Mount Meron

Mount Meron
Har MerónJábal al-Jármaq
הַר מֵירוֹן‎ • جبل الجرمق
Northern slopes of Mount Meron
Highest point
Elevation1,204 m (3,950 ft)
Coordinates32°59′52″N 35°24′49″E / 32.99778°N 35.41361°E / 32.99778; 35.41361
Geography
Mount Meron is located in Israel
Mount Meron
Mount Meron
Mount Meron is located in Northeast Israel
Mount Meron
Mount Meron
Mount Meron (Northeast Israel)

Mount Meron (Hebrew: הַר מֵירוֹן, Har Meron; Arabic: جبل الجرمق, Jabal al-Jarmaq) is a mountain in the Upper Galilee region of Israel. It has special significance in Jewish religious tradition and parts of it have been declared a nature reserve. At 1,204 metres (3,950 ft) above sea level, Mount Meron is the highest peak in Israel within the Green Line, though many peaks in the Golan Heights and Mount Hermon, which was annexed by Israel in 1981, are higher.

Mount Meron nature reserve

In 1965, an 84000-dunam nature reserve was declared. An additional 1199 dunams were declared part of the reserve in 2005. It is the highest reserve in Israel, at an altitude of 1204 meters above sea level, and the largest reserve in the north of the country.

Religious significance

Tomb of Shimon bar Yochai

The village of Meron and the tomb of Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai are on Mount Meron. Leading up to the anniversary of his death on Lag BaOmer, thousands of people camp out along the slopes near the tomb, and on Lag B'Omer itself, hundreds of thousands make pilgrimages to celebrate the occasion.

Hiking paths

The mountain has extensive undergrowth and cannot be climbed from every direction. The main path starts at the northwest side of the Meron village. There is a gate next to the road, with a color-marked path of about 10 km. There is also a path on the west side of the mountain.

Climate

Snowfall on Mount Meron

Mount Meron has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification: Csa) with hot and dry summers and cool, wet and occasionally snowy winters. It snows briefly on Mount Meron a few times during every winter. There are 22 days a year with a temperature of 32 °C or higher and 28 days below freezing. Mount Meron has the second highest precipitation in Israel after Mount Hermon. Note: the chart is an average of 5 years so the record highs and lows may not be fully accurate.

Climate data for Mount Meron (2002–2007)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17
(63)
22
(72)
18
(64)
26
(79)
32
(90)
32
(90)
33
(91)
36
(97)
33
(91)
28
(82)
26
(79)
20
(68)
36
(97)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 8
(46)
9
(48)
11
(52)
18
(64)
23
(73)
27
(81)
29
(84)
30
(86)
27
(81)
26
(79)
20
(68)
12
(54)
20
(68)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6
(43)
6
(43)
7
(45)
13
(55)
18
(64)
21
(70)
23
(73)
24
(75)
21
(70)
20
(68)
16
(61)
9
(48)
15
(59)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 4
(39)
3
(37)
4
(39)
8
(46)
13
(55)
15
(59)
17
(63)
18
(64)
16
(61)
15
(59)
12
(54)
6
(43)
11
(52)
Record low °C (°F) −2
(28)
−8
(18)
3
(37)
7
(45)
11
(52)
15
(59)
13
(55)
13
(55)
11
(52)
5
(41)
−8
(18)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 70
(2.8)
190
(7.5)
270
(10.6)
60
(2.4)
80
(3.1)
180
(7.1)
20
(0.8)
240
(9.4)
1,150
(45.3)
Average precipitation days 5 10 8 4 5 10 1 10 56
Average relative humidity (%) 75 72 68 55 45 45 46 49 52 50 56 72 57
Source: "Climate Information for Har Meron, Israel". Weather Base.

Incidents

On May 17, 1911, the collapse of an eight-meter high roof caused 40 wounded and seven fatalities. As the nearby hospital was closed, people from the surrounding area donated bedsheets and equipment to assist the wounded.

At about 12:50 a.m. on April 30, 2021, hundreds of Israelis were trampled as they were leaving the mountain, having attended a Lag BaOmer celebration that drew an estimated 100,000 people in spite of a 10,000-people limit imposed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. At least 45 people died in the disaster, with hundreds injured.


This page was last updated at 2023-12-12 13:26 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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