) Northern Territory None
Ingrid 4–16 March 2005 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 230 km/h (145 mph) 924 hPa (27.29 inHg) Papua New Guinea, Northern Australia None
Clare 6–10 January 2006 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 140 km/h (85 mph) 960 hPa (28.35 inHg) Western Australia $2.35 million None
Larry 15–20 March 2006 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 185 km/h (115 mph) 935 hPa (27.61 inHg) Queensland $1.18 billion None
Glenda 22–31 March 2006 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 205 km/h (125 mph) 910 hPa (26.87 inHg) Western Australia $965,000 None
Monica 16–27 April 2006 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 250 km/h (155 mph) 916 hPa (27.05 inHg) Queensland, Northern Territory $5.1 million None
George 27 February –
11 March 2007
Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 205 km/h (125 mph) 902 hPa (26.64 inHg) North-Western Australia $100 million 2
Guba 11 -20 November 2007 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 120 km/h (75 mph) 971 hPa (28.67 inHg) Papua New Guinea $71.4 million 149
Helen 1 –7 January 2008 Category 2 tropical cyclone 95 km/h (60 mph) 975 hPa (28.79 inHg) Northern Territory 1
Durga 20–26 April 2008 Category 2 tropical cyclone 95 km/h (60 mph) 988 hPa (29.18 inHg) None None None
Hamish 4–14 March 2009 Category 5 tropical cyclone 215 km/h (130 mph) 924 hPa (27.29 inHg) Queensland $38 million 2
Laurence 8–23 December 2009 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 205 km/h (125 mph) 925 hPa (27.32 inHg) Western Australia $8.9 million None
Magda 18–24 January 2010 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 130 km/h (80 mph) 975 hPa (28.79 inHg) Western Australia Minor None
Carlos 12–27 February 2011 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 120 km/h (75 mph) 969 hPa (28.61 inHg) Northern Territory, Western Australia $12.3 million None
Heidi 9–13 January 2012 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 150 km/h (90 mph) 960 hPa (28.35 inHg) Western Australia Minimal None
Jasmine 31 January –
16 February 2012
Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 195 km/h (120 mph) 937 hPa (27.67 inHg) Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Tonga
Lua 10–18 March 2012 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 155 km/h (100 mph) 935 hPa (27.61 inHg) Western Australia $230 million None
Oswald 17–29 January 2013 Category 1 tropical cyclone 65 km/h (40 mph) 991 hPa (29.26 inHg) Eastern Australia $2.28 billion 6 [citation needed]
Rusty 22–28 February 2013 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 165 km/h (105 mph) 944 hPa (27.88 inHg) Western Australia Minor None
Christine 25 December 2013 –
1 January 2014
Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 165 km/h (105 mph) 948 hPa (27.99 inHg) Western Australia Minor None
Ita 1–14 April 2014 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 215 km/h (130 mph) 922 hPa (27.23 inHg) Solomon Islands, Queensland
Papua New Guinea, New Zealand
$1.15 billion 22
Lam 12–20 February 2015 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 185 km/h (115 mph) 943 hPa (27.85 inHg) Northern Australia $64.4 million None
Marcia 15–26 February 2015 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 205 km/h (125 mph) 932 hPa (27.52 inHg) Queensland $591 million None
Olwyn 8–14 April 2015 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 140 km/h (85 mph) 955 hPa (28.20 inHg) Western Australia $76.3 million None
Debbie 23 March – 7 April 2017 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 195 km/h (120 mph) 943 hPa (27.85 inHg) Queensland $2.67 billion 14
Marcus 14–27 March 2018 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 230 km/h (145 mph) 905 hPa (26.72 inHg) Northern Territory, Western Australia $75 million None
Trevor 15–26 March 2019 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 175 km/h (110 mph) 950 hPa (28.05 inHg) Queensland, Northern Territory >$750,000 None
Veronica 18–31 March 2019 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 215 km/h (130 mph) 928 hPa (27.40 inHg) Western Australia $1.65 billion None
Damien 3–9 February 2020 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 150 km/h (90 mph) 955 hPa (28.20 inHg) Western Australia $4.3 million None
Harold 1–11 April 2020 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 230 km/h (145 mph) 920 hPa (27.17 inHg) Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
Vanuatu, Fiji, Tonga
$169 million ≥30
Mangga 19 - 23 May 2020 Category 1 tropical cyclone 65 km/h (40 mph) 995 hPa (29.38 inHg) Western Australia Unknown Unknown [citation needed]
Seroja 3–12 April 2021 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 120 km/h (75 mph) 971 hPa (28.67 inHg) Indonesia, East Timor, Western Australia $491 million 272
Extensive None

See also

This page was last updated at 2022-08-11 17:13 UTC. Update now. View original page.

All our content comes from Wikipedia and under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.

Contact

Top