Majoron

Majoron
CompositionElementary particle
StatisticsBosonic
FamilyGoldstone Boson
StatusHypothetical
SymbolJ
TheorizedY. Chikashige, R. N. Mohapatra, and R. D. Peccei
Massunknown
Electric charge0 e
Spin0

In particle physics, majorons (named after Ettore Majorana) are a hypothetical type of Goldstone boson that are conjectured to mediate the neutrino mass violation of lepton number or BL in certain high energy collisions such as


e
 + 
e
 → 
W
 + 
W
 + 
J

Where two electrons collide to form two W bosons and the majoron J. The U(1)B–L symmetry is assumed to be global so that the majoron is not "eaten up"[clarification needed] by the gauge boson and spontaneously broken. Majorons were originally formulated in four dimensions by Y. Chikashige, R. N. Mohapatra and R. D. Peccei to understand neutrino masses by the seesaw mechanism and are being searched for in the neutrino-less double beta decay process. The name majoron was suggested by Graciela Gelmini as a derivative of the last name Majorana with the suffix -on typical of particle names like electron, proton, neutron, etc. There are theoretical extensions of this idea into supersymmetric theories and theories involving extra compactified dimensions. By propagating through the extra spatial dimensions the detectable number of majoron creation events vary accordingly. Mathematically, majorons may be modeled by allowing them to propagate through a material while all other Standard Model forces are fixed to an orbifold point.

Searches

Experiments studying double beta decay have set limits on decay modes that emit majorons.

NEMO has observed a variety of elements. EXO and Kamland-Zen have set half-life limits for majoron decays in xenon.


This page was last updated at 2023-11-16 01:49 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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