Medu vada

Medu vada
Alternative namesGarelu, Uddina vade, Medhu vada, Uddi vada, Minapa garelu, Uzhunnu vada, Udid Vada, Ulundu vadai, Urad vada, Ulundu wade, Urdi bara, Batuk
Place of originIndia
Region or stateSouth India, Sri Lanka
Serving temperatureWarm (with sambar and coconut chutney) or room temperature (with yogurt)
Main ingredientsUrad dal (Split Black gram), Rice
Similar dishesOther vadas, mat pe kyaw

Medu vada (pronounced [meːd̪ʊ vəɽaː]; lit.'soft vada') is a South Indian breakfast snack made from Vigna mungo (black lentil). It is usually made in a doughnut shape, with a crispy exterior and soft interior. A popular food item in South Indian cuisine it is generally eaten as a breakfast or a snack.


"Medu" is the Malayalam, Kannada and Tamil word for "soft"; "medu vada" thus literally means "soft fritter". The dish is often mentioned simply as "vada" on menus or as uddina vade Kannada, urad vada, medhu vadai, ulundu vadai (Tamil), garelu (Telugu), uzhunnu vada (Malayalam), and batuk (Nepali).


According to Vir Sanghvi, the origin of medu vada can be traced with "some certainty" to the Maddur town in present-day Karnataka. The dish was made popular outside South India by Udupi restaurateurs of Mumbai.


The medu vada is made primarily of black lentils (urad dal) batter. The black lentils are soaked in water for several hours, and then ground to a paste. The paste may be flavoured with other ingredients such as asafoetida, methi seeds (fenugreek), ginger, cumin seeds, black pepper, curry leaves, chillies and coconut pieces. It is then patted into doughnut-shapes and fried in oil until golden brown.

One variation involves baking instead of frying. Other variations of the dish involve use of pulses other than black lentils. For example, am-bada (or aama vadai) is made with chana dal (split chickpea lentil); occasionally, tuar (pigeon pea) and masoor (lentil) are also used.


The dish is usually served with sambar (lentil and vegetable stew) and coconut chutney. Along with idli, it is often eaten as a breakfast. It is also eaten as a lunch starter or a snack.

The medu vada is sometimes also served with yogurt, as a chaat snack (see dahi vada).

In Nepal, on the day of Maghe Sankranti, people make batuk, which is eaten with a variety of boiled tubers such as yam, taro, and sweet potato. Batuk is a traditional festive delicacy of both the Magar and Khas communities of Nepal. Magar people prepare batuk on Maghi, a New Year festival celebrated on the same day of Maghe Sankranti. Magars also eat batuk during weddings, where the groom's family presents batuk to the bride's family alongside pig meat, alcohol, and sel roti. Newa people of Kathmandu valley have their own version of batuks, known as bara. Tharu people in the southern part of west Nepal also make black lentil fritters known as bariya but it is flat or ball-shaped.


See also

This page was last updated at 2023-07-24 07:45 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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