Murtala Muhammed International Airport (Redirected from Murtala Muhammad International Airport)

Murtala Muhammed
International Airport
Summary
Airport typePublic
Owner/OperatorFederal Airports Authority of Nigeria (FAAN)
ServesIkeja
Lagos
Lekki
LocationIkeja, Lagos State, Nigeria
Hub for
Time zoneWAT (UTC+01:00)
Elevation AMSL135 ft / 41 m
Coordinates06°34′38″N 003°19′16″E / 6.57722°N 3.32111°E / 6.57722; 3.32111
Map
LOS is located in Lagos
LOS
LOS
Location of Airport in Lagos
LOS is located in Nigeria
LOS
LOS
LOS (Nigeria)
LOS is located in Africa
LOS
LOS
LOS (Africa)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
18R/36L 3,900 12,794 Asphalt
18L/36R 2,743 8,999 Asphalt
Statistics (2021)
Passengers5,689,234
Sources: National Bureau of Statistics, Nigeria Federal Airports Authority of Nigeria WAD GCM

Murtala Muhammed International Airport (MMIA) (IATA: LOS, ICAO: DNMM) (Yoruba: Pápá Ọkọ̀ Òfurufú Káríayé Múrítàlá Mùhammẹ̀d) is an international airport located in Ikeja, Lagos State, Nigeria, and is the major airport serving the entire state. The airport was initially built during World War II and is named after Murtala Muhammed (1938–1976), the fourth military ruler of Nigeria.

History

Lagos Airport in 1969 with a Vickers VC-10 of Nigeria Airways and a Fokker F27 Friendship at the stands. International terminal (right) and Domestic terminal (left).
Ticketing Hall in Domestic Terminal.
Main Departures Hall in Domestic Terminal.

The airport was built during World War II. West African Airways Corporation was formed in 1947 and had its main base at Ikeja. De Havilland Doves were initially operated on WAACs Nigerian internal routes then West African services. Larger Douglas Dakotas were added to the Ikeja-based fleet from 1957.

Originally known as Lagos Airport, it was renamed after military head of state Murtala Muhammed in 1976 following his assassination in a failed coup attempt. A new international terminal modeled after Amsterdam Airport Schiphol was constructed through the decade at a cost of ₦240 million, officially opening on 15 March 1979, as part of a broader master plan to ensure sufficient capacity through the year 2000. It is the main base for Nigeria's largest airline, Air Peace, as well as for several other Nigerian airlines.

BOAC Avro York in Ikeja Airport
Exterior of 1979

Murtala Muhammed International Airport consists of an international and a domestic terminal, located about one kilometre from each other. Both terminals share the same runways. This domestic terminal used to be the old Ikeja Airport. International operations moved to the new international airport when it was ready while domestic operations moved to the Ikeja Airport, which became the domestic airport. The domestic operations were relocated to the old Lagos domestic terminal in 2000 after a fire. A new domestic privately funded terminal known as MMA2 has been constructed and was commissioned on 7 April 2007.

During the late 1980s and 1990s, the international terminal had a reputation of being dangerous. From 1992 through 2000, the US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) posted warning signs in all US international airports advising travelers that security conditions at Lagos Airport did not meet ICAO minimum standards.[citation needed] In 1993, the FAA suspended air service between Lagos and the United States. The decision affected Nigeria Airways and American Trans Air.

Following Olusegun Obasanjo's democratic election in 1999, the security situation at Lagos began to improve. Airport police instituted a "shoot on sight" policy for anyone found in the secure areas around runways and taxiways, stopping further airplane robberies. Police secured the inside of the terminal and the arrival areas outside. The FAA ended its suspension of direct flights to Nigeria in 2001 in recognition of these security improvements.[citation needed] Through its joint venture with Nigeria Airways, South African Airways (SAA) inaugurated a flight from Johannesburg to New York via Lagos in February 2001. The airline reserved roughly a third of the seats on the Boeing 747 for Nigeria Airways. SAA terminated the service the following March, stating that it was unprofitable. The company added that in an attempt to increase passenger counts, they had tried to convince Nigeria Airways to accept a smaller seat allotment, but the latter refused. One month later, Nigeria Airways began their own route to New York with a leased Boeing 747. The airline had to suspend the flight in January 2003 because creditors had seized one of their last planes. In July 2006, North American Airlines launched nonstop service to New York using Boeing 767s.

By 2010, the FAA had granted the airport its highest safety rating. That year, the airport served 6,273,545 passengers.

Recent years[when?] have seen substantial improvements at Murtala Muhammed International Airport. Malfunctioning and non-operational infrastructures such as air conditioning and luggage belts have been repaired. The entire airport has been cleaned, and many new restaurants and duty-free stores have opened. Bilateral Air Services Agreements signed between Nigeria and other countries are being revived and new ones signed. These agreements have seen the likes of Emirates, Ocean Air, Delta and China Southern Airlines express interest and receive landing rights to Nigeria's largest international airport.

On 6 September 2012, then Minister of Aviation, Stella Oduah, announced that the Federal Government of Nigeria approved a N106 billion loan from the Exim Bank of China to construct 5 new international terminals, including a passenger terminal in Murtala Muhammed International Airport. Construction began in late 2013, and the new international terminal was commissioned by President Muhammadu Buhari on 22 March 2022. The new terminal has the capacity to process 14 million passengers annually. Initially, most airlines did not move their flights to the new terminal as the apron did not have enough space for larger planes to taxi to the gate with the terminal's layout. In response, the Federal Airports Authority of Nigeria announced that it would demolish two private hangars to increase the apron space and successfully ordered all airlines to shift to the new terminal by October 2023, stating that the move was necessary to renovate the old terminal.

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

The main apron area of the airport
AirlinesDestinations
Aero Contractors Abuja, Asaba, Benin City, Calabar, Enugu, Kano, Owerri, Port Harcourt–Omagwa, Uyo
Africa World Airlines Accra
Air Côte d'Ivoire Abidjan
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Peace Abidjan (begins, 22 Jan 2024), Abuja, Accra, Akure, Asaba, Banjul, Benin City, Calabar, Dakar–Diass, Cotonou (begins, 22 Jan 2024), Douala, Dubai–International (suspended), Enugu, Freetown, Ibadan, Ilorin, Johannesburg–O. R. Tambo, Kano, Kebbi, Lomé, Monrovia–Roberts, Mumbai, Onitsha, Owerri, Port Harcourt–NAF, Port Harcourt–Omagwa, Uyo, Warri
Arik Air Abuja, Asaba, Benin City, Calabar, Enugu, Jos, Kaduna, Kano, Owerri, Port Harcourt–NAF, Port Harcourt–Omagwa, Uyo, Warri
ASKY Airlines Douala, Kinshasa–N'djili, Libreville, Lomé
Azman Air Abuja, Kano
British Airways London–Heathrow
Delta Air Lines Atlanta
Egyptair Cairo
Emirates Dubai-International
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa
Green Africa Airways Abuja, Akure, Enugu, Ilorin, Owerri, Port Harcourt–Omagwa
Ibom Air Accra, Uyo
Kenya Airways Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta
KLM Amsterdam
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Malabo
Max Air Abuja, Kano, Port Harcourt–Omagwa
Middle East Airlines Abidjan, Beirut
Qatar Airways Doha
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Rwandair Kigali
South African Airways Johannesburg–O. R. Tambo
TAAG Angola Airlines Luanda
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Uganda Airlines Entebbe
United Airlines Washington–Dulles
United Nigeria Airlines Abuja, Asaba, Enugu, Onitsha, Yenagoa
ValueJet Abuja, Benin City, Jos, Port Harcourt–Omagwa
Virgin Atlantic London–Heathrow

Cargo

AirlinesDestinations
Air France Cargo N'Djamena, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Allied Air Ostend/Bruges
Cargolux Luxembourg
DHL Aviation Accra, Bamako, Brussels, Cotonou, Malabo
Emirates SkyCargoDubai–Al Maktoum
Ethiopian Airlines Cargo Accra, Addis Ababa, Chongqing, Kigali, Liège, London–Heathrow, Miami, Santiago de Chile
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt, Johannesburg–O.R. Tambo
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha, São Paulo-Guarulhos
Saudia Cargo Dubai–Al Maktoum, Jeddah, Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta, Riyadh, Sharjah
Turkish Cargo Dubai–Al Maktoum, Istanbul

Other facilities

The airport includes the headquarters of the Federal Airports Authority of Nigeria. It also houses the head office of the Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority, formerly just its Lagos office; and the head office of the Accident Investigation Bureau. The Lagos office of the Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority is located in Aviation House on the grounds of the airport.

Arik Air's head office is in the Arik Air Aviation Center on the grounds of the airport. Aero Contractors has its head office in the Private Terminal of the Domestic Wing at Murtala Muhammed International Airport.

At one time Nigeria Airways had its head office in Airways House on the airport property. Prior to its disestablishment Afrijet Airlines had its head office in the NAHCO Building on the grounds of the airport.

Statistics

These data show number of passengers movements into the airport, according to the Federal Airports Authority of Nigeria's Aviation Sector Summary Reports.

Annual passenger traffic at LOS airport. See Wikidata query.
Year 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Passengers 6,746,290 6,879,286 7,261,178 7,374,507 7,164,169 6,694,747 6,553,151 7,290,530 7,496,318 4,110,395 5,689,234 6,526,023
Growth (%) Increase 7.54% Increase 1.97% Increase 5.55% Increase 1.56% Decrease 2.8% Decrease 7.1% Decrease 2.16% Increase 11.2% Increase 2.8% Decrease 45.17% Increase38.41% Increase14.71%
Source: Federal Airports Authority of Nigeria (FAAN). Aviation Sector Reports (2010–2013, 2014, Q3-Q4 of 2015, and Q1-Q2 of 2016,)

Accidents and incidents

  • On 20 November 1969, Nigeria Airways Flight 825 crashed while on approach to Murtala Muhammed International Airport. All 87 passengers and crew on board were killed.
  • Early in 1981, a Douglas C-47B of Arax Airlines (registration 5N-ARA) was damaged beyond repair in an accident and was subsequently reduced to spares.
  • On 26 September 1992, a Nigerian Air Force C-130 Hercules crashed three minutes after take-off in the nearby Ejigbo canal. Three engines failed, high take-off weight. All 158 people on board were killed.
  • On 7 November 1996, ADC Airlines Flight 86, a Boeing 727-231 was approaching the airport whilst avoiding a potential collision. The 727 pilots took evasive action but overcompensated: within sixteen seconds the plane was flying upside down approaching Mach 1. The inverted aircraft disintegrated on impact, near Ejirin, killing all 144 passengers and crew.
  • On 22 October 2005, Bellview Airlines Flight 210, bound for Abuja, crashed after takeoff, killing all 117 people on board.
  • On 3 June 2012, Dana Air Flight 992 crashed in close proximity of the airport. The plane, a McDonnell Douglas MD-83, is reported to have banked sharply prior to attempting to land at LOS, subsequently crashing in the nearby residential area of Agege, killing all 153 passengers and crew on board and six others on the ground.
  • On 3 October 2013, Associated Aviation Flight 361 crashed shortly after takeoff. The plane was an Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia. 16 people died and 4 people survived the incident.
  • On 13 February 2018, Delta Air Lines Flight 55 en route to Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport in Atlanta, Georgia, suffered a fire, which was caught in the left hand engine. The Airbus A330-223 aircraft stopped its climb at 2,000 feet and activated the fire suppression, returning to Lagos for a safe landing about 8 minutes after departure. The aircraft was evacuated, 5 people received minor injuries as result of the evacuation.
  • On 15 May 2019, an Air Peace Boeing 737 from Port Harcourt to Lagos suffered a hard landing on runway 18R that resulted in damage to the engine pod and the landing gear. The aircraft was grounded, although no injuries were reported.
  • On 16 February 2021, an Azman Air Boeing 737 from Abuja to Lagos blew a number of main tyres upon landing on runway 18R. The aircraft was disabled and the runway closed overnight until the wreckage could be removed.

See also


This page was last updated at 2024-02-09 23:42 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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