Wilancha (sacrifice) in Wilaqala on Willkakuti celebrated on June 21

Willkakuti[1] (Aymara for Return of the Sun), Machaq Mara (Aymara for New Year), Mara T'aqa, Jach'a Laymi or Pacha Kuti[2] (in Spanish named Año Nuevo Andino Amazónico (Andean-Amazonic New Year)) is an Aymara celebration in Bolivia, Chile[3] and in the Southern Peru[2] which commemorates the winter solstice in the Southern Hemisphere.

It was declared a national holiday in Bolivia in 2009 by the government of Evo Morales,[4] despite opposition from the Christian right in Bolivia. In 2013, when the year 5521 of the Aymara calendar was marked, Willkakuti was celebrated in more than 200 places, among them Inkallaqta, Inka Raqay, Samaypata and Uyuni.[5] Its major celebration hub is Tiwanaku.

See also


  1. ^ Radio San Gabriel, "Instituto Radiofonico de Promoción Aymara" (IRPA) 1993, Republicado por Instituto de las Lenguas y Literaturas Andinas-Amazónicas (ILLLA-A) 2011, Transcripción del Vocabulario de la Lengua Aymara, P. Ludovico Bertonio 1612 (Spanish-Aymara-Aymara-Spanish dictionary)
  2. ^ a b "Mensaje por la celebración del Año Nuevo Andino 2012". regionpuno.gob.pe. Retrieved March 24, 2014.
  3. ^ "Machaq Mara". Municipality of Pozo Almonte. Retrieved March 24, 2014.
  4. ^ "Bolivia: Decreto Supremo Nº 173, 17 de junio de 2009". LexiVox. Retrieved 2018-03-14.
  5. ^ "El Willkakuti traspasa fronteras". Viceministerio de Turismo. Retrieved May 18, 2014.

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