Politics of the Republic of the Congo

Politics of the Republic of the Congo takes place in a framework of a unitary semi-presidential republic, whereby the President is the head of state and the Prime Minister is the head of government, of a pluriform multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the President and the Government. Recently, following the approval of a new Constitution after a referendum in 2015, Congo became a semi-presidential republic after the creation of the post of prime minister who is responsible to the legislature, as well is the cabinet of the former. Legislative power is vested in both the Government and the two chambers of parliament.

Executive branch

Main office holders
Office Name Party Since
President Denis Sassou-Nguesso Party of Labour 25 October 1997
Prime Minister Anatole Collinet Makosso Party of Labour 12 May 2021

Legislative branch

The Parliament (Parlement) has two chambers. The National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) elects its members to five-year terms in single-seat constituencies. The members of the Senate (Sénat) are elected for a six-year term by district, local and regional councils. The Republic of Congo is a one party dominant state with the Congolese Labour Party in power. Opposition parties are allowed, but are widely considered to have no real chance of gaining power.

Political parties and elections

Presidential elections

Denis Sassou NguessoCongolese Party of Labour838,92260.19
Guy Brice Parfait KolélasCongolese Movement for Democracy and Integral Development209,63215.04
Jean-Marie MokokoIndependent191,56213.74
Pascal Tsaty MabialaPan-African Union for Social Democracy65,0254.67
André Okombi SalissaInitiative for Democracy in Congo57,3734.12
Claudine MunariMovement for Unity, Solidarity and Labour21,5301.54
Joseph Kignoumbi Kia MboungouChain3,5400.25
Michel Mboussi NgouariConvention of Republican Parties3,3010.24
Anguios Nganguia EngabéParty for Action of the Republic2,9050.21
Valid votes1,393,79093.55
Invalid/blank votes96,1716.45
Total votes1,489,961100.00
Registered voters/turnout2,161,83968.92
Source: Constitutional Court

Parliamentary elections

PartyFirst roundSecond roundSeats
Congolese Party of Labour7219596+7
Pan-African Union for Social Democracy3508+1
Congolese Movement for Democracy and Integral Development0044–3
Action Movement for Renewal31040
Rally for Democracy and Social Progress2103–2
Dynamic for the Republic and Recovery0303New
Union for a People's Movement2002+2
Citizen Rally1001–2
Liberal Republican Party01010
Club 2002 – Party for the Unity of the Republic10010
Union of Democratic Forces10010
Party for Agreement and Political Action1001+1
Patriotic Front1001+1
Movement for Democracy and Progress0101+1
Party for Unity, Liberty and Progress0101+1
Congress for Democracy and the Republic0101New
La Chaîne0101New
National Movement for the Liberation of Congo0101New
Registered voters/turnout2,221,596
Source: Jeune Afrique, IPU
  1. ^ The elections were not held in the Pool Department (9 seats). Instead, the term of the nine outgoing deputies was extended: Of these, five belonged to the Congolese Party of Labour and four to the Congolese Movement for Democracy and Integral Development.

International organization participation

ACCT, ACP, AfDB, BDEAC, CCC, CEEAC, ECA, FAO, FZ, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ITU, NAM, OAU, OPCW, UDEAC, UN (Security Council member for 2006/2007), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

This page was last updated at 2021-11-03 05:27 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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