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Rosheim

Rosheim
View of Rosheim and surroundings
View of Rosheim and surroundings
Coat of arms of Rosheim
Location of Rosheim
Rosheim is located in France
Rosheim
Rosheim
Rosheim is located in Grand Est
Rosheim
Rosheim
Coordinates: 48°30′N 7°28′E / 48.50°N 7.47°E / 48.50; 7.47Coordinates: 48°30′N 7°28′E / 48.50°N 7.47°E / 48.50; 7.47
CountryFrance
RegionGrand Est
DepartmentBas-Rhin
ArrondissementMolsheim
CantonMolsheim
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Michel Herr
Area
1
29.55 km2 (11.41 sq mi)
Population
(Jan. 2019)
5,221
 • Density180/km2 (460/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
67411 /67560
Elevation164–842 m (538–2,762 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
Imperial City of Rosheim
Reichsstadt Rosheim (de)
Ville libre impériale de Rosheim (fr)
1303–1679
Coat of arms of Rosheim
Coat of arms
StatusFree Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire
CapitalRosheim
GovernmentRepublic
Historical eraMiddle Ages
• First mentioned
778
1303
• Foundation of
    the Décapole

1354
• Awarded to France
1648
• Abolition of Décapole
    and of Rosheimer
    independence
1679
Preceded by Succeeded by
Duchy of Swabia
Early modern France

Rosheim is a commune in the Bas-Rhin department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.

It lies 25 km (16 mi) southwest of Strasbourg, on the eastern slopes of the Vosges mountains. It is a winemaking town on the tourist "Road of the Wines of Alsace" and the Route Romane d'Alsace ("Romanesque route of Alsace").

Geography

Distance from Paris 450 km, Strasbourg 25 km, Obernai 7 km, Molsheim 7 km.

History

Rosheim was first mentioned in a document in 778 as Rodasheim. In 1262 it received its town charter, combined with the right to build a town wall. From the 14th to 17th centuries, Rosheim was an Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire, and founded the Décapole confederation with nine other Alsatian Imperial Cities in 1354, the goal was to maintain their rights. Like the other Decapolitan cities, it was awarded to France by the Peace of Westphalia and finally lost its independence under the Treaties of Nijmegen and was annexed by France.

Sights

  • Church Saint-Pierre-et-Paul (building 12th century, tower 14th century, organ 18th century)
  • Church Saint-Etienne (18th century, belltower 12th century)
  • Maison païenne (“pagan house”, 12th century)
  • City Hall (18th century)
  • Old well (Puits aux six seaux) (17th century)
  • Four fortified tower-gates (13th and 14th century)
  • Half-timbered houses (16th century)

Notable people

See also


This page was last updated at 2022-04-29 06:13 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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