List of web browsers

Timeline representing the history of various web browsers

The following is a list of web browsers that are notable.

Historical

Usage share of web browsers according to StatCounter till 2019-05. See HTML5 beginnings, Presto rendering engine deprecation and Chrome's dominance.

This is a table of personal computer web browsers by year of release of major version. The increased growth of the Internet in the 1990s and 2000s means that current browsers with small market shares have more total users than the entire market early on. For example, 90% market share in 1997 would be roughly 60 million users, but by the start of 2007 9% market share would equate to over 90 million users.

Year Web browsers
1990 WorldWideWeb (Nexus)
1991 Line Mode Browser
1992 Erwise, MacWWW (Samba), MidasWWW, ViolaWWW
1993 AMosaic 1.0, Arena, Cello, Lynx 2.0, Mosaic
1994 Agora (Argo), IBM WebExplorer, IBrowse, MacWeb, Minuet, Netscape Navigator, SlipKnot 1.0
1995 Grail, Internet Explorer 1, Internet Explorer 2, Netscape Navigator 2.0, OmniWeb, UdiWWW,
1996 Amaya 0.9, Arachne 1.0, AWeb, Cyberdog, Internet Explorer 3.0, Netscape Navigator 3.0, Opera 2.0, PowerBrowser 1.5, Voyager
1997 Amaya 1.0, Internet Explorer 4.0, Netscape Navigator 4.0, Netscape Communicator 4.0, Opera 3.0
1998 iCab, Mozilla
1999 Amaya 2.0, Mozilla M3, Internet Explorer 5.0
2000 Amaya 3.0, Amaya 4.0, K-Meleon 0.2, Konqueror, Netscape 6, Opera 4, Opera 5,
2001 Amaya 5.0, Internet Explorer 6, Galeon 1.0, Opera 6,
2002 Amaya 6.0, Amaya 7.0,Phoenix 0.1, Netscape 7, Mozilla 1.0, Links 2.0
2003 Amaya 8.0, Epiphany 1.0, Opera 7, Apple Safari 1.0,
2004 Firefox 1.0, Netscape Browser, OmniWeb 5.0
2005 Amaya 9.0, AOL Explorer 1.0, Epiphany 1.8, Maxthon 1.0, Netscape Browser 8.0, Opera 8, Apple Safari 2.0, Shiira 1.0
2006 Avant 11, Camino 1.0, Galeon 2.0, iCab 3, K-Meleon 1.0, Mozilla Firefox 2.0, Internet Explorer 7, Opera 9,, SeaMonkey 1.0
2007 Conkeror, Flock 1.0, Apple Safari 3.0, Netscape Navigator 9, NetSurf 1.0
2008 Google Chrome 1, Maxthon 2.0, Mozilla Firefox 3, Opera 9.5,, Apple Safari 3.1, Konqueror 4, Amaya 10.0, Flock 2, Amaya 11.0
2009 Google Chrome 2–3, Mozilla Firefox 3.5, Internet Explorer 8, Opera 10,, Apple Safari 4, SeaMonkey 2, Camino 2, surf, Pale Moon 3.0
2010 Google Chrome 4–8, Mozilla Firefox 3.6, Opera 10.50,, Opera 11, Apple Safari 5, K-Meleon 1.5.4, xxxterm
2011 Google Chrome 9–16, Mozilla Firefox 4–9, Internet Explorer 9, Opera 11.50, Apple Safari 5.1, Maxthon 3.0, SeaMonkey 2.1–2.6
2012 Google Chrome 17–23, Mozilla Firefox 10–17, Internet Explorer 10, Opera 12, Apple Safari 6, Maxthon 4.0, SeaMonkey 2.7–2.14
2013 Google Chrome 24–31, Mozilla Firefox 18–26, Internet Explorer 11, Opera 15–18, Pale Moon 15.4–24.2.2, Apple Safari 7, SeaMonkey 2.15–2.23
2014 Google Chrome 32–39, Mozilla Firefox 27–34, Opera 19–26, Pale Moon 24.3.0–25.1.0, Apple Safari 8, SeaMonkey 2.24–2.30
2015 Google Chrome 40–47, Microsoft Edge, Mozilla Firefox 35–43, Opera 27–34, Pale Moon 25.2.0–25.8.1, Vivaldi
2016 Google Chrome 48–55, Mozilla Firefox 44–50, Microsoft Edge 14, Opera 35–42, Pale Moon 26.0.0–27.0.3, Apple Safari 9–10, SeaMonkey 2.24–2.30
2017 Google Chrome 56–60, Microsoft Edge 15, Mozilla Firefox 51–55.0.2, Opera 43–45, Opera Neon, Pale Moon 27.1.0–27.6.2, Safari 10–11
2018 Chrome 64–71, Firefox 58–64, Microsoft Edge 42–44, Opera 50–57, Pale Moon 27.7.0–28.2.2, Safari 11–12, Vivaldi 1.14–2.2
2019 Chrome 72–79, Firefox 65–71, Microsoft Edge, Opera 58–65, Pale Moon 28.3.0–28.8.0, Safari 12–13, SeaMonkey, Vivaldi 2.2–2.10, Yandex.browser
2020 Chrome 80–87, Firefox 72–84, Microsoft Edge, Opera 66–73, Pale Moon 28.8.1–28.17.0, Safari 13–14, SeaMonkey, Vivaldi 2.10–3.5, Yandex.browser
2021 Chrome 88–96, Firefox 85–95, Microsoft Edge 88–96, Opera 74–82, Pale Moon 29.0.0–29.4.3, Safari 15, Vivaldi 3.6–5.0
2022 Chrome 97–107, Firefox 96–107, Microsoft Edge 97–107, Opera 83–93, Pale Moon 29.4.4-31.4.2, Safari 15.4–16, Vivaldi 5.1–5.5

Layout engines

Graphical

Current and maintained projects are listed in boldface.

Trident shells

Other software publishers have built browsers and other products around Microsoft's Trident engine. The following browsers are all based on that rendering engine:

Gecko-based

Goanna-based

  • Basilisk – similar to Pale Moon, but with the interface of Firefox 29–56 and a few other differences
  • K-Meleon – starting from version 77 (2019)
  • Pale Moon – a fork of Firefox that maintains support for XUL/XPCOM extensions and retains the user interface of the Firefox 4–28 era

Gecko- and Trident-based

Browsers that use both Trident and Gecko include:

Webkit- and Trident-based

Blink- and Trident-based

Gecko-, Trident-, and Blink-based

Browsers that can use Trident, Gecko and Blink include:

KHTML-based

Presto-based

WebKit-based

Status Browser
Aloha Browser (iOS and Android)
experimental Amazon Kindle NetFront Browser
discontinued Arora
discontinued BOLT browser
Google Chrome for iOS
Dolphin Browser (Android and Bada)
discontinued Dooble (qtwebkit version discontinued) (up to Version 1.56)
DuckDuckGo for Mac
Firefox for iOS
discontinued Flock (version 3.0 and above)
GNOME Web (Epiphany)
iCab (version 4 uses WebKit; earlier versions used its own rendering engine)
discontinued Iris Browser
Konqueror (version 4 can use WebKit as an alternative to its native KHTML)
Maxthon (version 3.0 to 5.0. Since version 6 Maxthon uses Chromium)
Midori
Microsoft Edge for iOS
Nintendo 3DS NetFront Browser
discontinued OmniWeb
Otter Browser (uses Blink and WebKit; aims to recreate the features of old Opera)
discontinued OWB
discontinued QtWeb
qutebrowser (a Blink-based backend is currently used by default)
Roccat Browser
discontinued Rekonq
Safari
discontinued PhantomJS (a headless browser)
discontinued Shiira
discontinued SlimBoat
discontinued Steel for Android
surf
discontinued Uzbl
discontinued Web Browser for S60, used in all Nokia Symbian smartphones
discontinued webOS, used in the Palm Pre, Palm Pixi, Pre 2, HP Veer, Pre 3, and TouchPad mobile devices
WebPositive, browser in Haiku
discontinued xombrero

Blink-based

EdgeHTML-based

For Java platform

Specialty browsers

Browsers created for enhancements of specific browsing activities.

Current

Discontinued

  • Flock (To enhance social networking, blogging, photo-sharing, and RSS news-reading)
  • Ghostzilla (Blends into the GUI to hide activity)
  • Gollum browser (Created specially for browsing Wikipedia)
  • Kirix Strata (Designed for data analytics)
  • Miro (A media browser that integrates BitTorrent add-on)
  • Nightingale (open source audio player and web browser based on the Songbird (see below) media player source code)
  • Prodigy Classic (Executable only within the application)
  • RockMelt (Designed to combine web browsing, and social activities such as Facebook and Twitter into a unified one window experience)
  • Songbird (browser with advanced audio streaming features and built-in media player with library.)

Mosaic-based

Mosaic was the first widely used web browser. The National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) licensed the technology and many companies built their own web browser on Mosaic. The best known are the first versions of Internet Explorer and Netscape.

Others

Mobile browsers

Text-based

See also


This page was last updated at 2023-05-01 20:53 UTC. Update now. View original page.

All our content comes from Wikipedia and under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.


Top

If mathematical, chemical, physical and other formulas are not displayed correctly on this page, please useFirefox or Safari