Melbourne Central railway station

Melbourne Central
PTV commuter rail station
Westbound view from Platform 3 in August 2017
General information
LocationLa Trobe Street,
Melbourne, Victoria 3000
City of Melbourne
Australia
Coordinates37°48′36″S 144°57′46″E / 37.81000°S 144.96278°E / -37.81000; 144.96278
Owned byVicTrack
Operated byMetro Trains
Line(s)
Platforms4 (2 island)
Tracks4
Connections
Construction
Structure typeUnderground
Depth29 metres (95 ft)
Platform levels2
AccessibleYes—step free access
Other information
StatusOperational, premium station
Station codeMCE
Fare zoneMyki Zone 1
WebsitePublic Transport Victoria
History
Opened24 January 1981; 42 years ago (1981-01-24)
ElectrifiedJanuary 1981
(1500 V DC overhead)
Previous namesMuseum (1981–1997)
Passengers
2008–200914.916 million
2009–201014.511 million Decrease 2.71%
2010–201115.384 million Increase 6.01%
2011–201214.333 million Decrease 6.83%
2012–2013Not measured
2013–201415.925 million Increase 11.11%
2014–2015Not measured
2015–201615.498 million Decrease 2.68%
2016–201715.724 million Increase 1.46%
2017–201815.859 million Increase 0.86%
Services
Preceding station Railways in Melbourne Metro Trains Following station
Flagstaff
One-way operation
Mernda line Parliament
towards Mernda
Hurstbridge line Parliament
towards Hurstbridge
Flagstaff Pakenham line Parliament
One-way operation
Cranbourne line
Direction of travel on metropolitan lines below between stations on the City Loop changes to either Flagstaff or Parliament depending on the line and time of day.
Flagstaff Lilydale line Parliament
towards Lilydale or Belgrave
Belgrave line
Alamein line
Select weekday peak services only
Parliament
towards Alamein
Glen Waverley line Parliament
Flagstaff
towards Upfield
Upfield line Parliament
Flagstaff
towards Craigieburn
Craigieburn line
Flagstaff
towards Sunbury
Sunbury line
Future services (2025)
Flagstaff Frankston line Parliament
towards Frankston
Track layout
Legend
1
3
L1 (upper)
2
4
L2 (lower)

Melbourne Central railway station is an underground station on the electrified railway network in Melbourne, Australia. It is one of three underground stations on the City Loop, which runs through the north and east of the Melbourne CBD.

The station is located under La Trobe Street, between Swanston and Elizabeth Streets, on the northern edge of the central business district (CBD). The station is named after the Melbourne Central Shopping Centre, which it is beneath. Until 1997 the station was known as Museum station.

It feeds into Melbourne's main metro network station, Flinders Street, and also Southern Cross, Melbourne's main regional terminus. In 2017/2018, it was the third-busiest station on the Melbourne metropolitan rail network, with 15.859 million passenger movements.

History

The station was built using cut and cover construction. In December 1973, to permit excavation of the station, La Trobe Street and its tram tracks were temporarily relocated to the south, onto the site of what is now the Melbourne Central Shopping Centre, and moved back on completion of the work in 1978. The pit was 168 metres (551 ft) long and 22.5 metres (74 ft) wide, 29 metres (95 ft) deep at the Swanston Street end and 22 metres (72 ft) deep at the Elizabeth Street end. Seven layers of struts were used to support the excavation, with 2,600 tonnes of steel temporary supports required.

The station was designed by architectural firm Perrott Lyon Mathieson, with initial layout by associate David Simpson, followed by detailed design by Graeme Butler. The design included the two pairs of platforms, a spacious concourse directly under La Trobe Street, with entries facing the Elizabeth Street and Swanston Street corners. The Swanston Street corner included a set of raised circular platforms above the entry; during a Royal Visit, Queen Elizabeth was shown around the not yet operational station on 28 May 1980, and unveiled a plaque naming it the Queen Elizabeth Plaza.

The station was finally opened on 24 January 1981, and was named Museum, after the adjacent National Museum of Victoria and Science Museum of Victoria, in the State Library of Victoria complex on the opposite side of Swanston Street. It was the first station to open on the City Loop. Initially, the station was only used by trains on the Burnley and Caulfield groups, using platforms 2 and 4, with services from the Clifton Hill group beginning to use platform 1 on 31 October 1982, and trains from the Northern group beginning to use platform 3 on 1 May 1984. The Elizabeth Street entrance to the station opened on 5 April 1982.

The adjoining Melbourne Central Shopping Centre opened in 1991, being built around the existing escalators to street level, with only minor integration between the station concourse and shopping centre. The station was renamed after the shopping centre on 16 February 1997, and a few months later on 13 July, the National Museum of Victoria closed at the State Library site, in preparation for its relocation to Carlton, where it reopened as the Melbourne Museum in 2000.

The station concourse was extensively redeveloped in 2002/2003, as part of a redevelopment of the shopping centre, integrating it into the complex. The direct escalators from the concourse to Swanston Street closed in November 2003, and were replaced by escalators rising into the atrium under the cone in the centre of the shopping centre, making the path for rail passengers more convoluted. The concourse under La Trobe Street was integrated into the shopping centre with the installation of numerous shops.

In 2025, as part of the Metro Tunnel project, the Pakenham, Cranbourne and Sunbury lines will cease to stop at Melbourne Central. However, they will use the connected State Library station when it opens with the Metro Tunnel.

Facilities

Melbourne Central has an underground concourse and two levels of platforms below it (2 island platforms with four faces and tracks). Each platform serves a separate group of rail lines that leave the Loop and radiate out into the city's suburbs. At peak times, with a train arriving every 2.5 minutes, the station has a passenger flow of 30,000 per hour. Three elevators were initially provided, as well as 21 escalators. Melbourne Central is a premium station, meaning that it is staffed from first to last train and provides extra customer services.

The concourse has two sections separated by the shopping centre food court:

  • The Elizabeth Street concourse has stairs and three escalators providing access to the street, a walkway to the Swanston Street concourse, a booking office, ticket barriers, toilets, and stairs and five escalators leading down to the platforms.
  • The Swanston Street concourse was altered in the early 2000s, when redevelopment works were carried out at the adjacent Melbourne Central Shopping Centre. Inside the ticket barriers there are toilets, and two lifts and five escalators going to the platforms. Outside is a food court, an exit to La Trobe Street and Level LG of the shopping centre (which passes under Little Lonsdale Street). There is also a lift and four escalators to the shopping centre level above. On the next level up (Level G), there is access to Little Lonsdale and La Trobe Streets via the shopping centre. Access to Swanston Street is via three escalators rising another floor (or the lift to Level 1 and a 70m walk), and a walk through the shopping centre past the shot tower.

Station layout

G/O Ground Elizabeth Street entrance
Office Staff only
C/LG Concourse Customer service, Melbourne Central Shopping Centre
L1
Platforms
Platform 1
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Platform 2
L2
Platforms
Platform 3
Island platform, doors will open on the left or right
Platform 4

Transport links

Yarra Trams operates thirteen services via Melbourne Central station, on Swanston, Elizabeth, and La Trobe Streets.

Swanston Street

Elizabeth Street

La Trobe Street

Kinetic Melbourne operates four routes from Lonsdale Street (Melbourne Central side), under contract to Public Transport Victoria:

Kinetic Melbourne operates thirteen routes from Lonsdale Street (Myer side), under contract to Public Transport Victoria:

  •  250 : to Queen Street
  •  251 : to Queen Street
  •  302 : to Queen Street
  •  303 : to Queen Street
  •  304 : to King Street
  •  305 : to Spencer Street (Peak Hour only)
  •  309 : to Queen Street
  •  318 : to Spencer Street
  •  350 : to Queen Street
  • SmartBus  905 : to Spencer Street
  • SmartBus  906 : to Spencer Street
  • SmartBus  907 : to Spencer Street
  • SmartBus  908 : to Spencer Street (Peak Hour only)

Kinetic Melbourne operates eleven routes from Swanston/Lonsdale Streets (QV), under contract to Public Transport Victoria:

Gallery


This page was last updated at 2023-11-16 04:46 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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