Sir Henry Holland, 1st Baronet

Sir Henry Holland, 1st Baronet
Sir Henry Holland 1st Baronet.jpg
Henry Holland, age 80
Born27 October 1788 Edit this on Wikidata
Died27 October 1873 Edit this on Wikidata (aged 85)

Sir Henry Holland, 1st Baronet, FRS (27 October 1788 – 27 October 1873), was a British physician and travel writer. [1]

Early life

Born in Knutsford, Cheshire, Holland was the son of the physician Peter Holland (1766–1853) and his wife Mary Willets. Peter's sister Elizabeth was the mother of the novelist Elizabeth Gaskell, and Mary was the niece of the potter Josiah Wedgwood. He studied medicine at Edinburgh University (MA, 1811).


He had an extensive practice and was Domestic Physician to Caroline, Princess of Wales (briefly in 1814) and Physician Extraordinary to William IV and to Queen Victoria. He was also Physician in Ordinary to Queen Victoria in 1852.

He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in January, 1815 and served on the council three times.[2] He was created a Baronet in 1853.


Holland gained fame through his travel writings, having travelled to Iceland and through the Balkans and the Iberian peninsula, while the British were at war with France. He was also a talented society physician, and between his good looks, his charm, and his experiences and conversation, he was much in demand.

Holland died on his 85th birthday, 27 October 1873, at his house in Brook Street, London.


In 1822 he married, Margaret Emma Caldwell (1795–1830, known as Emma), with whom he had two sons and two daughters:

Emma died on 2 February 1830. He later became son-in-law to the wit Sydney Smith whose daughter, Saba, he married as his second wife, with whom he had two daughters:

  • Caroline Holland (1834–1909), author of Notebooks of a Spinster Lady, publ. posth. 1919
  • Gertrude Holland (1840–1898)


  1. ^ "SIR HENRY HOLLAND (Obituary Notice, Friday, October 31, 1873)". Eminent Persons: Biographies reprinted from The Times. I (1870-1875). London: Macmillan and Co. 1892. pp. 186–194. Retrieved 26 February 2019 – via HathiTrust Digital Library.
  2. ^ "Library and Archive Catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 20 November 2010.[permanent dead link]

External links

Baronetage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baronet
(of Sandlebridge)
Succeeded by
Henry Holland

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