Tau neutrino

Tau neutrino
CompositionElementary particle
StatisticsFermionic
FamilyLepton
GenerationThird
InteractionsWeak, gravity
Symbol
ν
τ
AntiparticleTau antineutrino (
ν
τ
)
TheorizedMid 1970s
DiscoveredDONUT collaboration (2000)
MassNonzero
(See Neutrino mass)
Electric charge0 e
Color chargeNo
Spin1/2
Weak isospin1/2
Weak hypercharge−1
Chiralityleft-handed (for right-handed neutrinos, see sterile neutrino)

The tau neutrino or tauon neutrino is an elementary particle which has the symbol
ν
τ
and zero electric charge. Together with the tau (τ), it forms the third generation of leptons, hence the name tau neutrino. Its existence was immediately implied after the tau particle was detected in a series of experiments between 1974 and 1977 by Martin Lewis Perl with his colleagues at the SLACLBL group. The discovery of the tau neutrino was announced in July 2000 by the DONUT collaboration (Direct Observation of the Nu Tau).

Discovery

The DONUT experiment from Fermilab was built during the 1990s to specifically detect the tau neutrino. These efforts came to fruition in July 2000, when the DONUT collaboration reported its detection. The tau neutrino is last of the leptons, and is the second most recent discovered particle of the Standard Model (i.e., it was observed 12 years before the discovery of the Higgs boson in 2012).

See also


This page was last updated at 2023-12-09 20:03 UTC. Update now. View original page.

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