Mary of Looz-Heinsberg

Mary of Looz-Heinsberg
Countess Consort of Nassau-Siegen
PM 060203 NL Breda.jpg
Countess Mary of Nassau-Siegen, nee Lady of Looz-Heinsberg, detail of the grave monument in the Grote Kerk in Breda. Photo: Paul M.R. Maeyaert, 2011.
Coat of armsLoon-Chiny-Heinsberg Arms.svg
Native nameMaria van Loon-Heinsberg
Born1424
Died20 April 1502
BuriedGrote Kerk, Breda
Noble familyHouse of Looz
Spouse(s)John IV of Nassau-Siegen
Issue
Detail
FatherJohn II of Loon-Heinsberg
MotherAnne of Solms

Lady Mary of Looz-Heinsberg (1424 – 20 April 1502), Dutch: Maria van Loon-Heinsberg, was a noble lady from the House of Looz and through marriage Countess of Nassau-Siegen.

Biography

Mary was born in 1424 as the eldest daughter of Lord John II of Looz-Heinsberg and his second wife Countess Anne of Solms. Her older halfbrother John was Prince-bishop of Liège.

Count John IV of Nassau-Siegen and his wife Lady Mary of Looz-Heinsberg. Design drawing by Bernard van Orley for the tapestry series with the genealogy of the House of Nassau, 1528–1530. Getty Center, Los Angeles.

Mary married on 7 February 1440 to Count John IV of Nassau-Siegen (Breda Castle, 1 August 1410 – Dillenburg, 3 February 1475), the eldest son of Count Engelbert I of Nassau-Siegen and Lady Joanne of Polanen. In the period between the marriage and the death of John’s father in 1442, Mary and John lived in the house De Herberghe in the Reigerstraat in Breda. After that they had their main Residenz in Breda Castle, from where John managed his domains located in the Netherlands. John also succeeded his father as Count of Nassau-Siegen together with his brother Henry II. On 22 February 1447 John and his brother Henry divided their possessions, whereby John received the possessions in the Netherlands, ¼ of the County of Vianden, as well as Herborn.

Mary was known as a very devout Catholic. At the initiative of Mary and John the Sacrament of Niervaert [nl] was transferred to the Grote Kerk in Breda in 1449. This was a miraculous host whose history is told in the Middle Dutch play Spel vanden heilighen sacramente vander Nyeuwervaert [nl] and which is also depicted on the Retable of the Sacrament of Niervaert [nl] from around 1535.

After the death of his brother in 1451, John inherited his brother’s possessions. His widespread possessions forced John to travel constantly, in order to govern his possessions well. When John was in his county, he governed it from Siegen or Dillenburg. When the count’s family started staying in the county more often, a court was established. John had Dillenburg Castle – which until then had been used primarily as a stronghold against the unruly local nobility – extended in the period 1453–1467 and rebuilt into a residential castle for the count’s family. In 1464 Mary had a church chair made in the castle chapel and a shrine for the Blessed Sacrament.

In 1469 Mary sent for rosemary and other herbs to be brought to Dillenburg from the Rhine (Cologne or Koblenz), presumably because of the plague. This is the oldest surviving report in the accounts about medicines.

Through the marriage to Mary, John obtained the heerlijkheden of Herstal, Vught, Gangelt, Waldfeucht and the Land of Millen [de], so that he possessed ¼ of the Duchy of Jülich. This led to a dispute with John’s distant relative Count John II of Nassau-Saarbrücken, who was married to Lady Jeanne of Looz-Heinsberg, the daughter and heiress of Lord John IV of Looz-Heinsberg. At Mary’s husband’s request, Emperor Frederick III declared on 28 May 1470 that by granting the entire Duchy of Jülich to Duke Gerhard VII, the claims of Mary and her sister Philippa of Looz-Heinsberg, were not to be affected. Apparently this had no effect, because in 1471 or 1472 the Emperor ordered Duke Charles ‘the Bold’ of Burgundy to settle on his behalf the dispute between Gerhard on the one hand and Mary and John on the other. In 1474, the Emperor withdrew the order to Charles ‘the Bold’ and instead transferred the matter to Archbishop John II of Trier. The dispute became more complicated when in 1472 Gerhard VII’s son William married to Countess Elisabeth of Nassau-Saarbrücken, John II’s eldest daughter, who had inherited her mother’s possessions. The dispute was only settled when on 25 August 1499 Mary’s eldest son Engelbert II transferred his half of the castle and the land of Millen with the towns of Gangelt and Vught to Duke William of Jülich and Berg and received in exchange from the latter on 27 August 1499 the city and the land of Diest and the castle and the land of Zichem and Zeelhem.

As a widow Mary founded Vredenburg Abbey in Bavel in 1476, and the convent of the Grey Sisters [nl] in 1478. She also devoted herself to the nunnery Saint Catherinadal Abbey in Breda. And in 1486 she generously endowed Saint Wendelin’s chapel in Breda.

Mary stipulated in her will and testament, drawn up in 1501, that the Rentmeister [de] should distribute 100 malters [de] of grain from her estate for the poor of Dillenburg. She died in Siegen on 20 April 1502 and was buried in the Grote Kerk in Breda.

Issue

From the marriage of Mary and John the following children were born:

  1. Anne (1440 or 1441 – Celle, 5 or 8 April 1514), married:
    1. on 28 October 1467 to Duke Otto II of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1439 – January 1471);
    2. on 24 January 1474 to Count Philip ‘the Elder’ of Katzenelnbogen (1402 – 28 July 1479).
  2. Joanne (1444 – May 1468), married on 14 October 1464 to Count Philip I of Waldeck-Waldeck (1445 – 1475).
  3. Ottilie (ca. 1445 – Alkmaar, 22 April 1495). Was a nun in the Bethany Abbey near Mechelen until 1463 and then in the Saint Catherinadal Abbey in Breda 1463–1476. Was first prioress of Vredenburg Abbey in Bavel 1476–1495.
  4. Adriana (Breda, 7 February 1449 – 15 January 1477), married on 12 September 1468 to Count Philip I of Hanau-Münzenberg (21 September 1449 – 26 August 1500).
  5. Count Engelbert II ‘the Illustrious’ (Breda, 17 May 1451 – Brussels, 31 May 1504), succeeded his father in the possessions in the Netherlands. Married in Koblenz on 19 December 1468 to Margravine Cimburga of Baden [nl] (15 May 1450 – Breda, 5 July 1501).
  6. Count John V (Breda, 9 November 1455 – Dillenburg or Siegen, 30 July 1516), succeeded his father in Nassau-Siegen and Diez. Married in Marburg on 11 February 1482 to Landgravine Elisabeth of Hesse-Marburg (Marburg, May 1466 – Cologne, 17 January 1523).

Ancestors

Ancestors of Mary of Looz-Heinsberg
Great-great-grandparents Godfrey I of Heinsberg
(?–1331)
⚭before 1299
Mathilde of Looz
(?–1313)
Henry of Voorne
(?–after 1327)

?
(?–?)
Gerhard V of Jülich
(?–1328)
⚭ 1299
Elisabeth of Brabant-Aarschot
(ca. 1280–1350/55)
William I of Hainaut
(ca. 1286–1328)
⚭ 1305
Joan of Valois
(ca. 1284–1342)
Henry IV of Solms
(?–1311/12)
⚭ before 1295
Elisabeth of Lippe
(?–after 1325)
?
(?–?)

?
(?–?)
Kuno II of Falkenstein
(ca. 1290–1334)
⚭ before 1312
Anne of Nassau-Hadamar
(?–before 1329)
Philip V of Falkenstein
(?–1343)

Elisabeth
(?–?)
Great-grandparents John I of Heinsberg
(?–1334)
⚭ ca. 1324
Catherine of Voorne
(?–1366)
William I of Jülich
(?–1362)
⚭ 1324
Joanna of Hainaut
(1311/13–1374)
Bernhard of Solms
(?–1347/49)

?
(?–?)
Philip VI of Falkenstein
(?–1372/73)
⚭ before 1363
Agnes of Falkenstein
(?–1380)
Grandparents Godfrey II of Heinsberg
(?–1395)
⚭ 1357
Philippa of Jülich
(?–1390)
Otto I of Solms
(?–1410)

Agnes of Falkenstein
(ca. 1358–1409)
Parents John II of Looz-Heinsberg
(?–1438)
⚭ 1423
Anne of Solms
(?–1433)

Literature

  • Kremer, Christoph Jacob (1786). Geschichte der Herrn von Heinsberg des jüngern Geschlechts im Herzogthum Gülch. Nebst einigen diplomatischen Nachrichten vom Geschlechte der alten Herrn von Diest (in German). Giessen: Krieger dem jüngern.

Notes

  1. ^ In English and French the county her name originated from is called Looz, while in Dutch and German it is called Loon.
  2. ^ Van Ditzhuyzen (2004), p. 151, however, mentions 1426 as her year of birth.
  3. ^ The sources do not mention a place of marriage. Van Ditzhuyzen (2004), p. 151 mentions the date of marriage 7/17 February 1440.
  4. ^ Most of the sources do not mention a place of birth. Van Ditzhuyzen (2004), p. 151 mentions Dillenburg as place of birth, but that place of birth is very unlikely as his parents resided in the Netherlands in those days.
  5. ^ Strinkingly Jansen (1979), p. 31 states that what Mary was bringing in, was quite modest.
  6. ^ Lück (1981), p. 25 mentions that Mary was buried in the St. John’s Church of the Franciscan monastery in Siegen, which was founded by her son John V. Since Mary is not mentioned in the records of the members of the House of Nassau buried in St. Mary’s Church in Siegen – where they were reburied in 1836 from the aforementioned monastery church –, the author probably made a mistake.
  7. ^ Katzenelnbogen, Anna Gräfin von states that she was born in Dillenburg. That is very unlikely as her parents resided in Breda at that time according to Van Ditzhuyzen (2004), p. 152.
  8. ^ The date of death 8 April 1514 in Dek (1970), p. 69, and 5 April 1514 in Vorsterman van Oyen (1882), p. 94, and Katzenelnbogen, Anna Gräfin von.
  9. ^ The date of death 8 or 19 January 1471 in Schutte (1979), p. 41, 8 January 1471 in Dek (1970), p. 69, 19 January 1471 in Vorsterman van Oyen (1882), p. 94, and 17 January 1471 in Spehr, Ferdinand (1880). "Heinrich der Mittlere, Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg". Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (in German). Vol. Band 11. Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot. p. 492.
  10. ^ The date of death 27 or 28 July 1479 in Schutte (1979), p. 41, and 27 June 1479 in Vorsterman van Oyen (1882), p. 94.
  11. ^ The date of death 11 or 15 June 1477 in Schutte (1979), p. 42, and 11 June 1477 in Vorsterman van Oyen (1882), p. 94.
  12. ^ Schutte (1979), p. 42 and Dek (1970), p. 70 mention Dillenburg as place of death, and Vorsterman van Oyen (1882), p. 95 states Dillenburg Castle. Assman & Menk (1996), however, mention Siegen Castle as place of death and Joachim (1881), p. 253 states Siegen.
  13. ^ Schutte (1979), p. 42 mentions the date 7 or 17 January 1523

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